Oral Rehabilitation: A Case-Based Approach.

Oral rehabilitation: a case-based approach.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Br Dent J. 2012 Oct 26; 213(8): 428
Amin F

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Effects of Tai Chi training on exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure: a meta-analysis.

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Eur J Heart Fail. 2012 Oct 25;
Pan L, Yan J, Guo Y, Yan J

AimWhether Tai Chi (TC) is effective in the cardiac rehabilitation of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) remains controversial. We performed a meta-analysis to examine the effects of TC on exercise capacity and quality of life (QoL) in CHF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched (up to May 2012) for relevant studies. Studies including participants with reduced left ventricular systolic function (ejection fraction ?45%) were selected. Interventions considered were TC with or without comparisons (education or usual care). Weighted mean differences (WMDs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated, and heterogeneity was assessed using the I(2) test. Four randomized controlled trials (RCTs) (n = 242) met the inclusion criteria. TC significantly improved QoL (WMD -14.54 points; 95% CI -23.45 to -5.63). TC was not associated with a significant reduction in N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (WMD -61.16 pg/mL; 95% CI -179.27 to 56.95), systolic blood pressure (WMD -1.06 mmHg; 95% CI -13.76 to 11.63), diastolic blood pressure (WMD -0.08 mmHg; 95% CI -3.88 to 3.73), improved 6 min walking distance (WMD 46.73 m; 95% CI -1.62 to 95.09), or peak oxygen uptake (WMD 0.19 mL/kg/min; 95% CI -0.74 to 1.13). CONCLUSIONS: TC may improve QoL in patients with CHF and could be considered for inclusion in cardiac rehabilitation programmes. However, there is currently a lack of evidence to support TC altering other important clinical outcomes. Further larger RCTs are urgently needed to investigate the effects of TC.
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Spatial Overlap of Combined Electroacoustic Stimulation Determines the Electrically Evoked Response in the Guinea Pig Cochlea.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Otol Neurotol. 2012 Oct 24;
Stronks HC, Prijs VF, Chimona TS, Grolman W, Klis SF

HYPOTHESIS: Limiting spatial overlap between electrical stimulation (ES) and acoustical stimulation (AS) in the cochlea reduces the effects of AS on electrically evoked auditory nerve activity. BACKGROUND: Some hybrid cochlear implant systems have a regular array, whereas others have short arrays that spatially segregate ES from AS. AS settings in hybrid implants may also affect electroacoustic interaction. METHODS: ES (900 ?A) was delivered in the high-frequency part of the cochlea, and the electrically evoked compound action potential (eCAP) was recorded to assess auditory nerve activity. Maximal spatial overlap of ES and AS was tested by using normal-hearing animals (NH, n = 6), whereas minimal overlap was modeled by using animals with high-frequency hearing loss (HFHL, n = 6). AS consisted of broadband (BB) or low-frequency (LF) noise (0-100 dB SPL). Effects of AS on eCAP amplitude were statistically tested using 1-sample t tests (? = 0.05). RESULTS: BB noise at 60 dB SPL significantly suppressed eCAP amplitude in NH animals but not in HFHL animals up to a 30 dB higher level. Suppression with LF noise at 60 dB SPL was not significant in either the NH or the HFHL group, but at 90 dB SPL, suppression was significant in both groups. CONCLUSION: Minimizing spatial overlap between ES and AS reduces eCAP suppression when moderate sound levels are applied. Overlap can be reduced by applying ES in an acoustically insensitive part of the cochlea or by limiting the acoustic spectrum to low frequencies when ES is applied in acoustically sensitive areas.
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Neuropsychiatric Symptoms and the Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

PM R. 2012 Oct 23;
Purohit MP, Wells RE, Zafonte RD, Davis RB, Phillips RS

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by U.S. adults reporting neuropsychiatric symptoms and whether this prevalence changes based on the number of symptoms reported. Additional objectives include identifying patterns of CAM use, reasons for use, and disclosure of use with conventional providers in U.S. adults with neuropsychiatric symptoms. DESIGN: Secondary database analysis of a prospective survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 23,393 U.S. adults from the 2007 National Health Interview Survey. METHODS: We compared CAM use between adults with and without neuropsychiatric symptoms. Symptoms included self-reported anxiety, depression, insomnia, headaches, memory deficits, attention deficits, and excessive sleepiness. CAM use was defined as use of mind-body therapies (eg, meditation), biological therapies (eg, herbs), or manipulation therapies (eg, massage) or alternative medical systems (eg, Ayurveda). Statistical analysis included bivariable comparisons and multivariable logistical regression analyses. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The prevalence of CAM use among adults with neuropsychiatric symptoms within the previous 12 months and the comparison of CAM use between those with and without neuropsychiatric symptoms. RESULTS: Adults with neuropsychiatric symptoms had a greater prevalence of CAM use compared with adults who did not have neuropsychiatric symptoms (43.8% versus 29.7%, P < .001); this prevalence increased with an increasing number of symptoms (trend, P < .001). Differences in the likelihood of CAM use as determined by the number of symptoms persisted after we adjusted for covariates. Twenty percent of patients used CAM because standard treatments were either too expensive or ineffective, and 25% used CAM because it was recommended by a conventional provider. Adults with at least one neuropsychiatric symptom were more likely to disclose the use of CAM to a conventional provider (47.9% versus 39.0%, P < .001). CONCLUSION: More than 40% of adults with neuropsychiatric symptoms commonly observed in many diagnoses use CAM; an increasing number of symptoms was associated with an increased likelihood of CAM use. HubMed – rehab


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