Statin-Associated Polymyositis Following Omeprazole Treatment.

Statin-Associated Polymyositis Following Omeprazole Treatment.

Clin Med Res. 2013 Apr 11;
Kanth R, Shah MS, Flores RM

Statins are an extensively used class of drugs, and myopathy is an uncommon, but well-described side effect of statin therapy. Inflammatory myopathies, including polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and necrotizing autoimmune myopathy, are even rarer, but debilitating, side effects of statin therapy that are characterized by the persistence of symptoms even after discontinuation of the drug. It is important to differentiate statin-associated inflammatory myopathies from other self-limited myopathies, as the disease often requires multiple immunosuppressive therapies. Drug interactions increase the risk of statin-associated toxic myopathy, but no risk factors for statin-associated inflammatory myopathies have been established. Here we describe a male, aged 59-years, who had been treated with a combination of atorvastatin and gemfibrozil for approximately 5 years and developed polymyositis after treatment with omeprazole for 7 months. Symptoms did not resolve after discontinuation of the atorvastatin, gemfibrozil, and omeprazole. The patient was treated with prednisone and methotrexate followed by intravenous immunoglobulin, which resulted in normalization of creatinine kinase levels and resolution of symptoms after 14 weeks. It is unclear if polymyositis was triggered by interaction of the statin with omeprazole and/or gemfibrozil, or if it developed secondary to long-term use of atorvastatin only. HubMed – drug


A Proposal Regarding Reporting of in Vitro Testing Results.

Clin Cancer Res. 2013 Apr 11;
Smith MA, Houghton PJ

The high rate of negative clinical trials and failed drug development programs calls into question the utility of preclinical testing as currently practiced. An important issue for the in vitro testing of agents that have advanced into the clinic is the use of clinically irrelevant concentrations in reports making claims for anticancer activity, as illustrated by publications for sorafenib, vorinostat, and metformin. For sorafenib, high protein binding leads to a dichotomy between concentrations active in the 10% serum conditions commonly used for in vitro testing and concentrations active in plasma. Failure to recognize this distinction leads to inappropriate claims of activity for sorafenib based on the micromolar concentrations commonly used for in vitro testing in low serum conditions. For vorinostat and metformin, results using in vitro concentrations higher than those achievable in patients are reported despite the availability of publications describing human pharmacokinetic data for each agent. We encourage journal editors and reviewers to pay greater attention to clinically relevant concentrations when considering reports that include in vitro testing of agents for which human pharmacokinetic data are available. Steps taken to more carefully scrutinize activity claims based on in vitro results can help direct researchers away from clinically irrelevant lines of research and toward lines of research that are more likely to lead to positive clinical trials and to improved treatments for cancer patients. HubMed – drug



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