Rembrandt Bugatti.

Rembrandt Bugatti.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Br J Psychiatry. 2012 May; 200(5): 358
Cavanaugh R

HubMed – depression

 

Prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder among patients with substance use disorder: it is higher than clinicians think it is.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Eur J Psychotraumatol. 2012; 3:
Gielen N, Havermans RC, Tekelenburg M, Jansen A

This study had three objectives. Firstly, the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and trauma exposure was compared between individuals with and without substance use disorder (SUD). Secondly, we compared self-rating of PTSD and clinical judgement. Thirdly, an analysis of the characteristics of SUD/PTSD patients was performed.The sample consisted of 423 patients with SUD and 206 healthy controls. All individuals were screened on PTSD using the self-rating inventory for PTSD.Significantly higher numbers of PTSD and trauma exposure were found in the SUD group (resp. 36.6 and 97.4%). PTSD went frequently unnoticed when relying on clinical judgement alone. Patients with SUD/PTSD were significantly more often unemployed and had a lower educational level. Axis I comorbidity and especially depressive disorders were more common in the SUD/PTSD group.It is concluded that patients with SUD/PTSD are a substantial and vulnerable subgroup in addiction treatment facilities and that a systematic screening for PTSD is required.
HubMed – depression

 

Examining potential contraindications for prolonged exposure therapy for PTSD.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Eur J Psychotraumatol. 2012; 3:
van Minnen A, Harned MS, Zoellner L, Mills K

Although prolonged exposure (PE) has received the most empirical support of any treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), clinicians are often hesitant to use PE due to beliefs that it is contraindicated for many patients with PTSD. This is especially true for PTSD patients with comorbid problems. Because PTSD has high rates of comorbidity, it is important to consider whether PE is indeed contraindicated for patients with various comorbid problems. Therefore, in this study, we examine the evidence for or against the use of PE with patients with problems that often co-occur with PTSD, including dissociation, borderline personality disorder, psychosis, suicidal behavior and non-suicidal self-injury, substance use disorders, and major depression. It is concluded that PE can be safely and effectively used with patients with these comorbidities, and is often associated with a decrease in PTSD as well as the comorbid problem. In cases with severe comorbidity, however, it is recommended to treat PTSD with PE while providing integrated or concurrent treatment to monitor and address the comorbid problems.
HubMed – depression

 

Depression: Causes and Treatment, 2nd Edition, Alford, Brad A., Beck, Aaron T.,

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Depression: Causes and Treatment: By Aaron T Beck, Brad A Alford
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