On “Psychometric Properties of the Outpatient Physical Therapy Improvement in Movement Assessment Log…” Riddle DL, Stratford PW, Carter TL, Et Al. Phys Ther. 2013;93:672-680.

On “Psychometric properties of the Outpatient Physical Therapy Improvement in Movement Assessment Log…” Riddle DL, Stratford PW, Carter TL, et al. Phys Ther. 2013;93:672-680.

Phys Ther. 2013 May; 93(5): 705-7
Guccione AA, Mielenz TJ

HubMed – rehab


eGFP Expression under UCHL1 Promoter Genetically Labels Corticospinal Motor Neurons and a Subpopulation of Degeneration-Resistant Spinal Motor Neurons in an ALS Mouse Model.

J Neurosci. 2013 May 1; 33(18): 7890-7904
Yasvoina MV, Genç B, Jara JH, Sheets PL, Quinlan KA, Milosevic A, Shepherd GM, Heckman CJ, Ozdinler PH

Understanding mechanisms that lead to selective motor neuron degeneration requires visualization and cellular identification of vulnerable neurons. Here we report generation and characterization of UCHL1-eGFP and hSOD1(G93A)-UeGFP mice, novel reporter lines for cortical and spinal motor neurons. Corticospinal motor neurons (CSMN) and a subset of spinal motor neurons (SMN) are genetically labeled in UCHL1-eGFP mice, which express eGFP under the UCHL1 promoter. eGFP expression is stable and continues through P800 in vivo. Retrograde labeling, molecular marker expression, electrophysiological analysis, and cortical circuit mapping confirmed CSMN identity of eGFP(+) neurons in the motor cortex. Anatomy, molecular marker expression, and electrophysiological analysis revealed that the eGFP expression is restricted to a subset of small-size SMN that are slow-twitch ? and ? motor neurons. Crossbreeding of UCHL1-eGFP and hSOD1(G93A) lines generated hSOD1(G93A)-UeGFP mice, which displayed the disease phenotype observed in a hSOD1(G93A) mouse model of ALS. eGFP(+) SMN showed resistance to degeneration in hSOD1(G93A)-UeGFP mice, and their slow-twitch ? and ? motor neuron identity was confirmed. In contrast, eGFP(+) neurons in the motor cortex of hSOD1(G93A)-UeGFP mice recapitulated previously reported progressive CSMN loss and apical dendrite degeneration. Our findings using these two novel reporter lines revealed accumulation of autophagosomes along the apical dendrites of vulnerable CSMN at P60, early symptomatic stage, suggesting autophagy as a potential intrinsic mechanism for CSMN apical dendrite degeneration. HubMed – rehab


The use of muscle dynamometer for correction of muscle imbalances in the area of deep stabilising spine system.

Proc Inst Mech Eng H. 2013 May 1;
Malátová R, Rokytová J, Stumbauer J

Dorsal pain caused by spine dysfunctions belongs to most frequent chronic illnesses. The muscles of the deep stabilising spine system work as a single functional unit where a dysfunction of only one muscle causes dysfunction of the whole system. Non-invasive, objective and statistically measurable evaluation of the condition of deep stabilising spine system has been made possible by the construction of muscular dynamometer. The aim of our work has been the assessment of deep stabilising spine system by diaphragm test and muscular dynamometer measurements. Based on an initial examination, a 6-week intervention programme was established including instructions on physiological body posture and correct basic body stabilisation for the given exercises and muscle strengthening. Consecutive measurements are then compared with the initial ones. It was presumed that a smaller number of the tested subjects would be able to correctly activate the deep stabilising spine system muscles before the intervention programme when compared to those after the intervention programme. A positive change of 87% has been found. It is clear that if a person actively approaches the programme, then positive adaptation changes on the deep stabilising spine system are seen only after 6 weeks. With the muscular dynamometer, activation of deep stabilising spine system can be objectively measured. Changes between the initial condition of a subject and the difference after some exercise or rehabilitation are especially noticeable. Also, the effect of given therapy or correct performance of the exercise can be followed and observed. HubMed – rehab