[Analysis of Drug Therapy of Lung Cancer in Hungary].

[Analysis of drug therapy of lung cancer in Hungary].

Magy Onkol. 2013 Apr; 57(1): 33-8
Moldvay J, Rokszin G, Abonyi-Tóth Z, Katona L, Kovács G

Hungary is a world leader in the field of lung cancer deaths, so it is particularly important that patients could have access to modern treatments. The aim of our analysis was to find how drug treatments are used in Hungary and how they are compatible with international practice. The in-patient and prescription database of the National Health Insurance Fund for three years (2008-2010) was used to study the frequency of certain chemotherapy protocols, the duration of therapies, and the changes in the individual protocols and drugs used for lung cancer treatment (ICD: C33H0-C34) during the reviewed period. We did not differentiate between neoadjuvant and adjuvant treatment and therapy after progression. During the study period 12326 lung cancer patients received first-line chemotherapy, one third of those (n=3791) received second-line, and one third of those (n=1174) third-line treatment. The average treatment duration was between 3 and 4 months. The first-line treatment of NSCLC mainly consisted of platinum treatment in combination with third generation cytotoxic agents. A downward trend of gemcitabine, still the most common combination compound, was observed, in parallel with the increased use of paclitaxel, and as a consequence carboplatin replaced cisplatin. Among new agents the use of pemetrexed and bevacizumab has increased. Pemetrexed appeared mainly in second-line treatment, while erlotinib also in second, but mostly in third line. The first-line treatment of SCLC consisted of a platinum-etoposide combination, and in second-line setting topotecan was the most commonly used drug. According to our results the chemotherapeutic combinations and sequencing are in accordance with international and national recommendations. Further detailed analysis of the available data may help to obtain more accurate picture of the efficacy of lung cancer treatments as well. HubMed – drug


[New directions in drug development, biomarker research and personalized medicine].

Magy Onkol. 2013 Apr; 57(1): 5-10
Németh G, Jelinek I

In the recent years, medicine has taken some first important steps toward a major paradigm shift that could result in a landslide for personalized therapies. Indeed, evidence-based medicine seems to yield to personalized medicine in multiple areas, including both the thinking patterns of healthcare workers and everyday medical practice. Nevertheless, although a steadily increasing number of personalized treatment modalities have recently become available for patients, so far, no breakthrough can be seen in the paradigm shift from evidence-based medicine to personalized therapy. We believe that a more efficient identification and utilisation of future and already known biomarkers, respectively, might be the key to speed up this progress. In line with this, biomarkers are becoming increasingly important tools in late stage research, drug development and in clinical practice, as well. Correct classification of biomarkers becomes especially important, as different types of biomarkers provide markedly different information to drug developers and health care professionals. HubMed – drug


Erdosteine therapy for renal failure: current perspectives.

Nephrourol Mon. 2012; 4(3): 587-8
Muthuraman A

HubMed – drug


The Treatment of Recurrent Urothelial Tumors of the Upper Urinary System and at Urostomy Site following Radical Cystectomy with Intraureteral Bacillus Calmette-Guérin and Cryotherapy.

Case Rep Urol. 2013; 2013: 490373
Demirta? A, Y?ld?r?m YE, Ferahba? A, Ak?nsal EC, Ekmekçio?lu O, Tatl??en A

Urinary bladder carcinoma is the second most common cancer of the urinary system. The recurrence rate in the upper urinary system (UUS) for urothelial cancers is around 3% following radical cystectomy. The followup generally consists of imaging studies and urinary cytology, although there are no prospective data on the frequency, the mode, and the duration of followup. In patients carefully selected according to risk factors, kidney-sparing minimally invasive methods (ureteroscopic procedures, percutaneous approach, and local drug instillation) appear as contemporary alternatives for low-grade and low-stage primary UUS. In this paper, we present the patient who underwent radical cystectomy with urinary diversion ureterocutaneostomy, was diagnosed with widespread bilateral UUS tumors and recurrent tumor at the urostomy site at active followup, for which he was given local Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) and cryotherapy, and was followed by disease-free for 2 years thereafter. HubMed – drug