Treating the Brain Deep Down: Short-Circuiting Depression.

Treating the Brain Deep Down: Short-circuiting depression.

Nat Med. 2013 Jun; 19(6): 680-1
Warner-Schmidt J

HubMed – depression


Behavioral Health Services Influence Medical Treatment Utilization Among Primary Care Patients with Comorbid Substance Use and Depression.

J Clin Psychol Med Settings. 2013 Jun 7;
Felleman BI, Athenour DR, Ta MT, Stewart DG

Although research has shown benefits of integrating psychological care in primary care settings, it is unclear how this form of treatment impacts individuals with comorbid substance use and depression. The findings are also mixed concerning how frequently this comorbid population seeks primary care services. This study examined the associations between substance use, depression, and medical treatment utilization among 224 primary care patients. The aim of the investigation was twofold. First, to determine if depression increases medical treatment utilization among patients with substance use disorders; second, to evaluate if behavioral health treatment reduces medical service utilization. A moderated mediation model with bootstrapping analyses revealed that depression strengthened the relationship between substance use and primary care treatment utilization (both medical and behavioral health). The model also indicated that behavioral health services were associated with fewer primary care visits for individuals with comorbid substance use and depression. Clinical and social implications are discussed. HubMed – depression


Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia and sleep hygiene in fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial.

J Behav Med. 2013 Jun 7;
Martínez MP, Miró E, Sánchez AI, Díaz-Piedra C, Cáliz R, Vlaeyen JW, Buela-Casal G

Sleep disturbances play an important role in the exacerbation of pain and other troubling symptoms reported by patients with fibromyalgia (FM). The objective of this trial was to analyze the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) versus a sleep hygiene (SH) education program at improving sleep and other clinical manifestations in FM. Sixty-four FM women with insomnia were randomly assigned to the CBT-I or the SH groups, and 59 completed the treatments (30 in the CBT-I group and 29 in the SH group). Participants completed several self-report questionnaires at pre-, post-treatment and follow-ups. The CBT-I group reported significant improvements at post-treatment in several sleep variables, fatigue, daily functioning, pain catastrophizing, anxiety and depression. The SH group only improved significantly in subjective sleep quality. Patients in the CBT-I group showed significantly greater changes than those in the SH group in most outcome measures. The findings underscore the usefulness of CBT-I in the multidisciplinary management of FM. HubMed – depression