T-Cell Responses in Oiled Guillemots and Swans in a Rehabilitation Setting.

T-cell Responses in Oiled Guillemots and Swans in a Rehabilitation Setting.

Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2013 Mar 20;
Troisi GM

Aquatic birds are commonly affected by oil spills. Despite rehabilitation efforts, the majority of rehabilitated common guillemots (Uria aalge) do not survive, whereas mute swans (Cygnus olor) tend to have higher postrelease survival. Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) present in crude oil and diesel are immunotoxic in birds affecting cell-mediated responses to immunogens. Because it is a target of PAH toxicity, T-lymphocyte response to controlled mitogen administration (phytohemagglutinnin test) was investigated in a scoping study as a potentially useful minimally invasive in vivo test of cell-mediated immunity. The test was performed on 69 mute swans and 31 common guillemots stranded on the Norfolk and Lincolnshire coastline and inland waterways in England (UK) either due to injury or to contamination with crude or diesel oil. T-lymphocyte response was significantly decreased in swans with greater oil scores. T-lymphocyte responses were also decreased in guillemots, but this finding was not statistically significant. HubMed – rehab


Worry about one’s own children, psychological well-being, and interest in psychosocial intervention.

Psychooncology. 2013 Mar 20;
Stinesen-Kollberg K, Thorsteinsdottir T, Wilderäng U, Steineck G

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the association between worrying about own children and low psychological well-being during the year that follows breast cancer. METHODS: In an observational population-based study, we collected data from 313 women operated for breast cancer at Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Gothenburg, Sweden. RESULTS: Worrying about one’s own children (3-7 on a 1-7 visual digital scale) was, among other variables, significantly associated with low psychological well-being 1?year after breast cancer surgery (relative risk 2.63; 95% CI 1.77-3.90; posterior probability value 98.8%). CONCLUSIONS: In this group of women operated for breast cancer, we found an association between worrying about one’s own children and low psychological well-being. In a healthcare system where resources are scarce, it becomes imperative to identify to whom resources should be directed. Therefore, we may consider prioritizing psychological interventions for mothers with younger children and develop effective means to communicate about issues related to the children to increase chances of an effective, successful rehabilitation.Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. HubMed – rehab


Patients with oral tumors.

Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed. 2013; 123(2): 91-8
Fierz J, Hallermann W, Mericske-Stern R

Summary The present study reports on the surgical and prosthodontic rehabilitation of 46 patients, 31 male and 15 female, after resection of oral tumors. The treatment was carried out from 2004 to 2007 at the Depart ment of Prosthodontics, University of Bern, with a follow-up time of 3 to 6 years. The average age at diagnosis was 54 years. 76% of all tumors were squamous cell carcinoma, followed by adenocarcinoma. Resection of the tumors including soft and/or hard tissues was performed in all patients. 80% of them additionally underwent radiotherapy and 40% chemotherapy. A full block resection of the mandible was perfomed in 23 patients, and in 10 patients, the tumor resection resulted in an oronasal communication. 29 patients underwent grafting procedures, mostly consisting of a free fibula flap transplant. To enhance the prosthetic treatment outcome and improve the prosthesis stability, a total of 114 implants were placed. However, 14 implants were not loaded because they failed during the healing period or the patient could not complete the final treatment with the prostheses. The survival rate of the implants reached 84.2% after 4 to 5 years. Many patients were only partially dentate before the tumors were detected, and further teeth had to be extracted in the course of the tumor therapy. Altogether, 31 jaws became or remained edentulous. Implants provide stability and may facilitate the adaptation to the denture, but their survival rate was compromised. Mostly, patients were fitted with removable prostheses with obturators in the maxilla and implant-supported complete dentures with bars in the mandible. Although sequelae of tumor resection are similar in many patients, the individual intermaxillary relations, facial morphology and functional capacity vary significantly. Thus, individual management is required for prosthetic rehabilitation. HubMed – rehab


Prevalence of juvenile idiopathic arthritis in Sharkia Governorate, Egypt: epidemiological study.

Rheumatol Int. 2013 Mar 20;
Abou El-Soud AM, El-Najjar AR, El-Shahawy EE, Amar HA, Hassan TH, Abd-Allaha SH, Ragab HM

Our objective was to determine the prevalence juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in Sharkia Governorate, Egypt. Population-based study was performed to identify the prevalence of JIA in Sharkia Governorate, Egypt, between November 2009 and November 2010. Prevalence of JIA was 3.43 per 100,000 (95 % CI 3.1-4.3). Prevalence in boys was 2.58 per 100,000 (95 % CI 2.4-3.6) and in girls 4.33 per 100,000 (95 % CI 3.3-5.1). Uveitis presented in 19.7 % of cases, antinuclear antibody in 48.5 %, and rheumatoid factor in 27.2 %. Oligoarthritis representing 52.2 % of the total population, and enthesitis-related arthritis presented only in 6 patients. No cases of undifferentiated arthritis or psoriatic arthritis were found. This is the first epidemiological study of JIA in Sharkia, Egypt. Oligoarthritis was the most common subtype. HubMed – rehab