Effect of Tobacco Use on Arterial Stiffness in Community Dwelling Females.

Effect of tobacco use on arterial stiffness in community dwelling females.

Filed under: Addiction Rehab

J Assoc Physicians India. 2012 Jul; 60: 20-3
Jain S, Mathur S, Mathur A, Mathur S, Agarwal H, Dubey T, Kulshresth M, Butoli J

The goal of this study was to investigate the changes in arterial stiffness by evaluation of arterial stiffness index and pulse wave velocity in community dwelling tobacco user females and to correlate those changes with duration of tobacco use, amount consumed and severity of addiction.This observational cohort study was conducted in Department of Medicine at Dr. S N Medical College, Jodhpur, comprised of 100 females, out of which 55 were community dwelling females using tobacco (cases) and 45 are age-sex matched healthy control group. Out of 55 tobacco user females 21 (38%) were smoker and 34 [62%] were smokeless tobacco user. Pulse wave velocity and arterial stiffness index were evaluated by means of an 8-channel real-time PC-based simultaneous acquisition and analysis system (Periscope).Average C-F PWV in tobacco user female was 1327 +/- 515.2 as compared to 796 +/- 157.3 in control and average ASI was 71 +/- 20.9 in tobacco user female as compared to 62 +/- 13.9 in control that is statistically significant (p < or = .05). Both C-F PWV and ASI were significantly higher in tobacco user than control. Average C-F PWV in smoker group is 1683 +/- 566.7 as compared to 1108 +/-387.9 in smokeless group. Average ASI is 76 +/- 22.9 in smoker group as compared to 66 +/- 18.9 in smokeless tobacco user group. Both C-F PWV and ASI were higher in smoker group than smokeless group that is statistically significant (P Value 0.0018).This study has demonstrated that PWV and ASI are increased in tobacco user females and they are independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity. Tobacco use either smoking or smokeless causes Atherovascular diseases. Smoking is more prone to increase atherosclerosis and cardiovascular morbidity in comparison to smokeless tobacco use. HubMed – addiction


[Anti-smoking counseling in a group of workers with past exposure to asbestos].

Filed under: Addiction Rehab

Med Lav. 2012 Nov-Dec; 103(6): 449-58
D’Agostin F, Negro C, Barbati G, De Zotti R

Anti-smoking counseling is often part of healthcare protocols for workers with past asbestos exposure; nevertheless, data is lacking about the results.To evaluate smoking habits and the effects of anti-smoking counseling in a group of workers with past asbestos exposure.Smoking was assessed in 671 subjects who voluntarily attended a health surveillance protocol. Fagerstrom’s and Richmond’s tests were used in order to estimate smokers’ addiction and their potential will to quit. Besides anti-smoking counseling, smokers were also offered a formal cessation programme.The mean age of the 671 subjects was 66 (DS = 7,9) years. The population consisted of 87 (13%) current smokers, 372 (55%) ex-smokers and 212 (32%) non smokers. According to Fagerstrom’s test results, only 10% of the smokers presented a strong/very strong addiction, while Richmond’s test results showed that 50% of the smokers had a strong/very strong will to quit. Only one smoker decided to join a cessation programme.The results of the study could present a bias, because volunteer-based protocols may promote the participation of self-motivated and health-sensitive subjects. This could be one of the reasons for the low prevalence of current smokers and high prevalence of ex-smokers. Anti-smoking counseling did not produce satisfactory effects because smokers were resistant to quitting smoking. Identification of anti-smoking counseling weak points may improve efficacy in health prevention controls made on subjects with past asbestos exposure.
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