Self-Care at the Margins: Meals and Meters in Migrants’ Diabetes Tactics.

Self-care at the margins: meals and meters in migrants’ diabetes tactics.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Med Anthropol Q. 2012 Dec; 26(4): 518-33
Guell C

Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in 2006 and 2007, this article examines Turkish migrants’ everyday practices of diabetes self-management in Berlin, Germany. To avoid diabetes complications, Turkish Berliners became self-carers who altered food choices, cooking and eating practices, and made their self-care practices visible with the help of blood sugar self-testing. Rather than representing the common image of the disadvantaged migrant patient they assumed the role of “expert patients” and their self-care was a deliberate practice to make their chronic illness experience manageable and tangible where formal support by the German healthcare system was inadequate. This article thus aims to interrogate both “self” and “care” in the context of “self-care at the margins” and draw on de Certeau’s tactics of the ordinary person that make everyday life habitable.
HubMed – eating


Associations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D with overall and breast cancer-specific mortality in a multiethnic cohort of breast cancer survivors.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Cancer Causes Control. 2013 Jan 30;
Villaseñor A, Ballard-Barbash R, Ambs A, Bernstein L, Baumgartner K, Baumgartner R, Ulrich CM, Hollis BW, McTiernan A, Neuhouser ML

PURPOSE: Despite limited evidence on the association of vitamin D with outcomes in breast cancer survivors, some clinicians advise breast cancer patients to use vitamin D supplements. More evidence is needed to inform these recommendations. METHODS: In the Health, Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle study, we examined associations of post-treatment serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) on overall and breast cancer-specific mortality in 585 breast cancer survivors from western Washington State, New Mexico, and Los Angeles County. 25(OH)D was measured in stored blood collected 2 years post-enrollment. Outcomes were ascertained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registries and medical records. Cox proportional hazards models were fit to assess associations of serum 25(OH)D with overall and breast cancer-specific mortality. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 9.2 years; 110 women died, including 48 from breast cancer. Standard cut points classified 211 (31.6 %) women as serum 25(OH)D deficient (<20 ng/mL), 189 (32.2 %) as insufficient (20-30 ng/mL), and 185 (36.2 %) as sufficient (>30 ng/mL). Compared to women with deficient 25(OH)D, those in the sufficient ranges had a decreased risk of overall mortality (age-adjusted HR = 0.58; 95 % CI 0.36-0.96); however, multivariate adjustments attenuated the association (HR = 0.90; 95 % CI 0.50-1.61). No association was found between serum 25(OH)D and breast cancer-specific mortality (sufficient: HR = 1.21; 95 % CI 0.52-2.80) in multivariate models. CONCLUSION: In this breast cancer cohort, higher serum 25(OH)D may be associated with improved survival, but results were not statistically significant and must be interpreted with caution. The potential prognostic effect of vitamin D from diet, supplements, or both should be evaluated in future larger studies with additional endpoints from breast cancer patients.
HubMed – eating


An Outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium Phage Type 42 Associated with the Consumption of Raw Flour.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2013 Jan 29;
McCallum L, Paine S, Sexton K, Dufour M, Dyet K, Wilson M, Campbell D, Bandaranayake D, Hope V

Abstract A cluster of salmonellosis cases caused by Salmonella Typhimurium phage type 42 (STM42) emerged in New Zealand in October 2008. STM42 isolates from a wheat-based poultry feed raw material (broll; i.e., product containing wheat flour and particles of grain) had been identified in the 2 months prior to this cluster. Initial investigations indicated that eating uncooked baking mixture was associated with illness. A case-control study was conducted to test the hypothesis that there was an association between STM42 cases and consumption of raw flour or other baking ingredients. Salmonella isolates from human and non-human sources were compared using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multiple-locus variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA). Environmental investigations included testing flour and other baking ingredients from case homes, unopened bags of flour purchased from retail stores, and inspection of an implicated flour mill. A case-control study of 39 cases and 66 controls found cases had 4.5 times the odds of consuming uncooked baking mixture as controls (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.6-12.5, p-value 0.001). Examination of individual baking ingredients found that, after adjusting for eggs, flour had an odds ratio (OR) of 5.7 (95% CI 1.1-29.1, p-value 0.035). After adjusting for flour, eggs had an OR of 0.8 (95% CI 0.2-3.4, p-value 0.762). PFGE patterns were identical for all STM42 isolates tested; however, MLVA distinguished isolates that were epidemiologically linked to the cluster. STM42 was recovered from flour taken from four cases’ homes, two unopened packs purchased from retail stores and packs from three batches of retrieved (recalled) product. This outbreak was associated with the consumption of uncooked baking mixture containing flour contaminated with STM42. The implicated flour mill initiated a voluntary withdrawal from sale of all batches of flour thought to be contaminated. Media releases informed the public about implicated flour brands and the risks of consuming uncooked baking mixture.
HubMed – eating


Platelet serotonin transporter and 5-HT(2A) receptor binding in adolescents with eating disorders.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Int J Neurosci. 2013 Jan 30;
Sigurdh J, Allard P, Spigset O, Hägglöf B

ABSTRACT The pathogenetic involvement of the serotonergic system in eating disorders is an established finding. Conclusions from platelet studies are based on results from investigations of subjects with a mean age of 20 years or more. The aim was to investigate whether previous findings in adults are valid also for adolescents who are examined within a relatively short interval after the onset of the eating disorder. [(3)H]paroxetine binding to the platelet serotonin transporter and [(3)H]LSD binding to the 5-HT(2A) receptor was studied in 15 female adolescents with eating disorders (11 with anorexia nervosa and 4 with clearly anorectic eating behaviour not fulfilling the criteria for anorexia nervosa) and 32 controls. The patients revealed a higher density of serotonin transporters and a lower density of 5-HT(2A) receptors compared to healthy controls of the same age (775 ± 165 vs. 614 ± 111 fmol/mg protein (p = 0.003) for [(3)H]paroxetine binding and 215 ± 59 vs. 314 ± 151 fmol/mg protein (p = 0.005) for [(3)H]LSD binding). The findings of increased density of platelet serotonin transporters and reduced density of 5-HT(2A) receptors differ from previous results in older patients. The lower patient age and the short duration of disease in the present study, possibly in conjunction with variations in stress-related psychological and biological factors, may have caused these differences. Although the present findings contradict prevailing evidence, they add further information concerning the nature of serotonergic involvement in eating disorders and indicate that demographic and course-related factors might influence the regulation of the serotonin system in these disorders.
HubMed – eating



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