The Association Between Child Autism Symptomatology, Maternal Quality of Life, and Risk for Depression.

The Association Between Child Autism Symptomatology, Maternal Quality of Life, and Risk for Depression.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

J Autism Dev Disord. 2012 Dec 21;
Zablotsky B, Anderson C, Law P

Parents raising children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have been shown to experience high levels of stress and report a lower quality of life. The current study examined the association between child autism symptomatology, mother’s quality of life, and mother’s risk for depression in a sample of 1,110 mothers recruited from a web-based registry of families with children with an ASD. Higher autism symptomatology and a greater number of co-occurring psychiatric disorders in the child were associated with an increased risk for current treatment of maternal depression and a lower maternal quality of life. The results highlight the importance of screening for depression, particularly in mothers of children with ASD and mental health and behavioral challenges.
HubMed – depression

 

Subclinical depressive symptoms during pregnancy and birth outcome-a pilot study in a healthy German sample.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Arch Womens Ment Health. 2012 Dec 21;
Gawlik S, Waldeier L, Müller M, Szabo A, Sohn C, Reck C

There is a high prevalence of depression in Germany and all over the world. Maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy have been shown in some studies to be associated with an increased risk of preterm birth and low birth weight. The influence of maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy on preterm delivery and fetal birth weight was investigated in a prospective single-centre study. A sample of 273 healthy pregnant women was assessed for symptoms of antepartum depression. Symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ). Symptoms of anxiety were assessed using the State/Trait Anxiety Inventory. Patients who scored above the cutoff were contacted by phone for a Structured Clinical Diagnostic interview. Neonatal measurements were obtained from the birth registry of the Department of Obstetrics. Baseline data were assessed with a self-styled data sheet. Prevalence of elevated depressive symptoms was 13.2 % when measured with the EPDS and 8.4 % with the PHQ. According to DSM-IV criteria, only four (EPDS) respective two (PHQ-D) of these patients could be diagnosed with a depressive disorder and ten (EPDS) respective seven (PHQ) with an anxiety disorder. There was no significant influence on preterm birth or birth weight. Maternal depressive symptoms are self-reported. Elevated subclinical symptoms of depression and anxiety during pregnancy are common. However, this study showed no evidence that these symptoms are associated with adverse pregnancy outcome.
HubMed – depression

 

Association of Depression and Anxiety on Quality of Life, Treatment Adherence, and Prognosis in Patients with Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Ann Surg Oncol. 2012 Dec 22;
Arrieta O, Angulo LP, Núñez-Valencia C, Dorantes-Gallareta Y, Macedo EO, Martínez-López D, Alvarado S, Corona-Cruz JF, Oñate-Ocaña LF

BACKGROUND: Symptoms of depression and anxiety are common in patients with lung cancer and may produce an impact on both health-related quality of life (HRQL) and survival. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of depression and anxiety on HRQL, treatment adherence, and prognosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: This is a prospective study of patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC. Depression and anxiety were measured using the hospital anxiety and depression scale, the International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and the HRQL with the EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-LC13 questionnaires. Instruments were applied before treatment and repeated at 3 and 6 months. Lack of treatment adherence was considered as patients who stopped going to their consultation appointments. RESULTS: A total of 82 patients were included. At the initial evaluation, depression and anxiety were found in 32.9 and 34.1 % of patients, respectively. Depression was associated with feminine gender (p = 0.034) and poor performance status (p = 0.048). Depression and anxiety showed an association with HRQL. Patients with depression showed median overall survival of 6.8 months, whereas that for nondepressed patients was 14 months (hazard ratio [HR], 1.9; 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI), 1.03-3.7; p = 0.042). The 58 % of patients with depression had poor treatment adherence versus 42 % of patients without depression (p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Depression and anxiety were present in one-third of patients with recently diagnosed NSCLC. Depression and anxiety were associated with decreased HRQL scales, and depression was independently associated with treatment adherence and with poor prognosis.
HubMed – depression

 


 

Depression Symptoms In Women Understanding Depression – mysubconsciousmind.org In North America, it’s estimated that around 50 to 60 percent of women are affected by winter depression. Depression symptoms in women can vary. But there is basically a general broad spectrum of signs and symptoms that arise, from a change in sleep patterns and weight gain, to overwhelming suicidal thoughts and the unfortunate results. This means about half of the people you know are depressed within the wintertime! Wintertime depression is more common north and south from the equator. People who live near the equator have very low experiences of winter depression. The reason for this is that they live exactly where you will find enough daylight hours to prevent triggering this event, which consist of a hormone imbalance that causes depression. What matters here will be the duration the days (daylight hours), not the weather. Depression in the winter is called “Seasonal Affective Disorder”. Individuals who live in northern climates suffer because of the seasonally shortened days. Just as trees lose their leaves when the days shorten, people lose their happiness. Individuals who live where the days shorten seasonally are victims of the brain’s chemical reaction to lesser hours of daylight. In the event you live in a climate where daylight hours are shortened there are a couple of things you are able to do to help overcome Season Affective Disorder. You can use light therapy to extend the hours of daylight in your day. Light therapy is the most

 

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