Psychological Distress in Survivors of the 2010 Haiti Earthquake.

Psychological distress in survivors of the 2010 Haiti earthquake.

Einstein (Sao Paulo). 2013 Mar; 11(1): 11-14
Guimaro MS, Steinman M, Kernkraut AM, Santos OF, Lacerda SS

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of depression and anxiety symptoms in survivors of the Haiti earthquake who were assisted by a healthcare team from the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, and to evaluate the impact that losing a family member during this catastrophe could have on the development of these symptoms. METHODS: Forty survivors of the Haiti earthquake who were assisted by the healthcare team between February and March of 2010 were included in this study. All subjects underwent a semi-structured interview. The group was divided into Group A (individuals who had some death in the family due to the disaster) and Group B (those who did not lose any family member). RESULTS: A total of 55% of the subjects had depression symptoms whereas 40% had anxiety symptoms. The individuals who lost a family member were five times more likely to develop anxiety and depression symptoms than those who did not. CONCLUSION: Catastrophe victims who lost at least one family member due to the disaster were more likely to develop anxiety and depression symptoms. To these individuals, as well as others showing psychological distress, should be offered early mental health care to help them cope with the great emotional distress inherent in these situations. HubMed – depression


Elderly hypertensives show decreased cognitive performance compared with elderly normotensives.

Arq Bras Cardiol. 2013 Apr 12;
Matoso JM, Santos WB, Moreira ID, Lourenço RA, Correia ML

BACKGROUND: Essential hypertension has been associated with decreased cognitive performance; however, the literature is conflicting. OBJECTIVE: This study aims at comparing cognitive performance between elderly normotensives (“N”; n = 17; age 68 ± 1; blood pressure = 133 ± 3/74 ±2 mmHg) and hypertensives (“H”; n = 28; age 69 ± 1, blood pressure = 148 ± 4/80 ± 1mmHg) with at least 5 years of education. METHODS: The comprehensive neuropsychological assessment was comprised of the Cambridge Cognition-Revised (CAMCOG-R), the Trail Making Test A and B (TMT A and B) and the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT). RESULTS: Elderly hypertensives presented lower CAMCOG-R global scores (N = 87.6 ± 1.8; H = 78.6 ± 1.4; p = 0.002). The hypertensive’s performance was slower in the TMT A and B (TMT A: N = 39 ± 3s; H = 57 ± 3s; p = 0.001; TMT B: N = 93 ± 7s; H = 124 ± 7s; p = 0.006), which was also reflected in smaller percentiles achieved by hypertensives in these tests. Hypertensive subjects exhibited a significantly lower RAVLT summation score (N = 51.8 ± 1.7; H = 40.7 ± 1.5; p < 0.0001). Even when adjusted for age, sex, education and depression symptoms, hypertension was an independent predictor of cognitive performance as measured by CAMCOG-R global score, TMT A and RAVLT summation score. CONCLUSION: Cognitive performance is lower in elderly hypertensives as compared with elderly normotensives. HubMed – depression


Risk factors for suicidal ideation of the general population.

J Korean Med Sci. 2013 Apr; 28(4): 602-7
Bae SM, Lee YJ, Cho IH, Kim SJ, Im JS, Cho SJ

The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors of suicide ideation in general population. A total of 1,116 adults were sampled with randomization in an urban area. After excluding 116 participants due to incomplete answer, 1,000 participants (500 males; mean age 39.6 ± 11.6) completed self-report questionnaire including the Center for Epidemiologic Study Depression Scale (CES-D), the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSI), the Spielberger State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI), the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS), and questions on weekday sleep duration. Results showed higher scores on the BSI were related with higher scores on the STAXI, CES-D, a family history of psychiatric illness, and short or long sleep duration (? 5 or ? 10 hr) (adjusted R (2) = 0.151, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P = 0.001, and P = 0.008, respectively). The predictive power of the STAXI scores, the presence of psychiatric family history and short or long sleep duration was stronger in the high CES-D group with scores of 16 or higher (adjusted R (2) = 0.275, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, and P < 0.001, respectively). These findings suggest that suicide idea in general population may be related with the presence of family history for psychiatric illness, depressive mood, high anger and short or long sleep duration. HubMed – depression


Exploiting the Role of Resveratrol in Rat Mitochondrial Permeability Transition.

J Membr Biol. 2013 Apr 12;
Zhang Y, Tian F, Xiao Q, Hu Y, Li J, Jiang F, Liu Y

Resveratrol (RSV), a natural polyphenolic antioxidant, has been considered an anticarcinogenic agent as it triggers tumor cell apoptosis through activation of the mitochondrial pathway. In our study, the effects of RSV on mitochondria, especially on the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) process, were investigated by multiple methods. We found that RSV induced a collapse of membrane potential and matrix swelling related to MPT. We further demonstrated that Ca(2+) was necessary for this RSV-induced MPT opening. In addition, RSV induced the inner membrane permeabilization to H(+) and K(+), the depression of respiration and changes in membrane fluidity. The results suggested that RSV-induced MPT was accompanied by mitochondrial dysfunction. But the prohibition on lipid peroxidation and different effects of low- and high-dose RSV on membrane fluidity and respiration showed that the interaction of RSV and the mitochondria could not be the result of a single simple mechanism. HubMed – depression