Variation in Radiographic Protocols in Paediatric Interventional Cardiology.

Variation in radiographic protocols in paediatric interventional cardiology.

J Radiol Prot. 2013 Mar 13; 33(2): 313-319
McFadden SL, Hughes CM, Winder RJ

The aim of this work is to determine current radiographic protocols in paediatric interventional cardiology (IC) in the UK and Ireland. To do this we investigated which imaging parameters/protocols are commonly used in IC in different hospitals, to identify if a standard technique is used and illustrate any variation in practice. A questionnaire was sent to all hospitals in the UK and Ireland which perform paediatric IC to obtain information on techniques used in each clinical department and on the range of clinical examinations performed. Ethical and research governance approval was sought from the Office for Research Ethics Committees Northern Ireland and the individual trusts. A response rate of 79% was achieved, and a wide variation in technique was found between hospitals. The main differences in technique involved variations in the use of an anti-scatter grid and the use of additional filtration to the radiation beam, frame rates for digital acquisition and pre-programmed projections/paediatric specific programming in the equipment. We conclude that there is no standard protocol for carrying out paediatric IC in the UK or Ireland. Each hospital carries out the IC procedure according to its own local protocols resulting in a wide variation in radiation dose. HubMed – rehab


Posttraumatic Cysts After Pediatric Fracture.

J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Apr; 33(3): 239-243
Lewandowski LL, Murphey MD, Potter MB

BACKGROUND:: Pediatric postfracture cystic bone lesions are most commonly found on routine follow-up radiographs of distal radius fractures. After their discovery, there is often a discussion of the need for further radiologic imaging or operative intervention. METHODS:: We present 3 cases in which all the 3 pediatric patients had a history of a healing fracture and had the lesions diagnosed incidentally on average 3 months after initial injury. RESULTS:: These similar cases demonstrate the nearly identical radiographic characteristics of postfracture cystic lesions of the distal radius. The radiographs consistently demonstrate a well-circumscribed lytic lesion without surrounding sclerosis (geographic 1B) within the elevated periosteum of the healing fracture. These lesions appeared to sit on top of the previous cortex without causing any erosion or having any other aggressive characteristics. All of the lesions were consistent with adipose tissue on all sequence including T1, T2, and fat-suppressed T1-weighted imaging. CONCLUSIONS:: Although postfracture pediatric cysts are apparently rare, we feel that there is sufficient literature to support that there is no longer any need for advanced imaging modalities to diagnose these lesions in the setting of an appropriate history without confounding variables and classic radiographic appearance. Biopsy, in particular, is decidedly unnecessary, unless the lesion progresses on subsequent radiographs or demonstrates more overtly aggressive initial features. CLINICAL RELEVANCE:: This will allow for faster diagnosis with substantially less burden on the health care system and decreased the stress that is placed on the patients and families involved by requiring magnetic resonance imaging with or without conscious sedation in order to make the final diagnosis. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:: IV-case series. HubMed – rehab


Association between spasticity and the level of motor function with quality of life in community dwelling Iranian young adults with spastic cerebral palsy.

Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2012 Nov; 26(4): 150-156
Dehno NS, Dehkordi SN, Dadgoo M, Salehi M

Consequences of cerebral palsy in adulthood can affect physical, psychological capabilities and quality of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between quality of life with spasticity and level of motor function in Iranian young adults with spastic cerebral palsy who were community dweller.In an analytical cross sectional study, 77 participants with spastic cerebral palsy (44 women, 33 men) with age range of 20 to 40 years; (mean age 26.19±5 yr) took part in this study. They were enrolled from three Raad Rehabilitation Goodwill complexes in Tehran and Karaj cities. All subjects were recruited through convenient sampling. Severity of Spasticity for knee flexors was measured with Modified Tardieu Scale. In addition, the level of motor function, and quality of life were assessed respectively through Gross Motor Function Classification System and World Health Organization Quality of life questionnaire (WHOQOL- BREF). To analyze data, Pearson and spearman correlation coefficient was used.No correlation found between quality of life with knee flexor muscles spasticity and level of motor function (p> 0.05).Quality of life as a multi dimensional concept has been impacted by many factors such as physical status, environmental issues and culture. Possibly, severity of spasticity and level of function have a less pronounced effect on quality of life in community dwelling adults with cerebral palsy. HubMed – rehab