Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation: FTIR and Raman Spectroscopic Investigations of a Norfloxacin/Carbopol934 Polymeric Suspension.

FTIR and Raman Spectroscopic Investigations of a Norfloxacin/Carbopol934 Polymeric Suspension.

Filed under: Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation

J Young Pharm. 2012 Jul; 4(3): 138-45
Sahoo S, Chakraborti C, Behera P, Mishra S

Till now very few formulations are available from which the drug is uniformly absorbed, so that the safe and effective blood level of norfloxacin could be maintained for a prolonged period. To fulfill this requirement, a controlled release mucoadhesive suspension was prepared by using a mucoadhesive carbopol934 polymer. The chemical interaction between norfloxacin and the polymer in formulation (prepared by an ultrasonication method) has been studied by FTIR and Raman spectroscopy. From the spectral interpretation, it has been found that in formulation, the carboxylic groups of norfloxacin and hydroxyl groups of carbopol934 undergo chemical interaction, leading to esterification and hydrogen bonding. The formation of micellies due to esterification and hydrogen bonding causes more drug entrapment and a stable formulation. From this it can be concluded that the formulation of norfloxacin may give a better controlled release and mucoadhesive action in the gastrointestinal tract. Hence, carbopol934 could be considered as an effective carrier for norfloxacin.
HubMed – drug


Preparation and evaluation of montelukast sodium loaded solid lipid nanoparticles.

Filed under: Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation

J Young Pharm. 2012 Jul; 4(3): 129-37
Priyanka K, Sathali AA

Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) are an alternative carrier system used to load the drug for targeting, to improve the bioavailability by increasing its solubility, and protecting the drug from presystemic metabolism. The avoidance of presystemic metabolism is due to the nano-metric size range, so that the liver cannot uptake the drug from the delivery system and is not metabolized by the liver. Montelukast sodium is an anti-asthmatic drug, because of its poor oral bioavailability, presystemic metabolism, and decreased half-life; it was chosen to formulate as the solid lipid nanoparticle (SLN) system by hot homogenization followed by an ultrasonication method, to overcome the above. Compritol ATO 888, stearic acid, and glyceryl monostearate were used as a lipid matrix and polyvinyl alcohol as a surfactant. The prepared formulations have been evaluated for entrapment efficiency, drug content, in vitro drug release, particle size analysis, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform-infrared studies (FT-IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and stability. Particle size analysis revealed that the SLN prepared from the higher melting point lipid showed a larger particle size and with increased carbon chain length of the fatty acids. Entrapment efficiency (EE) was ranging from 42% to 92%. In vitro release studies showed maximum cumulative drug release was obtained for F 1 (59.1%) containing stearic acid, and the lowest was observed for F 18 (28.1%) containing compritol ATO 888 after 12 h and all the formulations followed first-order release kinetics. FT-IR and DSC studies revealed no interaction between drug and lipids. Studies showed that increase in lipid concentration, increased particle size, EE, and maintained the sustained release of drug. Among all, compritol ATO 888 was chosen as the best lipid for formulating SLN because it had high EE and sustained the drug release.
HubMed – drug



Columbus Ohio Center for Alcoholism – www.transformationstreatment.com Substance abuse rehab programs in the state of Florida have provided countless numbers of people with answer to solving the problems surrounding drug addiction and alcoholism. The staff, substance abuse rehabilitation specialists and medical personnel at a professional drug and alcohol rehabilitation center in Florida take the needs of the client into consideration and formulate an appropriate individual treatment plan. Due to the severity of some drug and alcohol addictions a person should never attempt to quit “cold turkey,’ the results could prove to be physically painful. It is in the best interest of the client to receive professional assistance in order to properly handle any side effects which present when withdrawing from drug or alcohol addiction. For More Information Give us a call, 1-866-211-5538.


Find More Drug And Alcohol Rehabilitation Information…