Rehab Centers: The NHV Rehabilitation Services Program Improves Long-Term Physical Functioning in Survivors of the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake: A Longitudinal Quasi Experiment.

The NHV Rehabilitation Services Program Improves Long-Term Physical Functioning in Survivors of the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake: A Longitudinal Quasi Experiment.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

PLoS One. 2013; 8(1): e53995
Zhang X, Reinhardt JD, Gosney JE, Li J

Long-term disability following natural disasters significantly burdens survivors and the impacted society. Nevertheless, medical rehabilitation programming has been historically neglected in disaster relief planning. ‘NHV’ is a rehabilitation services program comprised of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) (N), local health departments (H), and professional rehabilitation volunteers (V) which aims to improve long-term physical functioning in survivors of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the NHV program.510 of 591 enrolled earthquake survivors participated in this longitudinal quasi-experimental study (86.3%). The early intervention group (NHV-E) consisted of 298 survivors who received institutional-based rehabilitation (IBR) followed by community-based rehabilitation (CBR); the late intervention group (NHV-L) was comprised of 101 survivors who began rehabilitation one year later. The control group of 111 earthquake survivors did not receive IBR/CBR. Physical functioning was assessed using the Barthel Index (BI). Data were analyzed with a mixed-effects Tobit regression model. Physical functioning was significantly increased in the NHV-E and NHV-L groups at follow-up but not in the control group after adjustment for gender, age, type of injury, and time to measurement. We found significant effects of both NHV (11.14, 95% CI 9.0-13.3) and sponaneaous recovery (5.03; 95% CI 1.73-8.34). The effect of NHV-E (11.3, 95% CI 9.0-13.7) was marginally greater than that of NHV-L (10.7, 95% CI 7.9-13.6). It could, however, not be determined whether specific IBR or CBR program components were effective since individual component exposures were not evaluated.Our analysis shows that the NHV improved the long-term physical functioning of Sichuan earthquake survivors with disabling injuries. The comprehensive rehabilitation program benefitted the individual and society, rehabilitation services in China, and international rehabilitation disaster relief planning. Similar IBR/CBR programs should therefore be considered for future large-scale rehabilitation disaster relief efforts.
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Heterotopic ossification following total hip replacement for acetabular fractures.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Bone Joint J. 2013 Jan; 95-B(1): 95-100
Chémaly O, Hebert-Davies J, Rouleau DM, Benoit B, Laflamme GY

Early total hip replacement (THR) for acetabular fractures offers accelerated rehabilitation, but a high risk of heterotopic ossification (HO) has been reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of HO, its associated risk factors and functional impact. A total of 40 patients with acetabular fractures treated with a THR weres retrospectively reviewed. The incidence and severity of HO were evaluated using the modified Brooker classification, and the functional outcome assessed. The overall incidence of HO was 38% (n = 15), with nine severe grade III cases. Patients who underwent surgery early after injury had a fourfold increased chance of developing HO. The mean blood loss and operating time were more than twice that of those whose surgery was delayed (p = 0.002 and p < 0.001, respectively). In those undergoing early THR, the incidence of grade III HO was eight times higher than in those in whom THR was delayed (p = 0.01). Only three of the seven patients with severe HO showed good or excellent Harris hip scores compared with eight of nine with class 0, I or II HO (p = 0.049). Associated musculoskeletal injuries, high-energy trauma and head injuries were associated with the development of grade III HO.The incidence of HO was significantly higher in patients with a displaced acetabular fracture undergoing THR early compared with those undergoing THR later and this had an adverse effect on the functional outcome.Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:95-100. HubMed – rehab


Segmental mobility, disc height and patient-reported outcomes after surgery for degenerative disc disease: A prospective randomised trial comparing disc replacement and multidisciplinary rehabilitation.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Bone Joint J. 2013 Jan; 95-B(1): 81-9
Johnsen LG, Brinckmann P, Hellum C, Rossvoll I, Leivseth G

