Restorative Therapies to Enhance Sensorimotor Recovery Following Cerebral Ischemia.

Restorative therapies to enhance sensorimotor recovery following cerebral ischemia.

Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars). 2013; 73(1): 66-78
Ortega FJ, Jolkkonen J

The development of therapies that aim to facilitate functional recovery has identified potential approaches in stroke research. The main advantage of restorative therapies is their delayed administration after acute necrotic cell death, when the treatment can be combined with intensive rehabilitation and medication for poststroke complications to further enhance therapeutic benefit. Emerging understanding of brain repair and plasticity mechanisms after cerebral insults has revealed novel therapeutic targets including the promotion of axonal sprouting, altered perilesional GABA and glutamate receptor signaling, and enhancement of angiogenesis and endogenous neurogenesis. Interestingly, it seems that intensive rehabilitative training such as constraint-induced movement therapy also acts through these brain repair mechanisms, which may have an additive impact on functional recovery. HubMed – rehab


Gross cerebellar paraneoplastic neurological disorder in a patient with an occult breast cancer.

BMJ Case Rep. 2013; 2013(apr16_1):
Poudel CK, Achar KN

Paraneoplastic neurological disorders are relatively rare conditions posing both diagnostic as well as therapeutic challenges. A previously fit 66-year-old woman presented with subtle cerebellar symptoms which progressed rapidly over the course of days. Chest x-ray and routine blood tests were unremarkable. CT of the head with contrast showed no abnormality. Lumbar puncture showed no evidence of infection or oligoclonal bands. She was transferred to a neurological centre from a remote and rural setting. Subsequent MRI was reported to be normal as well. Tumour markers were negative but the paraneoplastic anti-Yo antibody was positive. A whole body CT scan revealed a spiculated left breast lesion which turned out to be malignant on fine needle aspiration. She underwent left mastectomy, had plasmapharesis and received high-dose intravenous Ig for her paraneoplastic neurological symptoms. She remained neurologically stable and underwent rehabilitation in her local hospital before getting discharged home. HubMed – rehab


EULAR recommendations for the non-pharmacological core management of hip and knee osteoarthritis.

Ann Rheum Dis. 2013 Apr 17;
Fernandes L, Hagen KB, Bijlsma JW, Andreassen O, Christensen P, Conaghan PG, Doherty M, Geenen R, Hammond A, Kjeken I, Lohmander LS, Lund H, Mallen CD, Nava T, Oliver S, Pavelka K, Pitsillidou I, da Silva JA, de la Torre J, Zanoli G, Vliet Vlieland TP

The objective was to develop evidence -based recommendations and a research and educational agenda for the non-pharmacological management of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA). The multidisciplinary task force comprised 21 experts: nurses, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, rheumatologists, orthopaedic surgeons, general practitioner, psychologist, dietician, clinical epidemiologist and patient representatives. After a preliminary literature review, a first task force meeting and five Delphi rounds, provisional recommendations were formulated in order to perform a systematic review. A literature search of Medline and eight other databases was performed up to February 2012. Evidence was graded in categories I-IV and agreement with the recommendations was determined through scores from 0 (total disagreement) to 10 (total agreement). Eleven evidence-based recommendations for the non-pharmacological core management of hip and knee OA were developed, concerning the following nine topics: assessment, general approach, patient information and education, lifestyle changes, exercise, weight loss, assistive technology and adaptations, footwear and work. The average level of agreement ranged between 8.0 and 9.1. The proposed research agenda included an overall need for more research into non-pharmacological interventions for hip OA, moderators to optimise individualised treatment, healthy lifestyle with economic evaluation and long-term follow-up, and the prevention and reduction of work disability. Proposed educational activities included the required skills to teach, initiate and establish lifestyle changes. The 11 recommendations provide guidance on the delivery of non-pharmacological interventions to people with hip or knee OA. More research and educational activities are needed, particularly in the area of lifestyle changes. HubMed – rehab


[Lymphedema: Anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology of lymphedema, definition and classification of lymphedema and lymphatic vascular malformations.]

Wien Med Wochenschr. 2013 Apr 18;
Döller W

Lymphedema is a chronic disease associated with a congenital or acquired disorder of the lymphatic vessels or lymph nodes. Untreated lymphedema can lead to complications and disability. Clinical Lymphology deals not only with lymphedema of the extremities but also of the head, the genitals and the internal organs (lymphostatic enteropathy, chylaskos, chylothorax, chylopericard etc). Symptoms of this disorder are often misdiagnosed or not recognized. Ignorance and trivialization of lymphedema causes insufficient treatment, which then is not carried out to the extent as it is possible today by scientific findings. Even today delayed or not optimal treatment causes a long ordeal for many patients.The fact that lymphedema for those affected is a major psychological and social burden, which is limiting the quality of life, has also often been unregarded. The knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology as well as the knowledge of causes are necessary for diagnosis, so that early treatment can be initiated. HubMed – rehab