Rehab Centers: The Role of Dietary Counseling and Nutrition Support in Head and Neck Cancer Patients.

The role of dietary counseling and nutrition support in head and neck cancer patients.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Curr Opin Support Palliat Care. 2012 Oct 4;
Platek ME

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Head and neck cancer patients frequently present with malnutrition. Treatment options put the patient at further nutritional risk. Inadequate nutritional status is associated with poor prognosis. Dietary counseling and nutrition support can positively impact prognosis; however, the evidence is sparse and of poor quality. The aim of this review is to summarize the current evidence concerning the role of dietary counseling and nutrition support in head and neck cancer patients undergoing curative treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: There remains a lack of evidence both in quantity and quality. Current findings support a role for dietary counseling and nutrition support from diagnosis through rehabilitation. Prognostic indicators for nutrition support include tumor location, tumor stage, and multimodal treatment. Results of an innovative nutrition-based care delivery model were positive. SUMMARY: Dietary counseling is appropriate for all head and neck cancer patients to enable adequate oral intake from diagnosis through rehabilitation; however, some patients require nutrition support. Prognostic indicators and predictive models have been developed to identify patients who require early nutrition support. Next steps include development of evidence-based nutrition care paths that are tested at multiple sites using well designed longitudinal studies and randomized clinical trials.
HubMed – rehab


Use of hand diagrams in screening for ulnar neuropathy: Comparison with electrodiagnostic studies.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Muscle Nerve. 2012 May 7;
Werner RA, Chiodo T, Spiegelberg T, Franzblau A

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to determine whether a hand diagram could be used to predict ulnar mononeuropathy. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 117 consecutive patients referred for hand symptoms. Each subject filled out a hand diagram of symptoms and had median and ulnar sensory and motor nerve conduction studies, including ulnar conduction across the elbow. RESULTS: The best model for predicting an ulnar mononeuropathy included hand diagram scores of definite or possible. The model had a sensitivity of 50% and specificity of 93% with an ROC area of 0.90. CONCLUSIONS: The ulnar hand diagram scoring system can be useful as a screening tool in the electrodiagnostic laboratory or for epidemiologic studies. Muscle Nerve, 2012.
HubMed – rehab


Field-based measures of head impacts in high school football athletes.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Curr Opin Pediatr. 2012 Oct 4;
Broglio SP, Eckner JT, Kutcher JS

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent technological advances have allowed the in-vivo measurement of impacts sustained to the head during helmeted sports. These measurements are of interest to researchers and clinicians for their potential to understand both the underlying mechanics of concussive injuries and the potential for real-time injury diagnostics. Following an overview of impact biomechanics, this review will evaluate the following: in-vivo technology being used in American football players; impact frequencies and magnitudes; and the biomechanical threshold for concussion. RECENT FINDINGS: The average high school athlete sustains over 650 impacts in a season, and the level at which concussion occurs is approximately 100?g and 5500?rad/s/s. SUMMARY: High school athletes sustain a significant number of head impacts each year. The impacts are similar in both volume and magnitude when compared with collegiate athletes. The magnitude of impact that results in concussion is also the same at both levels of play, although the collegiate athlete may have a higher injury tolerance.
HubMed – rehab


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