[Privacy : A Most Important Dimension for the Quality of Life of Nursing Home Residents.]

[Privacy : A most important dimension for the quality of life of nursing home residents.]

Z Gerontol Geriatr. 2013 Mar 10;
Behr A, Meyer R, Holzhausen M, Kuhlmey A, Schenk L

BACKGROUND: A fundamental aim of social science and for practitioners is the improvement of the quality of life of inpatients residing in long-term care homes. This research aims to determine aspects of their privacy in the context of quality of life from the residents’ perspective, which has long been neglected. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A total of 42 narrative interviews with nursing home residents were conducted and analyzed using the documentary method. RESULTS: Four dimensions of privacy were identified. Intimate areas concern personal hygiene and toilet matters, non-intimate areas included mainly eating and the residents’ private living area. Violations of privacy are associated with unpleasant feelings such as shame and disgust and are often subject to taboos. Respondents tended to be more open to talk about taboo subjects the less the topic referred to their own body. CONCLUSION: Privacy is perceived as a significant aspect of the respondents’ quality of life. To be able to address inhibition thresholds and shameful topics, a good relationship between patient and personnel is required. This postulates that the caregivers are also aware of their own inhibition threshold and negative feelings. HubMed – eating


DBS for treatment-refractory anorexia nervosa.

Lancet. 2013 Mar 6;
Treasure J, Schmidt U

HubMed – eating


Subcallosal cingulate deep brain stimulation for treatment-refractory anorexia nervosa: a phase 1 pilot trial.

Lancet. 2013 Mar 6;
Lipsman N, Woodside DB, Giacobbe P, Hamani C, Carter JC, Norwood SJ, Sutandar K, Staab R, Elias G, Lyman CH, Smith GS, Lozano AM

BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa is characterised by a chronic course that is refractory to treatment in many patients and has one of the highest mortality rates of any psychiatric disorder. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been applied to circuit-based neuropsychiatric diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease and major depression, with promising results. We aimed to assess the safety of DBS to modulate the activity of limbic circuits and to examine how this might affect the clinical features of anorexia nervosa. METHODS: We did a phase 1, prospective trial of subcallosal cingulate DBS in six patients with chronic, severe, and treatment-refractory anorexia nervosa. Eligible patients were aged 20-60 years, had been diagnosed with restricting or binge-purging anorexia nervosa, and showed evidence of chronicity or treatment resistance. Patients underwent medical optimisation preoperatively and had baseline body-mass index (BMI), psychometric, and neuroimaging investigations, followed by implantation of electrodes and pulse generators for continuous delivery of electrical stimulation. Patients were followed up for 9 months after DBS activation, and the primary outcome of adverse events associated with surgery or stimulation was monitored at every follow-up visit. Repeat psychometric assessments, BMI measurements, and neuroimaging investigations were also done at various intervals. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01476540. FINDINGS: DBS was associated with several adverse events, only one of which (seizure during programming, roughly 2 weeks after surgery) was serious. Other related adverse events were panic attack during surgery, nausea, air embolus, and pain. After 9 months, three of the six patients had achieved and maintained a BMI greater than their historical baselines. DBS was associated with improvements in mood, anxiety, affective regulation, and anorexia nervosa-related obsessions and compulsions in four patients and with improvements in quality of life in three patients after 6 months of stimulation. These clinical benefits were accompanied by changes in cerebral glucose metabolism (seen in a comparison of composite PET scans at baseline and 6 months) that were consistent with a reversal of the abnormalities seen in the anterior cingulate, insula, and parietal lobe in the disorder. INTERPRETATION: Subcallosal cingulate DBS seems to be generally safe in this sample of patients with chronic and treatment-refractory anorexia nervosa. FUNDING: Klarman Family Foundation Grants Program in Eating Disorders Research and Canadian Institutes of Health Research. HubMed – eating



Learning Matters: Eating Disorders On College Campuses (2007) – The prevalence of eating disorders in society is hard to ignore. As many as 10 million women and 1 million men in the United States alone have either anorexi…