Eating Disorders: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Binge Eating Disorder in a Patient With 2q21.1-q22.2 Deletion.

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and binge eating disorder in a patient with 2q21.1-q22.2 deletion.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Psychiatr Genet. 2012 Apr 18;
Porfirio MC, Lo-Castro A, Giana G, Giovinazzo S, Ouakil DP, Galasso C, Curatolo P

We report the case of a young male with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, eating problems and overweight, and mild mental retardation. Karyotype analysis detected an apparently balanced translocation: t(1;2)(p34.1;q21.1) de novo. Array comparative genomic hybridization analysis defined a de-novo cryptic deletion of 2q21.1-q22.2 bands. The deletion, here first associated with this complex phenotype, encompasses several genes with a putative role in different domains of behavioral control and neurocognitive functions; their deregulated expression may influence metabolic pathways and the role of dopamine in reward, explaining the complex psychiatric phenotype and the pharmacotherapy response described in our patient.
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Validity of the night eating questionnaire in children.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Int J Eat Disord. 2012 Apr 19;
Gallant AR, Lundgren J, Allison K, Stunkard AJ, Lambert M, O’Loughlin J, Lemieux S, Tremblay A, Drapeau V

OBJECTIVE: To measure the construct validity of the Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ) in children against a parent report of child night eating syndrome (NES) symptoms (NEQ report) and a 3-day dietary recall. METHOD: NEQ of 304 children from the QUALITY (QUébec Adipose and Lifestyle InvesTigation in Youth) cohort were compared to a parent report and 3-day dietary recall. RESULTS: Child NEQ scores were related to the parent NEQ report (? = 0.30 p < 0.0001) yet there were inconsistencies between responses concerning sleep troubles. Total child NEQ scores, but not parent NEQ report scores, were associated with dietary manifestations of NES such as increased evening (? = 0.20, p < .001) and reduced morning intake (?= -0.12, p < .05). DISCUSSION: The NEQ score is related to eating patterns of NES in children and is more informative than a parent report, specifically when used in conjunction with dietary recall. © 2012 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2012). HubMed – eating


What a Man Wants: Understanding the Challenges and Motivations to Physical Activity Participation and Healthy Eating in Middle-Aged Australian Men.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Am J Mens Health. 2012 Apr 19;
Caperchione CM, Vandelanotte C, Kolt GS, Duncan M, Ellison M, George E, Mummery WK

Little attention has been paid to the physical activity (PA) and nutrition behaviors of middle-aged men; thus, the aim of this study was to gather information and gain insight into the PA and nutrition behaviors of these men. Six focus group sessions were undertaken with middle-aged men (N = 30) from regional Australia to explore the challenges and motivations to PA participation and healthy eating. Men had a good understanding of PA and nutrition; however, this was sometimes confounded by inconsistent media messages. Work commitments and family responsibilities were barriers to PA, while poor cooking skills and abilities were barriers to healthy eating. Disease prevention, weight management, and being a good role model were motivators for PA and healthy eating. By understanding what a man wants, PA and nutrition interventions can be designed and delivered to meet the needs of this hard-to-reach population.
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Obesogenic neighborhood environments, child and parent obesity: the neighborhood impact on kids study.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Am J Prev Med. 2012 May; 42(5): e57-64
Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Frank LD, Couch SC, Zhou C, Colburn T, Cain KL, Chapman J, Glanz K

Identifying neighborhood environment attributes related to childhood obesity can inform environmental changes for obesity prevention.To evaluate child and parent weight status across neighborhoods in King County (Seattle metropolitan area) and San Diego County differing in GIS-defined physical activity environment (PAE) and nutrition environment (NE) characteristics.Neighborhoods were selected to represent high (favorable) versus low (unfavorable) on the two measures, forming four neighborhood types (low on both measures, low PAE/high NE, high PAE/low NE, and high on both measures). Weight and height of children aged 6-11 years and one parent (n=730) from selected neighborhoods were assessed in 2007-2009. Differences in child and parent overweight and obesity by neighborhood type were examined, adjusting for neighborhood-, family-, and individual-level demographics.Children from neighborhoods high on both environment measures were less likely to be obese (7.7% vs 15.9%, OR=0.44, p=0.02) and marginally less likely to be overweight (23.7% vs 31.7%, OR=0.67, p=0.08) than children from neighborhoods low on both measures. In models adjusted for parent weight status and demographic factors, neighborhood environment type remained related to child obesity (high vs low on both measures, OR=0.41, p<0.03). Parents in neighborhoods high on both measures (versus low on both) were marginally less likely to be obese (20.1% vs 27.7%, OR=0.66, p=0.08), although parent overweight did not differ by neighborhood environment. The lower odds of parent obesity in neighborhoods with environments supportive of physical activity and healthy eating remained in models adjusted for demographics (high vs low on the environment measures, OR=0.57, p=0.053).Findings support the proposed GIS-based definitions of obesogenic neighborhoods for children and parents that consider both physical activity and nutrition environment features. HubMed – eating


Supermodel Natalia Vodianova: “It's Better To Be Skinny Than Fat”

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Many of us fashion bloggers remember a CFDA panel in which she spoke candidly about her experience with eating disorders and unreasonable pressures in the modeling world. For context: At five-nine, she weighed only 106 pounds, her hair was thinning, …
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