[The Clinical Efficacy of a Succinate-Containing Infusion Drug During Pharmacotherapy for Hepatic Lesions of Varying Genesis: Results of Meta-Analysis].

[The clinical efficacy of a succinate-containing infusion drug during pharmacotherapy for hepatic lesions of varying genesis: results of meta-analysis].

Ter Arkh. 2013; 85(1): 56-61

To pool the published results of trials of the new infusion hepatoprotector remaxol for the integral quantification of the magnitude of its clinical efficacy.The authors made a systematized review of the published results of randomized clinical trials of the succinate-containing infusion hepatoprotector remaxol in diseases associated with hepatic lesions (chronic hepatitis B and C, severe ethanol intoxication in the presence of alcohol dependence, drug-induced liver lesion during treatment of tuberculosis, and metabolic syndrome). The pooled database included information on 935 patients. The combined control group (n = 447) received traditional pharmacotherapy drugs (active placebo), the treatment group (n = 628) additionally took remaxol.Meta-analysis of the frequency characteristics of positive outcomes (the rate of disappearance of major clinical symptoms and complications) and the activity range for the enzymes characterizing hepatocyte cytolysis (alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase) and cholestasis (alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamate transpeptidase) in the compared groups could provide an integral evaluation of the clinical efficacy of remaxol, which was 1.57 for enzymatic activity and 1.78 for the frequency characteristics of outcomes. The odds ratio of positive outcomes was 2.9 (range 1.9 to 3.9) and the number of patients who needed to be treated with remaxol during the follow-up to prevent a poor outcome in one patient was 6 (range 4 to 8).The succinic acid-based infusion hepatoprotector remaxol provides a statistically and clinically significant therapeutic effect in the drug correction of hepatic lesions of varying genesis. HubMed – drug


Redox-Responsive, Core Cross-Linked Polyester Micelles.

ACS Macro Lett. 2013 Jan 15; 2(1): 40-44
Zhang Z, Yin L, Tu C, Song Z, Zhang Y, Xu Y, Tong R, Zhou Q, Ren J, Cheng J

Monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(Tyr(alkynyl)-OCA), a biodegradable amphiphilic block copolymer, was synthesized by means of ring-opening polymerization of 5-(4-(prop-2-yn-1-yloxy)benzyl)-1,3-dioxolane-2,4-dione (Tyr(alkynyl)-OCA) and used to prepare core cross-linked polyester micelles via click chemistry. Core cross-linking not only improved the structural stability of the micelles but also allowed controlled release of cargo molecules in response to the reducing reagent. This new class of core cross-linked micelles can potentially be used in controlled release and drug delivery applications. HubMed – drug


Potentiation of Scutellarin on Human Tongue Carcinoma Xenograft by Low-Intensity Ultrasound.

PLoS One. 2013; 8(3): e59473
Li H, Fan H, Wang Z, Zheng J, Cao W

Scutellarin 7-O-?-d-glucuronide (scutellarin) has shown great potential as a chemotherapeutic agent for cancer treatment, but only at high dosage. Here we investigate the possibility of using low intensity ultrasound to reduce the scutellarin dosage. Ultrasound intensities of 1.0 W/cm(2) and 0.05 W/cm(2) were used for in vivo and in vitro experiments, respectively, and a very low dosage of scutellarin (15 nM) was used. Tumor-bearing Balb/c mice and SAS human-tongue squamous carcinoma cell suspensions were used for the in vivo and in vitro experiments, respectively. Each kind of subjects was divided into control, ultrasound-alone, scutellarin-alone, and combined ultrasound-scutellarin treatment groups. Only the combined treatment showed strong anticancer effects. In the in vivo case, the combined treatment significantly delayed tumor growth, initiated cellular chromatin changes (including a decrease in the number of cytoplasmic organelles and fragmentation of condensed nuclear chromatin), inhibited tumor angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis, stopped cancer-cell proliferation, decreased MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression levels and caused cancer-cell apoptosis. In the in vitro case, the combined treatment produced cancer cell-shape irregularity in a manner seriously fractured microvilli, inhibited cancer-cell migratory and invasion activities, and induced cancer-cell apoptosis. Because the combined treatment did not increase intracellular ROS production, scutellarin is not a sonosensitizer so that the anticancer effect is not through sonodynamic therapy. Low-intensity ultrasound is merely increasing the permeability of scutellarin into cancer cells. Based on our results, one may perform localized chemotherapy using much reduced dosage of the drug with the help of low intensity ultrasound, which will greatly minimize side effects. HubMed – drug