Effects and Linguistic Analysis of Written Traumatic Emotional Disclosure in an Eating-Disordered Population.

Effects and Linguistic Analysis of Written Traumatic Emotional Disclosure in an Eating-Disordered Population.

Perm J. 2013; 17(1): 16-20
Gamber AM, Lane-Loney S, Levine MP

In previous studies, writing about traumatic life events produced positive physical and psychological outcomes in various populations. Specific linguistic trends, such as increasing insight and cognitive words, have paralleled health benefits.This study explored the effects of written traumatic emotional disclosure on eating disorder behavior and cognitions as well as linguistic dimensions of the disclosure writings completed by eating-disordered patients.Twenty-nine female patients, aged 16 to 39 years, from the Penn State Hershey Eating Disorders partial-hospitalization program participated. Twenty-five subjects completed a traumatic disclosure or control writing task, and 21 completed all writings and baseline and follow-up questionnaires to assess eating-disorder symptoms, emotional regulation strategies, self-efficacy, and motivation to change eating-disorder behaviors. The handwritten essays were transcribed into a word-processed document and analyzed on numerous dimensions using the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count software.Individuals completing the disclosure writing did not differ from those in the control task group on any of the questionnaires at follow-up. However, the disclosure group did use more negative emotion, insight, cognitive, function, and filler words on all writing days along with decrease of tentative words. These changes in word use correlated with previous study findings.Whereas the expected linguistic trends were evident in the disclosure group writings, no correlating health benefits could be found between the disclosure and control groups. Eating-disordered populations, often alexithymic, may have difficulty engaging with the disclosure task and could potentially benefit from guidance in processing traumatic events and their affective states. HubMed – eating


Unusual cause of small intestine obstruction in a child: Small intestine anisakiasis: report of a case.

Scott Med J. 2013 Feb; 58(1): e32-e36
Juric I, Pogorelic Z, Despot R, Mrklic I

Introduction Anisakiasis is caused by human infection by the anisakis larvae, a marine nematode found in undercooked or raw fish. Infection with the parasite Anisakis simplex is common in Japan and northern European countries. With the increased popularity of eating sushi and raw fish infection with anisakis is expected to rise. Case presentation We present the case of a 14-year-old boy who had eaten sushi 3 days before the onset of symptoms and had small bowel obstruction caused by enteric anisakiasis. To the best of our knowledge this is the first reported case of intestinal anisakiasis presenting as a bowel obstruction in a child. Conclusion Enteric anisakiasis is very rare, and its diagnosis is usually made after laparotomy. Nevertheless, when signs of acute abdomen develop after the ingestion of raw fish, such as sushi or sashimi, the possibility of enteric anisakiasis should be considered. HubMed – eating


Eating People Is Wrong … or How We Decide Morally What to Eat.

J Bioeth Inq. 2013 Apr 18;
Ashby MA, Rich LE

HubMed – eating


In the Wake of the 2003 and 2011 Duty Hours Regulations, How Do Internal Medicine Interns Spend Their Time?

J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Apr 18;
Block L, Habicht R, Wu AW, Desai SV, Wang K, Silva KN, Niessen T, Oliver N, Feldman L

BACKGROUND: The 2003 and 2011 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) common program requirements compress busy inpatient schedules and increase intern supervision. At the same time, interns wrestle with the effects of electronic medical record systems, including documentation needs and availability of an ever-increasing amount of stored patient data. OBJECTIVE: In light of these changes, we conducted a time motion study to determine how internal medicine interns spend their time in the hospital. DESIGN: Descriptive, observational study on inpatient ward rotations at two internal medicine residency programs at large academic medical centers in Baltimore, MD during January, 2012. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine interns at the two residency programs. MAIN MEASURES: The primary outcome was percent of time spent in direct patient care (talking with and examining patients). Secondary outcomes included percent of time spent in indirect patient care, education, and miscellaneous activities (eating, sleeping, and walking). Results were analyzed using multilevel regression analysis adjusted for clustering at the observer and intern levels. KEY RESULTS: Interns were observed for a total of 873 hours. Interns spent 12 % of their time in direct patient care, 64 % in indirect patient care, 15 % in educational activities, and 9 % in miscellaneous activities. Computer use occupied 40 % of interns’ time. There was no significant difference in time spent in these activities between the two sites. CONCLUSIONS: Interns today spend a minority of their time directly caring for patients. Compared with interns in time motion studies prior to 2003, interns in our study spent less time in direct patient care and sleeping, and more time talking with other providers and documenting. Reduced work hours in the setting of increasing complexity of medical inpatients, growing volume of patient data, and increased supervision may limit the amount of time interns spend with patients. HubMed – eating



Eating Disorders Coalition – Fall 2010 Briefing Part 2: Wendy Oliver-Pyatt, MD – “How Obesity Prevention Can Trigger Eating Disorders: Why We Need to Address Both in Tandem” September 10, 2010 Eating Disorders Coalition Congressional Brie…