Rehab Centers: Facilitating Implementation of the Translational Research Pipeline in Neurological Rehabilitation.

Facilitating implementation of the translational research pipeline in neurological rehabilitation.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Curr Opin Neurol. 2012 Oct 4;
Oborn E

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Knowledge translation is a growing area of specialisation. This review summarises the field perspectives and highlights recent work that has particular relevance to neurological rehabilitation. RECENT FINDINGS: Research in knowledge translation can usefully be organised into three overlapping perspectives, namely a linear transfer of codified knowledge, a social interaction perspective, or a multilevel implementation perspective that incorporates contextual factors. Although systematic reviews remain foundational in supporting knowledge translation, they often lack structured updating and can be problematic to implement in complex cases. Knowledge brokers play an important role in evidence use; these may be managers or administrators of rehabilitation services. Organisational support that sustains and structures knowledge brokering roles has been found lacking. Numerous contextual factors influence knowledge translation, including leadership, fidelity monitoring, and divergent stakeholder perspectives. Integrative frameworks have been developed that consolidate the multiple contingencies. SUMMARY: Knowledge translation is a complex process with an incomplete knowledge base; its uniprofessional focus is particularly limiting for neurological rehabilitation. Developing accessible systematic reviews remains central, as well as supporting knowledge brokers, being aware of stakeholder absorptive capacity in developing translational strategies and using integrative frameworks to guide knowledge translation for complex interventions.
HubMed – rehab


Contribution of a winged phlebotomy device design to blood splatter.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2012 Nov; 33(11): 1069-76
Haiduven DJ, McGuire-Wolfe C, Applegarth SP

Background.?Despite a proliferation of phlebotomy devices with engineered sharps injury protection (ESIP), the impact of various winged device designs on blood splatter occurring during venipuncture procedures has not been explored. Objectives.?To evaluate the potential for blood splatter of 6 designs of winged phlebotomy devices. Design.?A laboratory-based device evaluation without human subjects, using a simulated patient venous system. Methods.?We evaluated 18 winged phlebotomy devices of 6 device designs by Terumo, BD Vacutainer (2 designs), Greiner, Smith Medical, and Kendall (designated A-F, respectively). Scientific filters were positioned around the devices and weighed before and after venipuncture was performed. Visible blood on filters, exam gloves, and devices and measurable blood splatter were the primary units of analysis. Results.?The percentages of devices and gloves with visible blood on them and filters with measurable blood splatter ranged from 0% to 20%. There was a statistically significant association between device design and visible blood on devices ([Formula: see text]) and between device design and filters with measurable blood splatter ([Formula: see text]), but not between device design and visible blood on gloves. A wide range of associations were demonstrated between device design and visible blood on gloves or devices and incidence of blood splatter. Conclusions.?The results of this evaluation suggest that winged phlebotomy devices with ESIP may produce blood splatter during venipuncture. Reinforcing the importance of eye protection and developing a methodology to assess ocular exposure to blood splatter are major implications for healthcare personnel who use these devices. Future studies should focus on evaluating different designs of intravascular devices (intravenous catheters, other phlebotomy devices) for blood splatter.
HubMed – rehab


Impact of disability status on ischemic stroke costs in Canada in the first year.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Can J Neurol Sci. 2012 Nov; 39(6): 793-800
Mittmann N, Seung SJ, Hill MD, Phillips SJ, Hachinski V, Coté R, Buck BH, Mackey A, Gladstone DJ, Howse DC, Shuaib A, Sharma M

Background: Longitudinal, patient-level data on resource use and costs after an ischemic stroke are lacking in Canada. The objectives of this analysis were to calculate costs for the first year post-stroke and determine the impact of disability on costs. Methodology: The Economic Burden of Ischemic Stroke (BURST) Study was a one-year prospective study with a cohort of ischemic stroke patients recruited at 12 Canadian stroke centres. Clinical history, disability, health preference and resource utilization information was collected at discharge, three months, six months and one year. Resources included direct medical costs (2009 CAN$ ) such as emergency services, hospitalizations, rehabilitation, physician services, diagnostics, medications, allied health professional services, homecare, medical/assistive devices, changes to residence and paid caregivers, as well as indirect costs. Results were stratified by disability measured at discharge using the modified Rankin Score (mRS): non-disabling stroke (mRS 0-2) and disabling stroke (mRS 3-5). Results: We enrolled 232 ischemic stroke patients (age 69.4 ± 15.4 years; 51.3% male) and 113 (48.7%) were disabled at hospital discharge. The average annual cost was $ 74,353; $ 107,883 for disabling strokes and $ 48,339 for non-disabling strokes. Conclusions: An average annual cost for ischemic stroke was calculated in which a disabling stroke was associated with a two-fold increase in costs compared to NDS. Costs during the hospitalization to three months phase were the highest contributor to the annual cost. A “back of the envelope” calculation using 38,000 stroke admissions and the average annual cost yields $ 2.8 billion as the burden of ischemic stroke.
HubMed – rehab


Find More Rehab Centers Information…