Eating Disorders: Television-Viewing Time and Dietary Quality Among U.s. Children and Adults.

Television-viewing time and dietary quality among u.s. Children and adults.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Am J Prev Med. 2012 Aug; 43(2): 196-200
Sisson SB, Shay CM, Broyles ST, Leyva M

Greater TV-viewing time is generally associated with unhealthy dietary behaviors; however, few studies have examined associations between TV-viewing time and composite measures of dietary quality. Most studies have focused on energy intake or intake of specific foods. But overall dietary quality is important to health and weight status.To examine the relationship between TV-viewing time and dietary quality using a nationally representative U.S. sample.Participants in the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were included (analyses conducted in Fall 2011). Dietary quality was determined by Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2005 calculated from two 24-hour recalls. TV-viewing time was categorized as lower (?1 hour/day); moderate (2-3 hours/day); and higher (?4 hours/day; referent). Multivariate linear regression models were used to estimate the TV-viewing time and HEI-2005, adjusted for BMI (percentile for children aged 2-18 years); age; ethnicity; physical activity; and total energy intake. Analyses were conducted separately for gender-age groups (preschool=aged 2-5 years [n=1423]; school-aged=6-11 years [n=1749], adolescent=aged 12-18 years [n=3343], and adult=aged ?19 years [n=8222]).Lower TV-viewing time was associated with higher HEI-2005 (i.e., healthier diet) for all gender and age groups. Compared with higher TV-viewing time, in each case, HEI-2005 was higher in groups with low TV-viewing time, ranging from 47.0-52.3 in ?1 hour/day to 44.7-48.9 in ?4 hours/day (all p<0.05).Less time spent watching TV was associated with better dietary quality in U.S. children and adults. HubMed – eating


A synopsis of recent influential papers published in psychiatric journals (2010-2011) from the Arab World.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Asian J Psychiatr. 2012 Jun; 5(2): 175-8
Okasha T, Elkholy H

Six recent and influential papers that have appeared in the three leading psychiatry journals from the Arab region are summarized in this review. The first paper examined the prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) in rural and urban secondary school girls in Sharkia; more EDs were found among urban than rural population. The second study reported the high prevalence of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in primary school children in Iraq in context of the present situation in Iraq dominated by violence creating a traumatizing atmosphere for the population, especially children. The third paper reported that substance dependent patients manifest elevated traits of impulsivity; emotionally driven impulsivity in particular predicted substance related problems. The fourth study reported significant cognitive impairments at illness onset in a large sample of patients with a first psychotic episode. The fifth paper, investigated the cultural imprint on symptom profile of mood disorders. Culture effect on mood disorder was more prominent in depression than in mania. The last article examined the relations between social circumstances, medical morbidity, locus of control and depression in elderly patients suffering from medical conditions. Overall, the papers describe a wide spectrum of research initiatives in the Arab World that are likely to have implications for global mental health.
HubMed – eating


Neighborhood Disparities in Access to Healthy Foods and Their Effects on Environmental Justice.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Am J Public Health. 2012 Jul 19;
Hilmers A, Hilmers DC, Dave J

Environmental justice is concerned with an equitable distribution of environmental burdens. These burdens comprise immediate health hazards as well as subtle inequities, such as limited access to healthy foods. We reviewed the literature on neighborhood disparities in access to fast-food outlets and convenience stores. Low-income neighborhoods offered greater access to food sources that promote unhealthy eating. The distribution of fast-food outlets and convenience stores differed by the racial/ethnic characteristics of the neighborhood. Further research is needed to address the limitations of current studies, identify effective policy actions to achieve environmental justice, and evaluate intervention strategies to promote lifelong healthy eating habits, optimum health, and vibrant communities. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print July 19, 2012: e1-e10. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2012.300865).
HubMed – eating


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