Prevalence of Current, 12-Month and Lifetime Major Depressive Disorder Among Patients With Systemic Sclerosis.

Prevalence of current, 12-month and lifetime major depressive disorder among patients with systemic sclerosis.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Rheumatology (Oxford). 2012 Dec 18;
Jewett LR, Razykov I, Hudson M, Baron M, Thombs BD,

Objectives. Patients with SSc experience a range of problems affecting their quality of life, but only one small study has assessed the prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) in SSc. The objectives of this study were: (i) to assess the prevalence of current (30-day), 12-month and lifetime MDD in a large sample of Canadian SSc patients; and (ii) to investigate socio-demographic and disease factors associated with 12-month MDD.Methods. SSc patients were recruited from seven Canadian Scleroderma Research Group Registry sites (April 2009 to May 2012). MDD and history of a prior depression episode (major or minor) were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview.Results. Among 345 patients, prevalence of 30-day, 12-month and lifetime MDD was 3.8% (95% CI 2.2%, 6.3%; n = 13), 10.7% (95% CI 7.9%, 14.4%; n = 37) and 22.9% (95% CI 18.8%, 27.6%; n = 79), respectively. Patients with 12-month MDD had more severe gastrointestinal track involvement than patients without 12-month MDD, but there were no other significant differences on socio-demographic or disease variables. Among patients with 12-month MDD, 81.1% (95% CI 65.8%, 90.3%) reported a prior depression episode compared with 3.9% (95% CI 2.2%, 6.7%) among patients without 12-month MDD (P < 0.01).Conclusion. The prevalence of 30-day, 12-month and lifetime MDD among Canadian SSc patients is approximately twice that of the Canadian general population and somewhat higher than in arthritis. SSc patients face a range of psychosocial problems and may benefit from a broad supportive care approach. HubMed – depression

 

Magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging in the differential diagnosis of gastric adenoma and carcinoma and identification of a simple indicator.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

J Gastrointestin Liver Dis. 2012 Dec; 21(4): 383-90
Mochizuki Y, Saito Y, Kobori A, Ban H, Ishida M, Fujiyama Y, Andoh A

Discrimination of gastric adenomas from adenocarcinomas by conventional endoscopy is difficult. Therefore, we evaluated the usefulness of magnifying endoscopy combined with narrow-band imaging for this differential diagnosis.Forty-nine consecutive gastric lesions were diagnosed as adenomas by conventional endoscopy with forceps biopsy and finally resected by endoscopic submucosal dissection. The findings from magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging were retrospectively classified into five types according to the marginal crypt epithelium and microvascular pattern: Types I and II (clear marginal crypt epithelium combined with regular or unclear microvascular pattern) and Types III, IV, and V (unclear marginal crypt epithelium combined with regular, irregular, or unclear microvascular pattern).Conventional endoscopy showed 39 flat elevated-type lesions (0-IIa) and 10 flat elevated-type lesions with depression (0-IIa+IIc). The patterns on magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging were Type I (n = 8), Type II (n = 8), Type III (n = 2), Type IV (n = 30), and Type V (n = 1). The final histological diagnoses after endoscopic submucosal dissection were adenoma (n = 20), adenocarcinoma in adenoma (n = 22), and adenocarcinoma (n = 7). The cancer-bearing rates were Type I (0%), Type II (0%), Type III (100%), Type IV (89.7%), and Type V (100%). Among the expert endoscopists, intra- and interobserver ? values for each type were 0.85 each, with 92.0% and 88.0% consensus of diagnoses, respectively.Magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging is a powerful tool for diagnosing gastric borderline lesions.
HubMed – depression

 

Analysis of genetic polymorphisms of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase in depressed patients in a Slovak (Caucasian) population.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Gen Physiol Biophys. 2012 Dec; 31(4): 415-22
Evinova A, Babusikova E, Straka S, Ondrejka I, Lehotsky J

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder where both gene-gene and gene-environment interactions play an important role, but the clues are still not fully understood. One carbon metabolism in the CNS plays a critical role in the synthesis and release of neurotransmitters which are relevant to depressive disorder. We studied genetic polymorphisms of the brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) in association with major depressive disorder. We genotyped the BDNF G196A, the MTHFR C677T, and A1298C polymorphisms in 134 patients diagnosed with major depression and 143 control subjects in Slovak (Caucasian) cohort of patients and probands. We found no significant association of either the BDNF G196A or MTHFR C677T polymorphisms with major depressive disorder neither in female nor male group of patients. However, the MTHFR A1298C genotype distribution was 36.6% (for AA genotype), 48.5% (AC) and 14.9% (CC) for the depressed patients, and 48.9% (AA), 42.7% (AC) and 8.4% (CC), respectively, for the control subjects. Patients with MDD had a higher prevalence of the CC genotype (OR = 2.38; 95% CI = 1.07-5.32; p = 0.032) and the AC + CC genotype (OR = 1.67; 95% CI = 1.03-2.69; p = 0.037) in comparison with the control subjects. This study shows that CC genotype of the MTHFR A1298C is associated with higher risk of MDD in Slovak population.
HubMed – depression

 

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