Soy Food Intake After Diagnosis of Breast Cancer and Survival: An in-Depth Analysis of Combined Evidence From Cohort Studies of US and Chinese Women.

Soy food intake after diagnosis of breast cancer and survival: an in-depth analysis of combined evidence from cohort studies of US and Chinese women.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 May 30;
Nechuta SJ, Caan BJ, Chen WY, Lu W, Chen Z, Kwan ML, Flatt SW, Zheng Y, Zheng W, Pierce JP, Shu XO

BACKGROUND: Soy isoflavones have antiestrogenic and anticancer properties but also possess estrogen-like properties, which has raised concern about soy food consumption among breast cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: We prospectively evaluated the association between postdiagnosis soy food consumption and breast cancer outcomes among US and Chinese women by using data from the After Breast Cancer Pooling Project. DESIGN: The analysis included 9514 breast cancer survivors with a diagnosis of invasive breast cancer between 1991 and 2006 from 2 US cohorts and 1 Chinese cohort. Soy isoflavone intake (mg/d) was measured with validated food-frequency questionnaires. HRs and 95% CIs were estimated by using delayed-entry Cox regression models, adjusted for sociodemographic, clinical, and lifestyle factors. RESULTS: After a mean follow-up of 7.4 y, we identified 1171 total deaths (881 from breast cancer) and 1348 recurrences. Despite large differences in soy isoflavone intake by country, isoflavone consumption was inversely associated with recurrence among both US and Chinese women, regardless of whether data were analyzed separately by country or combined. No heterogeneity was observed. In the pooled analysis, consumption of ?10 mg isoflavones/d was associated with a nonsignificant reduced risk of all-cause (HR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.70, 1.10) and breast cancer-specific (HR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.64, 1.07) mortality and a statistically significant reduced risk of recurrence (HR: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.61, 0.92). CONCLUSION: In this large study of combined data on US and Chinese women, postdiagnosis soy food consumption of ?10 mg isoflavones/d was associated with a nonsignificant reduced risk of breast cancer-specific mortality and a statistically significant reduced risk of recurrence. One of studies included in the After Breast Cancer Pooling Project, the Women’s Healthy Eating & Living Study, was registered at as NCT00003787.
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The Effects of Aesthetic Breast Augmentation on Quality of Life, Psychological Distress, and Eating Disorder Symptoms: A Prospective Study.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2012 May 31;
Saariniemi KM, Helle MH, Salmi AM, Peltoniemi HH, Charpentier P, Kuokkanen HO

BACKGROUND: There are only a few studies that provide sufficient data regarding the effects of aesthetic breast augmentation on various aspects of quality of life. Significant improvement in body image, satisfaction with appearance, sexual attractiveness, and self-esteem has been observed in these studies. In contrast, however, a somewhat impaired general health-related quality of life has been reported at follow-up. Nevertheless, when considering the effects of aesthetic breast augmentation on eating habits, publications are lacking. We therefore decided to assess the effects of aesthetic breast augmentation on quality of life, psychological distress, and eating disorder symptoms. METHODS: This study included 79 consecutive women who underwent bilateral aesthetic augmentation mammaplasty. The women completed three outcome measures at baseline and at follow-up: the Eating Disorder Inventory, Raitasalo’s modification of the Beck Depression Inventory, and the 15D general quality-of-life questionnaire. RESULTS: The mean age at baseline was 35 years (range = 18-52). The mean body mass index was 21.3 (range = 17.5-27.3). Sixty-five (82 %) women completed the outcome measures with a mean follow-up time of 7 months (range = 4-13). A significant improvement was observed in self-esteem and depression scores as well as body satisfaction from baseline to follow-up. Interpersonal trust also improved, and after the operation the women were more able to tolerate and understand their own feelings and sensations. A significant decrease in the overall risk for an eating disorder was also noted. CONCLUSIONS: Aesthetic breast augmentation results in significant improvement in women’s body satisfaction and self-esteem. The level of risk for an eating disorder is also significantly reduced. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors .
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Risk factor analysis of vasovagal reaction from blood donation.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Transfus Apher Sci. 2012 May 28;
Takanashi M, Odajima T, Aota S, Sudoh M, Yamaga Y, Ono Y, Yoshinaga K, Motoji T, Matsuzaki K, Satake M, Sugimori H, Nakajima K

