Ultrasound-Guided Perineural Steroid Injection to Treat Intractable Pain Due to Sciatic Nerve Injury.

Ultrasound-guided perineural steroid injection to treat intractable pain due to sciatic nerve injury.

Can J Anaesth. 2013 Jun 27;
Wang JC, Chiou HJ, Lu JH, Hsu YC, Chan RC, Yang TF

Sciatic neuropathy is a rare but serious complication of cardiac surgery. Neuropathic pain following nerve injury can be severely debilitating and largely resistant to treatment. We present a case of this complication where ultrasound-guided perineural steroid injection at the site of the sciatic nerve injury provided excellent pain relief and facilitated subsequent rehabilitation.A 17-yr-old boy developed bilateral sciatic neuropathy after a nine-hour cardiac surgical procedure in the supine position, resulting in debilitating dysesthesia refractory to neuropathic pain therapies and leading to severe functional limitation. With magnetic resonance imaging of the lower extremities, the location of the lesion was determined to be from the level of the superior gemellus to the level of the quadratus femoris. An ultrasound-guided injection of triamcinolone 20 mg and lidocaine 40 mg around both sciatic nerves at the level of the lesion was administered two months after the surgery, and the pain score (rated on a scale 0-10) at rest decreased from 9-10 to 1 two weeks after the injection.There are a limited number of reports in the literature on sciatic nerve injuries associated with cardiac surgery. This case illustrates the efficacy of ultrasound-guided steroid injection around sciatic nerves at the level of superior gemellus in treating our patient’s neuropathic pain. HubMed – rehab


Trajectory of human movement during sit to stand: a new modeling approach based on movement decomposition and multi-phase cost function.

Exp Brain Res. 2013 Jun 27;
Sadeghi M, Emadi Andani M, Bahrami F, Parnianpour M

The purpose of this work is to develop a computational model to describe the task of sit to stand (STS). STS is an important movement skill which is frequently performed in human daily activities, but has rarely been studied from the perspective of optimization principles. In this study, we compared the recorded trajectories of STS with the trajectories generated by several conventional optimization-based models (i.e., minimum torque, minimum torque change and kinetic energy cost models) and also with the trajectories produced by a novel multi-phase cost model (MPCM). In the MPCM, we suggested that any complex task, such as STS, is decomposable into successive motion phases, so that each phase requires a distinct strategy to be performed. In this way, we proposed a multi-phase cost function to describe the STS task. The results revealed that the conventional optimization-based models failed to correctly predict the invariable features of STS, such as hip flexion and ankle dorsiflexion movements. However, the MPCM not only predicted the general features of STS with a sufficient accuracy, but also showed a potential flexibility to distinguish between the movement strategies from one subject to the other. According to the results, it seems plausible to hypothesize that the central nervous system might apply different strategies when planning different phases of a complex task. The application areas of the proposed model could be generating optimized trajectories of STS for clinical applications (such as functional electrical stimulation) or providing clinical and engineering insights to develop more efficient rehabilitation devices and protocols. HubMed – rehab


Single allograft medial collateral ligament and posterior oblique ligament reconstruction: a technique to improve valgus and rotational stability.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 2013 Jun 27;
Dong J, Ji G, Zhang Y, Gao S, Wang F, Chen B

We present a novel and simple method for single hamstring allograft MCL and PMC reconstruction, which can improve both joint valgus and external rotational stability and maximize utilization of allograft. All patients received arthroscopic evaluation through inferomedial and inferolateral knee incisions to ascertain whether there were intra-articular injuries. An 8-cm-length longitudinal incision was made from 1 cm above adductor tubercle to 5-cm proximal medial tibia joint line. The anterior tibia insertion was defined as 15 mm lateral from the medial tibia edge and 45 mm below the medial tibia joint line. The posterior tibia insertion was defined as 15 mm lateral from the medial tibia edge and 20 mm below the medial tibia joint line. A 5- or 6-mm reamer was used to drill the tibia tunnel along with guide pin, and a 6 or 7 mm drill was used to drill the femur tunnel to a depth of 25 or 30 mm until the proximal adductor tubercle. The allograft was harvested from tibia and placed into the tunnel and fixed with absorbable interference screw. All patients performed active rehabilitation exercises after the operation periodically. HubMed – rehab



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