Using Technology Within the Treatment of Eating Disorders: A Clinical Practice Review.

Using Technology Within the Treatment of Eating Disorders: A Clinical Practice Review.

Psychotherapy (Chic). 2013 Mar 25;
Shingleton RM, Richards LK, Thompson-Brenner H

The focus of this clinical practice review is to provide clinicians a framework for incorporating technology into the treatment of eating disorders (EDs). We detailed studies that were published within the past 11 years (2002-2012) and that included at least 10 participants. Our primary aims were to describe how technology has been used to enhance the delivery of ED treatment as well as report the effectiveness of these technology-based interventions. We also provided clinical applications and considerations for clinicians who wish to use technology within their own practice. We found that a range of technologies (e.g., televideo, e-mail, CD-ROM, Internet, text message) have been used as a means to either deliver or enhance treatment at various levels of care (e.g., therapy, guided self-help, treatment adjunct). The majority of the studies were based on cognitive-behavioral principles and included samples diagnosed with bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder (BED), or subclinical levels of BN or BED. Most researchers reported positive results, with a few caveats such as technology-based interventions may not be optimal for individuals with more severe pathology, and some individuals described wanting more personal interaction. The overarching finding was that technology may be successfully integrated within ED treatment and may offer new ways to extend ED interventions to individuals who may not otherwise have access to specialty ED care. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). HubMed – eating disorders


Role of law at the non-communicable diseases-climate change interface: considerations for planetary and population health policy.

Public Health. 2013 Mar 13;
Boylan S, Syrett K, Colagiuri R

HubMed – eating disorders


Body mass index and subjective well-being in young adults: a twin population study.

BMC Public Health. 2013 Mar 16; 13(1): 231
Linna MS, Kaprio J, Raevuori A, Sihvola E, Keski-Rahkonen A, Rissanen A

BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) is associated with subjective well-being. Higher BMI is believed to be related with lower well-being. However, the association may not be linear. Therefore, we investigated whether a nonlinear (U-shaped) trend would better describe this relationship, and whether eating disorders might account for the association in young adults. METHODS: FinnTwin16 study evaluated multiple measures of subjective well-being, including life satisfaction, General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-20), satisfaction with leisure time, work, and family relationships, and satisfaction with sex life in young adulthood in the 1975–79 birth cohorts of Finnish twins (n=5240). We studied the relationship between indicators of subjective well-being and BMI both in full birth cohorts and in subgroups stratified by lifetime DSM-IV eating disorders. RESULTS: We found an inverse U-shaped relationship between all indicators of subjective well-being and BMI in men. There was no overall association between BMI and subjective well-being in women. However, there was an inverse U-shaped relationship between BMI and indicators of subjective well-being in women with a lifetime eating disorder and their healthy female co-twins. Subjective well-being was optimal in the overweight category. CONCLUSIONS: Both underweight and obesity are associated with impaired subjective well-being in young men. The BMI reflecting optimal subjective well-being of young men may be higher than currently recognized. Categorization of body weight in terms of BMI may need to be reassessed in young men. BMI and subjective well-being are related in women with a lifetime eating disorder, but not in the general population of young women. HubMed – eating disorders


Weight patterns and perceptions among female university students of Karachi. A cross sectional study.

BMC Public Health. 2013 Mar 16; 13(1): 230
Sirang Z, Bashir HH, Jalil B, Khan SH, Hussain SA, Baig A, Taufeeq M, Samad K, Kadir MM

BACKGROUND: Body weight and its perception play an important role in the physical and mental well-being of a person. Weight perception is found to be a better predictor of weight management behaviour as compared to actual weight. In Pakistan, studies have been done on the prevalence of weight status but weight perception is still unexplored. The study was done to examine relationships between body weight perception, actual weight status, and weight control behaviour among the female university students of Karachi. METHODS: A cross sectional study was carried out during Sep-Nov 2009 on female students in four universities of Karachi, Pakistan.Our final sample size included 338 female university students. Height and weight were measured on calibrated scales. A modified BMI criterion for Asian populations was used. RESULTS: Based on measured BMI; the prevalence of underweight, normal weight and overweight females was 27.2%, 51.5% and 21.3% respectively. As a whole, just over one third (33.73%) of the sample misclassified their weight status. Among underweight (n=92), 45.70% thought they were of normal weight. No one who was truly underweight perceived them self as overweight. Among the normal weight (n= 174), 9.8% thought they were underweight and 23.6% considered themselves overweight. Among the overweight (n=72); 18.3% considered themselves normal. Only one female student thought she was underweight despite being truly overweight. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that among female university students in Karachi, the prevalence of being underweight is comparatively high. There is a significant misperception of weight, with one third of students misclassifying themselves. Underweight females are likely to perceive themselves as normal and be most satisfied with their weight. Health policy makers should implement these findings in future development of health interventions and prevention of depression, social anxiety and eating disorders associated with incorrect weight perception among young females. Studies that employ a longitudinal approach are needed to validate our findings. HubMed – eating disorders



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