Predicting Impulsive Self-Injurious Behavior in a Sample of Adult Women.

Predicting impulsive self-injurious behavior in a sample of adult women.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

J Nerv Ment Dis. 2013 Jan; 201(1): 72-5
Black EB, Mildred H

ABSTRACT: Different types of self-injury have been classified as reflecting impulsive and compulsive characteristics (article by Simeon and Favazza [Self-injurious Behaviors: Assessment and Treatment {pp 1-28}. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc, 2001]). The current research used a prospective design to evaluate whether there is a progression between these different types of self-injurious behaviors (SIB) over time. Support was found for a progression from compulsive SIB (including hair pulling, nail-biting, skin picking, scratching, and preventing wounds from healing) to impulsive SIB (including cutting, burning, carving, pin sticking, and punching) in a group of adult women (N = 106). Other factors hypothesized to be linked to this outcome were disordered eating, age, and personality facets of impulsivity (specifically, urgency and lack of perseverance). Of these variables, only urgency positively predicted impulsive SIB at the study’s conclusion. These findings are discussed, limitations of the study are noted, and directions for future research are outlined.
HubMed – eating

 

Television watching and the emotional impact on social modeling of food intake among children.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Appetite. 2012 Dec 27;
Bevelander KE, Meiselman HL, Anschütz DJ, Engels RC

The main goal of this study was to test whether exposure to happy, neutral, or sad media content influences social modeling effects of (snack) food intake in young children. The study was conducted at 14 Dutch urban and suburban primary schools. The participants (N = 112) were asked to watch a movie with a same-sex normal-weight confederate who was instructed to eat either nothing or a standardized amount of snack food (10 chocolate-coated peanuts). The study involved a 3 (movie clips: happy, neutral, and sad) x 2 (peer’s food intake: no intake versus a standardized intake) between-participants design. A significant interaction between the movie clip condition and intake condition was found (F(2,102) = 3.30, P = .04, Cohen’s f(2) = .20). Positive as well as negative emotions were found to lead to adjustment to the intake of a peer, as compared to that of children in the neutral movie condition. The findings suggest that children eat more mindlessly when watching an emotional movie and, therefore, respond more automatically to a peer’s food intake, whereas children may be less susceptible to a peer’s intake while watching a neutral movie. As young children are not in the position to choose their food consumption environment yet, parents and schools should provide consumption settings that limit eating in front of the television.
HubMed – eating

 

Feeding and drinking skills in preterm and low birth weight infants compared to full term infants at a corrected age of nine months.

Filed under: Eating Disorders

Early Hum Dev. 2012 Dec 26;
den Boer SL, Schipper JA

Feeding and drinking skills were registered in 47 preterm (<32weeks) and/or low birth weight (<1500g) infants and compared to 52 healthy full term infants at a (corrected) age of nine months. In the preterm and/or SGA infants a delay was found for sufficient postural balance, drinking independently from a bottle, eating skills and accepting teeth brushing at a corrected age of nine months compared to healthy controls. For tongue position and movement, and choking during drinking no difference was found between both groups. HubMed – eating

 


 

Andy Morgan – A Story – A documentary exploring the Suicide of one Dublin man. The piece looks at the man himself and the family and friends he left behind. If you have been affected by any of the events in this story and/or have been affected by suicide or are experiencing suicidal or self harm thoughts? Please call and seek help at any of the following…. AWARE www.aware.ie 1890 30 33 02 wecanhelp@aware.ie A service for people who experience depression and concerned family & friends Barnardos www.barnardos.ie 01 473 2110 bereavement@barnardos.ie Bereavement Counselling for Children is a service for children and young people who have lost someone close to them Bodywhys www.bodywhys.ie 1890 20 04 44 alex@bodywhys.ie Provides support to people affected by eating disorders Console www.console.ie 1800 20 18 90 info@console.ie Supporting and helping people bereaved through suicide GROW www.grow.ie 1890 47 44 74 info@grow.ie A Mental Health Organisation which helps people who have suffered, or are suffering, from mental health problems Health Service Executive www.hse.ie 1850 24 18 50 Irelands national health and social care provider Living Links www.livinglinks.ie 087 412 2052 info@livinglinks.ie Providing assertive outreach support to the suicide bereaved Pieta House www.pieta.ie 01 601 0000 mary@pieta.ie Centre for the Prevention of Self-Harm or Suicide Rehabcare www.headsup.ie 01 205 7200 info@headsup.ie A mental health promotion project which aims to contribute to suicide prevention efforts by

 

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