BACKGROUND: Vasovagal reaction (VVR) is the most frequent side effect at blood collection sites. AIMS: To protect donors, factors contributing to VVR were analysed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Complications following whole blood and apheresis donations have been recorded and accumulated by the Japanese Red Cross Tokyo Blood Centre. A dataset of 43,948 donors who had no complications was prepared as a control by randomly selecting days in each season in the 2006 and 2007 fiscal years. Factors contributing to 4924 VVR incidents in the 2006 and 2007 fiscal years were analysed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: The age, weight, body mass index (BMI), predonation systolic and diastolic pressure, and circulating blood volume were lower, and the pulse was higher, for the VVR group compared to the control group (p<0.0001). The VVR group had more female donors, less sleep, and more time since a meal than the control. In multivariate analysis, significant risk factors for 400ml whole blood donors, which are the majority of donors, were an age <50years, being female, a BMI <25, pulse ?90/min, sleep duration <8h, the time after eating ?4h, a first time donation and circulating blood volume of <4.3l. Sleep duration of <6h was shown to be a VVR risk as much as a first time donation. CONCLUSION: From our analysis, the amount of sleep obtained the previous night should be considered at the reception of donors. HubMed – eating


Evidence on the prevalence and geographic distribution of major cardiovascular risk factors in Italy.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Public Health Nutr. 2012 May 30; 1-11
Laccetti R, Pota A, Stranges S, Falconi C, Memoli B, Bardaro L, Guida B

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and geographic distribution of major cardiovascular risk factors in a large community-wide sample of the Italian population. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. Standardized methods were used to collect and measure cardiovascular risk factors. Data were adjusted for survey weightings. Qualitative and quantitative variables were compared with parametric and non-parametric tests, as appropriate. SETTING: Towns (n 193) across different Italian regions. SUBJECTS: Unselected adults (n 24 213; 12 626 men; 11 587 women) aged 18-98 years (mean age 56·9 (sd 15·3) years), who volunteered to participate in a community-wide screening programme over a 2 d period in 2007. RESULTS: Overall, the prevalence of major cardiovascular risk factors was: obesity, 22·7 % (women 18·9 %, men 26·1 %); overweight, 44·7 % (women 31·6 %, men 56·7 %); hypertension, 59·6 % (women 48·3 %, men 70·0 %); dyslipidaemia, 59·1 % (women 57·7 %, men 60·3 %); diabetes, 15·3 % (women 11·2 %, men 19·0 %) and smoking, 19·8 % (women 14·0 %, men 25·2 %). We found a high prevalence of unhealthy eating habits; fruit and vegetable consumption was below the recommended range in 60 % of the study population. Ninety per cent of the study population had more than one cardiovascular risk factor and 84 % had between two and five cardiovascular risk factors. There were differences among Italian macro-areas mainly for obesity, hypertension, dyslipidaemia and diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: The study provides alarming evidence on current prevalence data for major cardiovascular risk factors in a large sample of the Italian population. Particularly, obesity and hypertension represent a relevant public health problem. There is a pressing need for effective preventive health measures which must also take into account the differences among Italian macro-areas.
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Teen eating disorder group meets in Tri-Cities

Filed under: Eating Disorders

By Tri-City Herald staff The Moore Center for Eating Disorders, headquartered in Bellevue, will hold a free peer-led support group for teens each week in Richland starting June 5. Teens ages 13-18 will meet from 5 to 6:30 pm each Tuesday to discuss and …
Read more on Bellingham Herald


3D can cure eating disorders?

Filed under: Eating Disorders

3D could be a new and improved way to help tackle eating disorders, say researchers in Scotland. A study conducted by the researchers found that 3D body scanning could provide a new basis to help patients get over eating disorders.
Read more on 3D TV Watcher


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