Rehabilitation of a Mandibular Segmental Defect With Magnet Retained Maxillofacial Prosthesis.

Rehabilitation of a mandibular segmental defect with magnet retained maxillofacial prosthesis.

Indian J Cancer. 2013 Jan-Mar; 50(1): 21-4
Mantri SS, Mantri SP, Rathod CJ, Bhasin A

Resection or loss of a portion of the mandible can result in a variety of functional, cosmetic and psychological deficits that are dependent on the extent of the defect, the concomitant therapy and the timing of rehabilitative efforts. These impairments greatly affect the patient’s Quality of life (QOL). The thrust in cancer care is not simply on survival but on rehabilitation, which aims to improve multiple impairments and QOL. This article describes a case of a 58-year-old female with segmental resection of the anterior mandible, extending to lower lip, resulting in a large intraoral as well extra oral defect. Prosthodontics rehabilitation was done using a two-piece intra oral and extra oral prosthesis oriented to each other using magnets. Use of magnets for retaining the extra oral prosthesis simplifies the clinical and laboratory phase enhancing patient’s comfort and psychological morale. HubMed – rehab


Challenges in Treating Patients with Major Depressive Disorder: The Impact of Biological and Social Factors.

CNS Drugs. 2013 May 28;
Sato S, Yeh TL

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is frequently unrecognized and underdiagnosed by clinicians and thus remains untreated or inappropriately treated in routine clinical practice. Although the symptoms of MDD are widely acknowledged and recognized by clinicians, numerous epidemiological studies have reported that this disorder is more prevalent than had previously been thought, and that it is challenging to diagnose and treat, particularly because somatic symptoms and comorbid conditions are common in real clinical situations. MDD is associated with increased morbidity and mortality as well as with higher healthcare costs and more severe functional impairment. Therefore, optimal treatment for MDD should include collaboration focussed on comorbid physical diseases, rehabilitation aimed at restoring social functioning, and pharmacotherapy designed to ensure complete remission including psychological and physical symptoms, as well as functional recovery. HubMed – rehab


Treatment of acute ankle ligament injuries: a systematic review.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2013 May 28;
Petersen W, Rembitzki IV, Koppenburg AG, Ellermann A, Liebau C, Brüggemann GP, Best R

BACKGROUND: Lateral ankle sprains are common musculoskeletal injuries. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to perform a systematic literature review of the last 10 years regarding evidence for the treatment and prevention of lateral ankle sprains. DATA SOURCE: Pubmed central, Google scholar. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Meta-analysis, prospective randomized trials, English language articles. INTERVENTIONS: Surgical and non-surgical treatment, immobilization versus functional treatment, different external supports, balance training for rehabilitation, balance training for prevention, braces for prevention. METHODS: A systematic search for articles about the treatment of lateral ankle sprains that were published between January 2002 and December 2012. RESULTS: Three meta-analysis and 19 articles reporting 16 prospective randomized trials could be identified. The main advantage of surgical ankle ligament repair is that objective instability and recurrence rate is less common when compared with non-operative treatment. Balancing the advantages and disadvantages of surgical and non-surgical treatment, we conclude that the majority of grades I, II and III lateral ankle ligament ruptures can be managed without surgery. For non-surgical treatment, long-term immobilization should be avoided. For grade III injuries, however, a short period of immobilization (max. 10 days) in a below knee cast was shown to be advantageous. After this phase, the ankle is most effectively protected against inversion by a semi-rigid ankle brace. Even grades I and II injuries are most effectively treated with a semi-rigid ankle brace. There is evidence that treatment of acute ankle sprains should be supported by a neuromuscular training. Balance training is also effective for the prevention of ankle sprains in athletes with the previous sprains. There is good evidence from high level randomized trials in the literature that the use of a brace is effective for the prevention of ankle sprains. CONCLUSION: Balancing the advantages and disadvantages of surgical and non-surgical treatment, we conclude that the majority of grades I, II and III lateral ankle ligament ruptures can be managed without surgery. The indication for surgical repair should be always made on an individual basis. This systematic review supports a phase adapted non-surgical treatment of acute ankle sprains with a short-term immobilization for grade III injuries followed by a semi-rigid brace. More prospective randomized studies with a longer follow-up are needed to find out what type of non-surgical treatment has the lowest re-sprain rate. HubMed – rehab


Application of ultrasound to the median sensory and ulnar motor nerve conduction studies.

Muscle Nerve. 2013 May 25;
Chen H

HubMed – rehab