The Link Between Women’s Body Image Disturbances and Body-Focused Cancer Screening Behaviors: A Critical Review of the Literature and a New Integrated Model for Women.

The link between women’s body image disturbances and body-focused cancer screening behaviors: A critical review of the literature and a new integrated model for women.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Body Image. 2012 Dec 19;
Ridolfi DR, Crowther JH

A large body of literature demonstrates the association between body image disturbances and health compromising behaviors among women (e.g., pathological eating, substance use, inappropriate exercise). However, given that disturbed body image is a pervasive problem, it is likely inversely related to health maintenance behaviors. Cancer screenings for breast, skin, and cervical cancer represent an important type of health maintenance behavior, yet adherence rates are low. Given the body-focused nature of these screenings, body image may be a salient predictor. This paper reviews the literature on the relationship between body image disturbances and cancer screening behaviors among women culminating in the proposal of a theoretical model. This model posits that body shame and body avoidance predict performance of cancer screenings and that variables drawn from the cancer literature, including risk perception, health anxiety, subjective norms, and self-efficacy, may moderate this relationship. Clinical implications and suggestions for research are discussed.
HubMed – eating


Current status and challenge of Human Parasitology teaching in China.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Pathog Glob Health. 2012 Nov; 106(7): 386-90
Peng HJ, Zhang C, Wang CM, Chen XG

Parasitic infection profile in China has been changed greatly with the rapid economic development in China since the 1980s, such as the tremendous decreased infection rate of the soil-borne helminthiasis, the elimination of filariasis, the control of malaria, and the initiation to eradicate malaria in 2020. Some food-borne parasitic infections have increased such as Clonorchiasis, Cysticercosis, and Echinococcosis, probably because of the increased chances of eating out. This trend directly affected the status of Human Parasitology teaching in medical universities, such as the shorten length of this course, re-adjusted contents structure and teaching manners, even the change of the name of this course. In this paper, we analyzed the current status and challenges of Human Parasitology teaching in medical universities, and discussed the requisite contents and manners in course delivery and measures to improve the quality of Human Parasitology teaching in China.
HubMed – eating


N-acetylcysteine in bulimia nervosa – Open-label trial.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Eat Behav. 2013 Jan; 14(1): 87-9
Guerdjikova AI, Blom TJ, Mori N, McElroy SL

The objective of this 12-week open-label flexible-dose study was to preliminarily assess the effectiveness of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in bulimia nervosa (BN). The primary outcome was binge-purge episode frequency. Eight individuals with BN by DSM-IV criteria received NAC, but only two completed the study. NAC was not associated with significant reductions in frequency of binge-purge episodes or measures of clinical severity, eating, or mood pathology. In this trial, NAC was ineffective in BN and was associated with a high discontinuation rate.
HubMed – eating


Are eating habits associated with physical fitness in primary school children?

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Eat Behav. 2013 Jan; 14(1): 83-6
David T, Julien A, Laurie I, Nordine L, Sébastien R, Eric D, Martine M, Pascale D

Children’s eating habits have mainly been related to anthropometric characteristics but less is known about their association with physical fitness.278 French school children (131 boys and 147 girls) filled in eating habit questionnaires and completed anthropometric measurement (weight, height, skinfolds) and physical fitness tests. The 20-m Shuttle run test and the Squat Jump test were used to assess aerobic fitness and anaerobic (lower limb muscle power) fitness respectively.Breakfast consumption was associated with both aerobic fitness (p<0.05) and lower limb muscle power (p<0.01) while snacking was negatively related to Squat Jump performances (p<0.05). There was no association between physical fitness and either the type of the consumed-beverages or TV watching during diner and lunch meals. Cumulated unhealthy eating habits was negatively associated with CRF stages and lower limb muscle power performances (p<0.05).French primary school children physical fitness is associated with their eating habits and decreases with the number of unhealthy eating behaviors cumulated. HubMed – eating


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