The Invisible Suffering: Sexual Coercion, Interpersonal Violence, and Mental Health – a Cross-Sectional Study Among University Students in South-Western Uganda.

The Invisible Suffering: Sexual Coercion, Interpersonal Violence, and Mental Health – A Cross-Sectional Study among University Students in South-Western Uganda.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

PLoS One. 2012; 7(12): e51424
Agardh A, Tumwine G, Asamoah BO, Cantor-Graae E

Despite a history of conflicts and widespread human rights violation in sub-Saharan Africa, little is known about the prevalence of interpersonal violence among the population in this region. Evidence from high-income countries suggests that exposure to violence has mental health consequences and violence also has associations with experiences of sexual coercion.This study sought to investigate the prevalence of physical and perceived threats of violence among university students in Uganda and to assess the possible relationship between such violence, sexual coercion, and symptoms of anxiety, depression, and psychoticism, respectively.In 2005, 980 Ugandan university students responded to a self-administered questionnaire (response rate 80%) that assessed socio-demographic factors, social capital, importance of religion, mental health, experience of violence and sexual coercion, and sexual behaviour factors. Logistic regression analysis was applied as the main analytical tool.Of those who responded, 28% reported perceived threats/threats of violence and 10% exposure to actual physical violence over the previous 12 months, with no significant gender differences in exposure history. Exposure to violence was significantly associated with the experience of sexual coercion among both males and females. Sexual coercion and threats/threats of violence were both significantly associated with poor mental health in males and females, but only males showed a strong association between exposure to physical violence and poor mental health.The current study suggests that in terms of general exposure, both males and females in the study population are equally exposed to sexual coercion and interpersonal violence, and both male and female students show generally similar mental health effects of exposure to such violence. The prevalence of interpersonal violence found in our study population may have long-term negative health implications. Our findings may serve as a baseline for interventions and continuing research aimed at preventing interpersonal violence.
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Longitudinal Associations Between Teen Dating Violence Victimization and Adverse Health Outcomes.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Pediatrics. 2012 Dec 10;

Although a number of cross-sectional studies have documented associations between teen dating violence victimization and adverse health outcomes, including sexual risk behaviors, suicidality, substance use, and depression, longitudinal work examining the relationship between victimization and outcomes is limited.This study is the first to demonstrate the longitudinal associations between teen dating violence victimization and multiple young adult health outcomes in a nationally representative sample. Findings emphasize the need for screening and intervention for both male and female victims. (Read the full article).
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Relationships Between Perceived Stigma, Coping Orientations, Self-esteem, and Quality of Life in Patients With Schizophrenia.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Asia Pac J Public Health. 2012 Dec 13;
Ow CY, Lee BO

Stigmatization of mental disorders has detrimental consequences for psychiatric patients. This study examined how perceived stigma and coping orientations of secrecy, withdrawal, and education were related to schizophrenic patients’ self-esteem and quality of life (QOL). Coping orientations as mediators of perceived stigma on the outcome variables were also investigated. A total of 80 schizophrenic patients in Singapore participated in the study. RESULTS: show that perceived stigma predicted self-esteem over and above gender and depression, perceived stigma and education predicted QOL over and above depression, and education partially mediated the effect of perceived stigma on QOL. Findings indicate that stigma perceptions and education coping are important focus areas in clinical interventions.
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