Assessment of Risk Factors of Helicobacter Pylori Infection and Peptic Ulcer Disease.

Assessment of Risk Factors of Helicobacter Pylori Infection and Peptic Ulcer Disease.

J Glob Infect Dis. 2013 4; 5(2): 60-67
Mhaskar RS, Ricardo I, Azliyati A, Laxminarayan R, Amol B, Santosh W, Boo K

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is a risk factor for peptic ulcer. There have been no studies addressing environmental and dietary risk factors in western India. We conducted a case control study enrolling peptic ulcer patients in Pune, India.Risk factors for peptic ulcer and H. pylori infection were assessed in a participant interview. H. pylori status was assessed from stool by monoclonal antigen detection.We enrolled 190 peptic ulcer, 35 stomach cancer patients, and 125 controls. Fifty-one percent (180/350) of the participants were infected with H. pylori. Lower socioeconomic status (SES) [odds ratio (OR): 1.10, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.02-1.39], meat consumption (OR: 2.35, 95% CI: 1.30-4.23), smoking (OR: 2.23, 95% CI: 1.24-4.02), eating restaurant food (OR: 3.77, 95% CI: 1.39-10.23), and drinking nonfiltered or nonboiled water (OR: 1.05, 95% CI: 1.01-1.23) were risk factors for H. pylori infection. H. pylori infection (OR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.03-2.89), meat (OR: 1.10, 95% CI: 1.02-1.75), fish (OR: 1.05, 95% CI: 1.02-1.89) consumption, and a family history of ulcer (OR: 1.20, 95% CI: 1.08-1.60) were risk factors for peptic ulcer. Consumption of chili peppers (OR: 0.20, 95% CI: 0.10-0.37) and parasite infestation (OR: 0.44, 95% CI: 0.24-0.80) were protective against H. pylori infection.H. pylori infection is associated with peptic ulcer. Lower SES, consumption of restaurant food, meat, nonfiltered water, and smoking are risk factors for H. pylori. Consumption of meat, fish, and a family history of peptic ulcer are risk factors for peptic ulcer. Consumption of chili peppers and concurrent parasite infestation appear to be protective against H. pylori. HubMed – eating

Investigation of cadmium pollution in contaminated industrial area in Guilan province industrial estates.

Toxicol Ind Health. 2013 Jul 12;
Hashemi SA

Toxicity and accumulation of cadmium in body organs by eating contaminated food has an important role in endangering a human’s health. Using Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reports, site 1, site 2 and site 3 were selected as polluted sites and site 4 was selected as the control site. Seedlings of buttonwood were prepared for 12 months then root, stem, and leaf samples were harvested and the amounts of cadmium element in stem and leaf organs together with the growth parameters were measured. This study determines the amount of cadmium accumulated in Platanus occidentalis. The respective cadmium concentrations in the root, leaf, and stem in site 1 were 382, 98, and 87; in site 2 they were 591, 122, and 94; and in site 3 they were 633, 151, and 104 mg/kg dry weight (DW). Furthermore, the comparison between accumulation and transfer of cadmium in the study showed more absorption of this metal by the root than that by the stem and leaf. The result of this research shows that buttonwood has the potential for cadmium accumulation without any serious damage to its growth. To control the extent of contamination in industrial areas, petrochemical industries, power plants and vast contaminated municipal areas, there is a great need for planting plants like buttonwood. HubMed – eating

The Stress Process and Eating Pathology Among Racially Diverse Adolescents Seeking Treatment for Obesity.

J Pediatr Psychol. 2013 Jul 13;
Gerke CK, Mazzeo SE, Stern M, Palmberg AA, Evans RK, Wickham EP

This study examined the associations of weight-related teasing and daily hassles with eating pathology, as well as potential mediators of these relations, among a racially diverse sample of adolescents.Participants were 92 primarily African American 11-17-year-olds seeking treatment for obesity. Data were collected at baseline.Both daily hassles and weight-related teasing were significantly correlated with eating pathology at r = .22 and r = .25, respectively. Feeling upset about teasing mediated the associations of daily hassles (PE = .0093, SE = .0054, 95% BCa bootstrap CI of .0001-.0217) and teasing (PE = .0476, SE = .0198, 95% BCa bootstrap CI of .0093-.0873) with eating pathology.These results highlight the importance of psychological interventions in the treatment of weight-loss among adolescents, as stressors may impact eating behaviors. HubMed – eating

The head and neck symptom checklist(©): an instrument to evaluate nutrition impact symptoms effect on energy intake and weight loss.

Support Care Cancer. 2013 Jul 14;
Kubrak C, Olson K, Baracos VE

This study aimed to validate the Head and Neck Patient Symptom Checklist(©) (HNSC(©)) by tracing the prevalence and interference with eating of nutrition impact symptoms (NIS) over time and by examining relationships among NIS included in the HNSC, energy intake, and weight loss.Height, weight, 3-day diet records, and HNSC(©) were obtained at baseline, posttreatment, and 2.5 month follow-up for 52 treatment-naive head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. Relationships among energy intake, weight loss, age, sex, treatment, tumor stage, and NIS were evaluated using general estimating equation (GEE) modeling. Cumulative hazard (CH) analysis was used to determine the time and risk of weight loss.From baseline to posttreatment, 71 % of patients had 5 % body weight loss. Despite energy intakes returning to baseline levels at follow-up, 88 % of patients continued to lose weight. At posttreatment, 100 % of patients reported 2 or more NIS (range 2-12); these symptoms were still present at follow-up in 83 % of the patients. Univariate GEE analysis demonstrated that most NIS predicted energy intake and weight loss, while multivariate GEE analysis showed that depression, dysphagia, and sore mouth predicted energy intake, and dysphagia and sore mouth predicted weight loss. CH analysis showed that NIS accelerated the time and probability of weight loss.The HNSC(©) is a valid tool for assessing NIS in HNC. Identification of NIS may aid in the management of symptoms associated with reduced energy intake and weight loss and thus decrease the malnutrition risk in HNC patients. HubMed – eating