Depression Treatment: Measurement Invariance of the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition (BDI-II) Across Gender, Race, and Ethnicity in College Students.

Measurement Invariance of the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition (BDI-II) Across Gender, Race, and Ethnicity in College Students.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Assessment. 2012 Oct 7;
Whisman MA, Judd CM, Whiteford NT, Gelhorn HL

Measurement invariance of the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition (BDI-II) across gender, race, and ethnic groups was evaluated in a large sample of college students, using pooled data from 11 universities from diverse geographical regions in the United States (N = 7,369). Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the fit of several possible factor structures, and the results from these analyses indicated that the BDI-II was most adequately represented by a hierarchical four-factor structure, composed of three first-order factors and one second-order factor. Results based on analyses of covariance structures indicated there was factorial invariance for this hierarchical four-factor structure across groups, suggesting that the BDI-II provides an assessment of severity of depressive symptoms that is equivalent across gender, race, and ethnicity in college students.
HubMed – depression

 

Attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms and disorder (ADHD) among African children: a review of epidemiology and co-morbidities.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Afr J Psychiatry (Johannesbg). 2012 Sep; 15(5): 358-61
Bakare MO

To review literature from Africa on the epidemiology of ADHD as well attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms and associated co-morbid conditions among African children.A literature search was done through Pubmed/MEDLINE and Google Scholar using then following terms, “attention deficit”, “hyperactivity disorders”, “epidemiology”, “co-morbid conditions”, “Africa”. Nine studies met the inclusion criteria with four studies coming from South Africa, two each from Democratic Republic of Congo and Nigeria respectively and one from Ethiopia.The prevalence of ADHD varied with rates of between 5.4% and 8.7%, amongst school children, 1.5% amongst children from the general population between 45.5% to 100.0% amongst special populations of children with possible organic brain pathology. Common associated co-morbid conditions were oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder as well as anxiety/depressive symptoms.Published data from Africa is limited. For effective healthcare policy further studies are needed to define the magnitude and burden of ADHD and other childhood neurodevelopmental disorders in Africa.
HubMed – depression

 

Social support and the psychological wellbeing of people living with HIV/AIDS in Ghana.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Afr J Psychiatry (Johannesbg). 2012 Sep; 15(5): 340-5
Oppong Asante K

The current study sought to investigate the association between age, gender, social support and the psychological wellbeing of people living with HIV and AIDS (PLHA) in Ghana.Cross-sectional data containing information on demographics, social support and psychological well-being (stress, depression, and anxiety), were collected from 107 men and women living with HIV/AIDS. To explore age group differences, participants were stratified by age (< 39 vs. 40+ years). Three anonymous self-administered questionnaires were used, namely the demographic data questionnaire, Sources of Social Support Scale, and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS- 42).Correlation analysis revealed that social support was negatively associated with depression, stress and anxiety. Compared with males living with HIV, women reported higher levels of stress, depression and anxiety. Female gender and low social support were significant predictors of depression and stress after controlling for selected independent variables. Older participants experienced higher levels of stress than their younger counterparts.Public health personnel and AIDS professionals may consider further interventions to promote psychological health in HIV/AIDS-positive individuals. More attention should be paid to the social environment of individuals diagnosed with HIV as the quality of social relationships may be particularly important for successful psychological adaptation to HIV. HubMed – depression

 

350 million people have depression in world: WHO

Filed under: Depression Treatment

More than 350 million people suffer from depression globally, the World Health Organization said, ahead of World Mental Health Day on Wednesday, calling the disease a "global phenomenon". One of the best ways to treat depression was to talk openly …
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Children, techies under cloud of depression

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Social anxiety, work pressure, competition are among the major reasons that lead these people to depression, which could severely affect their work. A recent phenomenon is of young mothers coming to our centre for treatment for stress and depression.
Read more on Deccan Chronicle

 

Many Millions Suffer from Depression

Filed under: Depression Treatment

“It's very important that everybody recognizes depression as a condition and looks out for it amongst oneself, one's friends and family. And support them to take treatment and to disclose that one can be suffering from this problem. Stigma can be …
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