Rehab Centers: Evidence Based Rehabilitation in Chronic Pain Syndromes.

Evidence based rehabilitation in chronic pain syndromes.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Agri. 2012 Jul; 24(3): 97-103
Akyüz G, Ozkök O

Chronic pain syndrome (CPS) is a complex condition that presents a major challenge to physicians because of its unknown etiology and poor response to all kinds of therapies. It has been suggested that chronicity should be considered when pain persists longer than the acceptable healing time. The impact of chronic pain on patients’ lives varies from minor limitations to complete loss of independence. The rehabilitation in CPSs is multi-disciplinary and involves physical, occupational, and manual therapy, aquatherapy, cognitive/behavioral therapy, biofeedback, psychotherapy, and some new therapies. In recent years, the point of view in chronic pain management has changed substantially and CPS is managed best with a multidisciplinary approach, including a rehabilitative process. The treatment protocol should be planned and modified individually. A combination of several methods has been tried, but long-term evidence-based studies are needed for new treatment modalities.
HubMed – rehab


Treatment of Post-Traumatic Cognitive Impairments.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2012 Aug 7;
Wortzel HS, Arciniegas DB

OPINION STATEMENT: • Cognitive impairment is a common consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and a substantial source of disability. Across all levels of TBI severity, attention, processing speed, episodic memory, and executive function are most commonly affected.• The differential diagnosis for post-traumatic cognitive impairments is broad, and includes emotional, behavioral, and physical problems as well as substance use disorders, medical conditions, prescribed and self-administered medications, and symptom elaboration. Thorough neuropsychiatric assessment for such problems is a prerequisite to treatments specifically targeting cognitive impairments.• First-line treatments for post-traumatic cognitive impairments are nonpharmacologic, including education, realistic expectation setting, environmental and lifestyle modifications, and cognitive rehabilitation.• Pharmacotherapies for post-traumatic cognitive impairments include uncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA) antagonists, medications that directly or indirectly augment cerebral catecholaminergic or acetylcholinergic function, or agents with combinations of these properties.• In the immediate post-injury period, treatment with uncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonists reduces duration of unconsciousness. The mechanism for this effect may involve attenuation of neurotrauma-induced glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity and/or stabilization of glutamate signaling in the injured brain.• During the subacute or late post-injury periods, medications that augment cerebral acetylcholinergic function may improve declarative memory. Among responders to this treatment, secondary benefits on attention, processing speed, and executive function impairments as well as neuropsychiatric disturbances may be observed. During these post-injury periods, medications that augment cerebral catecholaminergic function may improve hypoarousal, processing speed, attention, and/or executive function as well as comorbid depression or apathy.• When medications are used, a “start-low, go-slow, but go” approach is encouraged, coupled with frequent reassessment of benefits and side effects as well as monitoring for drug-drug interactions. Titration to either beneficial effect or medication intolerance should be completed before discontinuing a treatment or augmenting partial responses with additional medications.
HubMed – rehab


Strategies to Augment Recovery After Stroke.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2012 Aug 3;
Chollet F, Albucher JF

OPINION STATEMENT: The improvement of recovery after stroke remains one of the main priorities for patients with stroke. Acute de-occlusion of the artery should improve patient outcome and recovery. Recent data and meta-analysis confirmed the efficacy of IV thrombolysis when administered to selected patients less than 4.5 hours after the onset of ischemic stroke even in patients aged?>?80 years. IV thrombolysis with rTPA is currently the only validated treatment for the acute phase of ischemic stroke. This has lead to a major public health effort to create stroke treatment units in developed countries. Mechanical thrombectomy is not yet validated despite major support from clinicians and the industry overall. Many other treatment options are currently being tested in various other therapeutic areas. Some data show clearly that some of these options are now close to clinical significance: specific and adapted rehabilitation procedures that will include a rationale in patients’ care management, use of monoaminergic drugs like SSRIs with improvement of motor recovery through a specific action on cortical excitability, cortical stimulation or inhibition with magnetic or electric techniques with the aim of modifying functional inter cortical balance and connections, and clinical and bio markers of recovery that would help to ensure appropriate individual care of each patient. Finally, repair therapies with the aim of restoring the brain-damaged networks could be useful in patients with persistent severe deficits. Several classes are under study for brain repair, including the use of stem cells, growth factors, and small molecules, but these are still at a preclinical level of development.
HubMed – rehab


Domain-specific trends in cognitive impairment after acute ischaemic stroke.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

J Neurol. 2012 Aug 3;
Hurford R, Charidimou A, Fox Z, Cipolotti L, Werring DJ

Little is known about the pattern of subacute cognitive domain impairments after ischaemic stroke, nor the temporal evolution of such impairments. Our objective was to investigate the pattern of cognitive impairment in different neuropsychological domains up to a year after ischaemic stroke. We included prospectively collected data from an observational database of stroke patients at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square, London, UK. Patients were categorised into temporal groups according to the time between the index stroke and neuropsychological profiling. The prevalence of impairment in different cognitive domains was then compared between these categories. The final cohort consisted of 209 patients. Frontal executive function, perceptual and nominal skills all showed a strong trend, with levels of impairment of approximately 30 % at <1 month and less than half this at >3 months (p < 0.05). Speed and attention was the most impaired domain, but had the greatest trend for decreasing impairment, from 72.4 % acutely to 37.9 % after 3 months (p < 0.01). By contrast, we found that impairment in visual and verbal memory showed no statistically significant change over time. Our results suggest a domain-specific improvement in cognition after ischaemic stroke. Early assessments may overestimate longer term cognitive deficits, particularly in speed and attention and perceptual functions. The domain-specific improvement patterns may help to inform long-term rehabilitation plans, which should not be based solely on cognitive assessments undertaken within the first month after stroke. HubMed – rehab



Rehab Centers PA | PA Drug Rehab | Rehab Centers PA – Rehab Centers PA help you get you life back. PA Drug Rehab help people in getting detox in PA, recovery PA, sober living PA and much more. Call now the number given in the video or go to our website


Find More Rehab Centers Information…