What About Me…? the PVT: A Role for the Paraventricular Thalamus (PVT) in Drug-Seeking Behavior.

What about me…? The PVT: a role for the paraventricular thalamus (PVT) in drug-seeking behavior.

Front Behav Neurosci. 2013; 7: 18
James MH, Dayas CV

HubMed – addiction


Teens and Indoor Tanning: A Cancer Prevention Opportunity for Pediatricians.

Pediatrics. 2013 Mar 18;
Balk SJ, Fisher DE, Geller AC

In October 2011, California became the first US state to ban indoor tanning for minors under age 18 years. Vermont followed in May 2012. Increasingly, scientific evidence shows that artificial tanning raises the risk of skin cancer, including melanoma, a common cancer in adolescents and young adults and the type most likely to result in death. The World Health Organization, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Dermatology, the American Medical Association, and other organizations strongly recommend legislation to ban minors under age 18 from indoor tanning. Several nations have banned teen tanning. Yet, tanning in salons is still a prevalent practice in the United States, especially among teen girls, where rates for the oldest teens approach 40%. There is no federal legislation to restrict minors from salon tanning. More than 60% of states have some kind of legislation regarding minors’ use of tanning salons, but only California and Vermont have passed complete bans of indoor tanning for minors. The Indoor Tanning Association, an industry advocacy group, has vigorously opposed legislative efforts. Pediatricians can play key roles in counseling families and with legislative efforts. In this update, we review the prevalence of salon tanning, association with skin cancer risk, tanning addiction, the roles of the federal and state governments in regulation and legislation, and responses to arguments created by industry to oppose legislation. Preventing exposure to artificial tanning may save lives, including young lives, and is a key cancer prevention opportunity for pediatricians. HubMed – addiction


Public Attitudes Toward the Treatment of Nicotine Addiction.

Nicotine Tob Res. 2013 Mar 18;
Morphett K, Lucke J, Gartner C, Carter A, Meurk C, Hall W

INTRODUCTION: The increasing use of medications for smoking cessation has concerned some commentators, who believe that emphasizing medications for smoking cessation may lead to a belief that there are “magic bullets” for nicotine dependence, or alternatively that unassisted quitting is very difficult, thereby discouraging such quit attempts. There is little evidence on which to test these speculations. This article aims to address this gap by examining public understandings of nicotine addiction in order to assess the extent to which medical explanations of smoking have permeated public beliefs about treatments for smoking cessation. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with a representative sample of 55 members of the Australian public that included smokers, ex-smokers, and nonsmokers. The data were analyzed using a standard content analytic method to identify recurrent themes. RESULTS: The results revealed that although pharmacological cessation aids were the most commonly mentioned method for quitting, they were often recommended alongside methods such as behavioral strategies or counselling. Unassisted quitting was mentioned frequently, but there were mixed views on its effectiveness. Seeing a doctor was rarely recommended. Two common themes were that smokers had to “really want to quit,” and that the best treatment method would depend on the individual. CONCLUSIONS: Medical discourse of smoking cessation does not dominate public understandings of smoking cessation. Rather, ideas about individual choice, motivation, and willpower are emphasized. HubMed – addiction



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