Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Maintain Treatment Response to Electroconvulsive Therapy in Depression: A Case Series.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to maintain treatment response to electroconvulsive therapy in depression: a case series.

Front Psychiatry. 2013; 4: 73
Noda Y, Daskalakis ZJ, Ramos C, Blumberger DM

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective treatment for a refractory major depression in the context of both unipolar and bipolar affective disorders. However, the relapse rate within the first 6?months after a successful course of ECT to treat a depressive episode can be as high 50%. Evidence-based strategies to prevent relapse have partial efficacy and are associated with problematic adverse effects limiting their use as long-term treatments. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has demonstrated efficacy in treatment-resistant depression with a favorable adverse effect profile. Herein, we describe six patients, four with unipolar and two with bipolar depression, where rTMS was used to maintain response after a successful course of acute and continuation ECT. rTMS was administered once or twice weekly, at 120% of the resting motor threshold. Patients received sequential bilateral rTMS (low frequency right: 600 pulses, then high frequency left: 3000 pulses). The site of stimulation was 6?cm anterior and 1?cm lateral from the site of maximum stimulation of the abductor pollicis brevis muscle. Depressive symptoms were monitored with the quick inventory of depressive symptoms-self rated. Five of the six patients were able to maintain their response status from 6 to 13?months at the time of last observation. The use of rTMS may be an important relapse prevention strategy following an acute course of ECT. Controlled studies comparing rTMS to current evidence-based relapse prevention strategies are warranted. HubMed – addiction

Systemic approach to behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia in residential aged care facilities.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2013 Jul 25;
Looi JC, Byrne GJ, Macfarlane S, McKay R, O’Connor DW

HubMed – addiction

The need for developing preconception counseling in addiction medicine.

Arch Womens Ment Health. 2013 Jul 26;
Rose H, Rolland B, Subtil D, Vaiva G, Jardri R, Cottencin O

HubMed – addiction