Eating Disorders: Xerophthalmia in a Traditional Quran Boarding School in Sudan.

Xerophthalmia in a traditional quran boarding school in Sudan.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2012 Apr; 19(2): 190-3
Kheir AE, Dirar TO, Elhassan HO, Elshikh MA, Ahmed MB, Abbass MA, Idris SS

To determine the prevalence of xerophthalmia at a traditional boarding school where children do not receive a diet adequate in vitamin A.A cross-sectional survey of 406 males residing in a Quranic traditional school was conducted using the World Health Organization xerophthalmia checklist. The association between the prevalence of night blindness and proportion of students staying at the school for 6 consecutive months and those eating solely at the school was investigated. The difference in age between children with night blindness and those without was investigated. Statistical significance was indicated by P<0.05.The prevalence of night blindness, conjunctival xerosis and Bitot's spots was 24%, 12.5% and 1%, respectively. None of the boys had corneal ulceration, corneal scars and corneal xerosis. No significant association was observed between the differences in mean age and development of night blindness (P=0.657). There was a significant association between the duration of stay (cut-off of 6 months continuously) at the institute and the development of night blindness (P=0.023). There was no statistical significance between regularly eating at the maseed and outside the "maseed" and the development of night blindness (P=0.75).Children residing at a traditional school are vulnerable to developing xerophthalmia where the diet is inadequate in vitamin A. Institutional caregivers should be made aware of the importance of providing a balanced diet rich in vitamin A. Institutional caregivers should also be educated on the signs and symptoms of vitamin A deficiency for early detection of xerophthalmia. HubMed – eating


Obesity-Related Eating Behaviors Are Associated with Low Physical Activity and Poor Diet Quality in Spain.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

J Nutr. 2012 May 23;
Mesas AE, Guallar-Castillón P, León-Muñoz LM, Graciani A, López-García E, Gutiérrez-Fisac JL, Banegas JR, Rodríguez-Artalejo F

This study examined the association of obesity-related eating behaviors (OREB) with physical activity, sedentariness, and diet quality. Data were taken from a cross-sectional study in 10,791 persons representative of the Spanish population who were ?18 y of age in 2008-2010. The following self-reported information was collected on 12 OREB: not planning how much to eat before sitting down, not deciding the amount of food on the plate, skipping breakfast, eating precooked/canned food or snacks bought at vending machines or at fast-food restaurants, not choosing low-energy foods, not removing visible fat from meat or skin from chicken, eating while watching television or seated on a sofa or an armchair, and taking a short time for meals. Analyses were performed with linear or logistic regression, as appropriate, and adjusted for the main confounders. In comparison to participants with ?1 OREB, those with ?5 OREB performed less physical activity [?: -2.61 (95% CI: -4.44, -0.78 metabolic equivalent hours/wk); P-trend < 0.001] and spent more time watching television [?: 2.17 (95% CI: 1.39, 2.95 h/wk); P-trend < 0.001]; furthermore, they had greater total energy intake [?: 162.7 (95% CI: 114.3, 211.0 kcal/d); P-trend < 0.001] and were less likely to follow a Mediterranean diet [OR: 0.55 (95% CI: 0.41, 0.73); P-trend < 0.001]. In conclusion, the association between OREB and obesity is biologically plausible because OREB are associated with energy intake and poor accordance with the Mediterranean diet. Studies on the association between OREB and obesity should control for the confounding effect of physical activity and sedentariness. HubMed – eating


A Case of Adult Cannibalism in the Gray Mouse Lemur, Microcebus murinus.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Am J Primatol. 2012 May 23;
Hämäläinen A

Cannibalism, defined as the eating of conspecific flesh, has been observed in a number of primate species, although it is still a relatively rare phenomenon. In cases where primates were seen feeding on an individual of the same species, the victims have exclusively been infants or juveniles. Here, I report an event of a free-living, adult male gray mouse lemur, Microcebus murinus, cannibalizing an adult conspecific female that died of an unknown cause. This observation has implications for the basic ecology of the species and highlights the potential for great flexibility in diet and behavior by a primate. This is, to my knowledge, the first communication of cannibalistic behavior in this species, as well as the first reported case of a nonhuman primate cannibalizing an adult conspecific. Am. J. Primatol. 00:1-5, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
HubMed – eating


Physical self-concept and disturbed eating attitudes and behaviors in French athlete and non-athlete adolescent girls: Direct and indirect relations.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Body Image. 2012 May 21;
Monthuy-Blanc J, Maïano C, Morin AJ, Stephan Y

This study aims to investigate the direct and indirect associations between physical self-subdomains, physical self-worth, global self-worth, and disturbed eating attitudes and behaviors among French non-elite athlete and non-athlete adolescent girls. A sample of adolescent girls including 50 ballet dancers, 41 basketball players, and 47 non-athletes was used in this study. Data obtained from the ballet dancer and basketball player subsamples revealed significant, sample-specific as well as common, direct relations between global and physical self-perceptions and disturbed eating attitudes and behaviors, as well as significant indirect relations (via global self-worth and physical self-worth) between specific physical self-perceptions and disturbed eating attitudes and behaviors. In contrast, no association was found between global and physical self-perceptions in the sample of non-athlete adolescent girls.
HubMed – eating


Eating Disorders & Teens: Eating Disorders Aren't About Food

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Girls who immigrate to the United States from cultures that have only rare incidence of Eating Disorders quickly join the ranks of American teenage girls who succumb to anorexia nervosa or bulimia. This set of mental illnesses that have nothing to do …
Read more on Newsolio


Tyra Banks cheers Vogue for nixing too-thin models

Filed under: Eating Disorders

The model turned talk-show host is praising Vogue magazine for its recent pledge to stop using too skinny models or girls who appear to suffering from an eating disorder. The fashion tome will reportedly no longer feature models under the age of 16.
Read more on New York Daily News


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