What Place for Ethics? an Overview of Ethics Teaching in Occupational Therapy and Physiotherapy Programs in Canada.

What place for ethics? An overview of ethics teaching in occupational therapy and physiotherapy programs in Canada.

Disabil Rehabil. 2013 Jul 18;
Hudon A, Laliberté M, Hunt M, Sonier V, Williams-Jones B, Mazer B, Badro V, Ehrmann Feldman D

Abstract Purpose: The recent introduction of master’s level curricula for Occupational Therapy (OT) and Physiotherapy (PT) training programs in Canada raises both challenges and opportunities to address ethical issues during professional training. This study evaluated the inclusion of ethics content in course descriptions and course calendars in order to develop a preliminary understanding of how rehabilitation ethics is taught in Canadian universities. Method: We reviewed the ethics content in the online curricula of 27 Canadian rehabilitation programs (OT & PT). Courses addressing ethical issues were identified through keyword searches, and were then subjected to both quantitative and textual descriptive analyses. Results: The mean proportion of credits allotted to courses that included ethics terminology was 5.9% (SD?=?1.4) for OT and 6.5% (SD?=?4.8) for PT (p?=?0.69). The most common terms in the course descriptions were “ethics/ethical” followed by “legal”, “professionalism”, “deontology” and “regulatory”. Textual analysis revealed eight course topics, the most frequent being: standards of practice, ethical decision-making, clinical courses and mediation/communication. Conclusion: With the growing recognition and status of OT and PT in the healthcare system, and corresponding shifts in how professionals are being trained, it is crucial to assess and reflect upon the place accorded to and manner of teaching ethics. Implications for Rehabilitation Ethics training in rehabilitation programs With the evolving recognition of OT and PT professions within the healthcare system, and corresponding shifts in how future professionals are trained, it is crucial to assess the place accorded to teaching ethics. In Canadian OT and PT programs, ethics content is most commonly included in broad courses related to standards of practice and not in specific ethics courses. Careful attention is needed to ensure that OT and PT students receive sufficient ethics training that is well aligned with their future practice context to support them to competently address the ethical issues that they will encounter in clinical practice. In addition, OT and PT professionals would benefit from the development of continuing education activities that target ethical issues relevant to their practice. HubMed – rehab

Physical activity and low back pain: the role of subgroups based on the avoidance-endurance model.

Disabil Rehabil. 2013 Jul 18;
Plaas H, Sudhaus S, Willburger R, Hasenbring MI

Abstract Purpose: This study examines the relationship between low back pain, disability and fatigue and overt physical activity with respect to fear-avoidance and endurance-related subgroups. Method: 49 patients completed questionnaires (Pain, Disability, Fatigue, Depression, Pain-responses pattern) 6 months after lumbar disc surgery and underwent an 8-hour accelerometer assessment measuring overall physical activity (PAL), constant strain postures (CSP), standing time (ST) and lying time (LT). Four subgroups, representing patterns of distress-endurance (DER), eustress-endurance (EER), fear-avoidance (FAR) and adaptive responses (AR) due to the avoidance-endurance model of pain-regulation were investigated. Results: Multivariate analyses of covariance revealed significantly higher pain, disability and fatigue in FAR compared to AR patients and, as expected lower PAL and CSP in FAR than in endurance patients. Both endurance groups revealed higher pain accompanied by higher accelerometer-based physical activity (PAL, CSP) than AR and FAR patients. Most of the subgroup differences displayed moderate to high effect sizes. Conclusions: The results indicate different pathways to chronic pain and disability with physical underuse in FAR patients and overuse/overload in endurance patients suggesting the need for individually targeted cognitive-behavioral treatments in the maladaptive groups. Implications for Rehabilitation Improving the return to a normal physical activity level is an important goal for the rehabilitation of patients after lumbar disc surgery. Different pathways to chronic pain and disability with physical underuse in fear-avoidance patients and overuse in endurance patients should be considered. Different pain-related pain response pattern, based on the avoidance-endurance model, indicate the need for individual targeting of rehabilitation programs. HubMed – rehab

The impact of falls prevention on participation in daily occupations of older adults following discharge: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Disabil Rehabil. 2013 Jul 18;
Pritchard E, Brown T, Lalor A, Haines T

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the impact of falls intervention programmes on participation of older adults returning home to live, following discharge from hospital. Method: A systematic review of peer-reviewed articles and grey literature was completed. Limits were set for articles published in English, dated 1990-2012. Inclusion criteria included randomised control trials with older adults (?65 years) that used an effective falls intervention and a participation measure, following discharge from hospital or emergency department. Two independent researchers assessed the studies for eligibility. Research risk of bias was evaluated using the PEDro scale (range 1-10). A meta-analysis of the selected articles was completed. Results: Five studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria and measured participation outcomes short-term (HubMed – rehab