Eating Disorders: Breastfeeding Is Associated With a Maternal Feeding Style Low in Control From Birth.

Breastfeeding is associated with a maternal feeding style low in control from birth.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

PLoS One. 2013; 8(1): e54229
Brown A, Lee M

The influence of maternal child-feeding style upon child weight and eating style for children over the age of twelve months is well established. However there is little empirical evidence examining maternal child-feeding style during milk feeding despite evidence that mothers who breastfeed exert lower levels of control over later diet. The aim of this paper was to examine variation in maternal child-feeding style during the first six months postpartum and to explore associations with mode of milk feeding and infant weight.The Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) is frequently used to measure maternal child-feeding style in preschool children. 390 mothers with an infant aged 0-6 months completed an adapted version of the CFQ to measure maternal child-feeding style during milk feeding. Participants reported breastfeeding duration, infant weight and perceived size.Principle components analysis of questionnaire items produced six factors; encouraging feeding, feeding to a routine, limiting intake, concern for weight, monitoring and perceived responsibility. Breastfeeding was associated with lower levels of control compared to formula feeding. Infant birth weight was significantly inversely associated with concern for weight, monitoring and encouraging feeding.Formula feeding is associated with greater maternal control of child-feeding from birth whilst a lower birth weight is linked to concerns for infant weight and pressure to eat. As early maternal child-feeding relationships may impact negatively upon longer term child weight and eating style, identifying variations in maternal feeding style and understanding the factors that influence this is pertinent.
HubMed – eating


Neural mechanisms of attentional control in mindfulness meditation.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Front Neurosci. 2013; 7: 8
Malinowski P

The scientific interest in meditation and mindfulness practice has recently seen an unprecedented surge. After an initial phase of presenting beneficial effects of mindfulness practice in various domains, research is now seeking to unravel the underlying psychological and neurophysiological mechanisms. Advances in understanding these processes are required for improving and fine-tuning mindfulness-based interventions that target specific conditions such as eating disorders or attention deficit hyperactivity disorders. This review presents a theoretical framework that emphasizes the central role of attentional control mechanisms in the development of mindfulness skills. It discusses the phenomenological level of experience during meditation, the different attentional functions that are involved, and relates these to the brain networks that subserve these functions. On the basis of currently available empirical evidence specific processes as to how attention exerts its positive influence are considered and it is concluded that meditation practice appears to positively impact attentional functions by improving resource allocation processes. As a result, attentional resources are allocated more fully during early processing phases which subsequently enhance further processing. Neural changes resulting from a pure form of mindfulness practice that is central to most mindfulness programs are considered from the perspective that they constitute a useful reference point for future research. Furthermore, possible interrelations between the improvement of attentional control and emotion regulation skills are discussed.
HubMed – eating


[Purging Disorder – a Distinct Diagnosis? Review about the Current State of Research.]

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol. 2013 Feb 4;
Koch S, Quadflieg N, Rief W, Fichter M

The article at hand reviews the current state of research of Purging Disorder (PurD). First, we report study results of comparisons between patients with PurD and controls and patients suffering from other established eating disorders. Then we present prevalence data and results of empirical classification studies and follow-up studies. Based on this, we discuss whether PurD meets the requirements of a distinct diagnosis. Despite some opposing results and outstanding research the article concludes that PurD as a diagnostic category offers the possibility to reduce the large and heterogeneous group of patients with the diagnosis “eating disorder not otherwise specified”.
HubMed – eating


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