Rehab Centers: Altered Trunk Muscle Coordination During Rapid Trunk Flexion in People in Remission of Recurrent Low Back Pain.

Altered trunk muscle coordination during rapid trunk flexion in people in remission of recurrent low back pain.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2012 Oct 15;
D’hooge R, Hodges P, Tsao H, Hall L, Macdonald D, Danneels L

People with a history of low back pain (LBP) are at high risk to encounter additional LBP episodes. During LBP remission, altered trunk muscle control has been suggested to negatively impact spinal health. As sudden LBP onset is commonly reported during trunk flexion, the aim of the current study is to investigate whether dynamic trunk muscle recruitment is altered in LBP remission. Eleven people in remission of recurrent LBP and 14 pain free controls performed cued trunk flexion during a loaded and unloaded condition. Electromyographic activity was recorded from paraspinal (lumbar and thoracic erector spinae, latissimus dorsi, deep and superficial multifidus) and abdominal muscles (obliquus internus, externus and rectus abdominis) with surface and fine-wire electrodes. LBP participants exhibited higher levels of co-contraction of flexor/extensor muscles, lower agonistic abdominal and higher antagonistic paraspinal muscle activity than controls, both when data were analyzed in grouped and individual muscle behavior. A sub-analysis in people with unilateral LBP (n=6) pointed to opposing changes in deep and superficial multifidus in relation to the pain side. These results suggest that dynamic trunk muscle control is modified during LBP remission, and might possibly increase spinal load and result in earlier muscle fatigue due to intensified muscle usage. These negative consequences for spinal health could possibly contribute to recurrence of LBP.
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Morphologic assessment of mandibular reconstruction by free fibula flap and donor-site functional impairment in a series of 23 patients.

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis. 2012 Oct 15;
Bartaire E, Mouawad F, Mallet Y, Milet P, El Bedoui S, Ton Van J, Chevalier D, Lefebvre JL

INTRODUCTION: Micro-anastomosed free fibula flap is an attitude of choice in mandibular defect repair in oncology, enabling effective functional rehabilitation. The present study assessed donor and recipient site morphology and donor-site sequelae. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study consecutively recruited patients undergoing mandibular resection with free fibula flap reconstruction in our centre between December 2003 and September 2008. Assessment on adapted scales was performed by two independent expert physicians and patient self-assessment. RESULTS: Out of 49 mandibular reconstructions performed in the centre over the 5-year study period, 23 patients free of recurrence were included. Satisfaction rates were 73% for the recipient site and 70% for the donor-site, with patient/expert agreement of 47% and 49.5% respectively. Donor-site impact was mainly in terms of reduced ankle range of motion (43% of cases) and flexion strength (39%) and discomfort in running (35%) and walking (26%). Risk factors for dissatisfaction were more than 5% weight loss at admission for recipient site dissatisfaction (patient, P=0.012; expert, P=0.046), and skin graft for donor-site dissatisfaction (patient, P=0.04; expert, P=0.035). CONCLUSION: Free fibula flap was associated with high satisfaction rates, but non-negligible donor-site impact.
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Intensive Hemodialysis in the (Nursing) Home: the Bright Side of Geriatric ESRD Care?

Filed under: Rehab Centers

Semin Dial. 2012 Oct 19;
Cornelis T, Kotanko P, Goffin E, van der Sande FM, Kooman JP, Chan CT

Elderly ESRD patients often lose functionality when they start dialysis, which may be due to a variety of clinical problems. We recently postulated that intensive (longer and/or more frequent) hemodialysis (HD) may be the ideal strategy to try to prevent these ESRD- and dialysis-related complications, including dialysis-induced hypotension, cardiac and cerebral events, malnutrition, infections, sleep problems, and psychological issues. The feasibility of home dialysis therapies has been demonstrated in observational studies. As self-care dialysis is often a challenge in the elderly patient, assisted intensive home HD may facilitate the long-term continuation of this modality. Intensive nursing home HD seems to be an attractive goal for the future because many elderly ESRD patients reside in an extended care facility. Combination with rehabilitation and support by social worker and psychologist remains crucial in the holistic approach toward the elderly ESRD patient. Further studies are required to test the potential protective effects of intensive HD on functionality and quality of life in elderly ESRD patients, and to elucidate the mechanisms underlying frailty and other geriatric syndromes in this highly vulnerable patient population.
HubMed – rehab



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