This prospective multicentre study was undertaken to determine segmental movement, disc height and sagittal alignment after total disc replacement (TDR) in the lumbosacral spine and to assess the correlation of biomechanical properties to clinical outcomes.A total of 173 patients with degenerative disc disease and low back pain for more than one year were randomised to receive either TDR or multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR). Segmental movement in the sagittal plane and disc height were measured using distortion compensated roentgen analysis (DCRA) comparing radiographs in active flexion and extension. Correlation analysis between the range of movement or disc height and patient-reported outcomes was performed in both groups. After two years, no significant change in movement in the sagittal plane was found in segments with TDR or between the two treatment groups. It remained the same or increased slightly in untreated segments in the TDR group and in this group there was a significant increase in disc height in the operated segments. There was no correlation between segmental movement or disc height and patient-reported outcomes in either group.In this study, insertion of an intervertebral disc prosthesis TDR did not increase movement in the sagittal plane and segmental movement did not correlate with patient-reported outcomes. This suggests that in the lumbar spine the movement preserving properties of TDR are not major determinants of clinical outcomes.Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:81-9.
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Strategies Adopted by Cerebellar Ataxia Patients to Perform U-Turns.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Cerebellum. 2013 Jan 11;
Serrao M, Mari S, Conte C, Ranavolo A, Casali C, Draicchio F, Di Fabio R, Bartolo M, Monamì S, Padua L, Pierelli F

Cerebellar ataxia is associated with unsteady, stumbling gait, and affected patients report a high rate of falls, particularly during locomotor tasks. U-turns (180° turns while walking) require a high level of coordination in order to completely reverse the body trajectory during ongoing motion, and they are particularly challenging for patients with cerebellar ataxia. The aim of this study was to investigate the kinematic strategies adopted by ataxic patients when performing U-turns. Nine ataxic patients and ten controls were analysed as they performed 180° turns to the right while walking. We evaluated the following aspects: centre of mass velocity, body rotation, number of steps needed to complete the task, step length and step width, lower limb joint kinematics and segmental reorientation. Compared with controls, the ataxic patients showed slower deceleration and re-acceleration of the body, needed more steps to complete the U-turn, showed markedly reduced step length and were unable to modulate step width between steps. Furthermore, the patients adopted an extended joint rather than a flexed joint turning strategy, and the degree of knee flexion was found to be negatively correlated with the number of falls. Ataxic patients show an abnormal U-turn in comparison to age-matched healthy subjects. Some of the observed alterations are indicative of a primary deficit in limb-joint coordination, whereas others suggest that patients choose a compensatory strategy aimed at reducing the instability.
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Clinical significance and novel mechanism of action of kallikrein 6 in glioblastoma.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Neuro Oncol. 2013 Jan 10;
Drucker KL, Paulsen AR, Giannini C, Decker PA, Blaber SI, Blaber M, Uhm JH, O’Neill BP, Jenkins RB, Scarisbrick IA

BackgroundKallikreins have prognostic value in specific malignancies, but few studies have addressed their clinical significance to glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Kallikrein 6 (KLK6) is of potential high relevance to GBM, since it is upregulated at sites of CNS pathology and linked to reactive astrogliosis. Here we examine the clinical value of KLK6 as a prognostic indicator of GBM patient survival and its activity in promoting resistance to cytotoxic agents.MethodsThe association between patient survival and levels of KLK6 immunoreactivity were investigated in 60 grade IV astrocytoma tumor specimens. Levels of KLK6 RNA were also evaluated in a separate set of GBM patient tumors (n = 23). Recombinant KLK6 or enforced KLK6 overexpression in GBM cell lines was used to evaluate effects on astrocytoma cell survival.ResultsA range of KLK6 expression was observed across grade IV tumors, with higher levels a poor prognostic indicator of patient survival (P = .02) even after adjusting for gender and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance scores (P = .01). KLK6 reduced the sensitivity of GBM cell lines to cytotoxic agents, including staurosporine and cisplatin, and to the current standard of patient care: radiotherapy or temozolomide alone or in combination. The ability of KLK6 to promote resistance to apoptosis was dependent on activation of the thrombin receptor, protease activated receptor 1.ConclusionsTaken together, these results indicate that elevated levels of KLK6 in GBM are likely to promote the resistance of tumor cells to cytotoxic agents and are an indicator of reduced patient postsurgical survival times.
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Tiffany DiPanni Chief Marketing Officer at County Line Chiropractic Medical & Rehab Centers – Tiffany DiPanni is part of the Executive Team at County Line Chiropractic Medical & Rehab Centers. She currently serves as the Chief Marketing Officer and is responsible for all marketing, branding, and community awareness efforts. If you would like to speak to Tiffany about an upcoming event please call 1-800-811-1231. WWW.COUNTYLINECHIRO.COM


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