Periarticular Injection in Knee Arthroplasty Improves Quadriceps Function.

Periarticular Injection in Knee Arthroplasty Improves Quadriceps Function.

Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013 Mar 21;
Chaumeron A, Audy D, Drolet P, Lavigne M, Vendittoli PA

BACKGROUND: The postoperative analgesic potential of periarticular anesthetic infiltration (PAI) after TKA is unclear as are the complications of continuous femoral nerve block on quadriceps function. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We asked (1) whether PAI provides equal or improved postoperative pain control in comparison to a femoral nerve block in patients who have undergone TKA; and (2) if so, whether PAI improves early postoperative quadriceps control and facilitates rehabilitation. METHODS: We randomized 60 patients to receive either PAI or femoral nerve block. During the first 5 days after TKA, we compared narcotic consumption, pain control, quadriceps function, walking distance, knee ROM, capacity to perform a straight leg raise, and active knee extension. Medication-related side effects, complications, operating room time, and hospitalization duration were compared. RESULTS: Opioid consumption was lower in the PAI group during the first 8 postoperative hours (12.5 mg versus 18.7 mg morphine), as was reported pain at rest (1.7 versus 3.5 on a 10-point VAS). Thereafter, narcotic consumption and reported pain were similar up to 120 hours. More subjects in the femoral nerve block group experienced quadriceps motor block (37% versus 0% in the PAI group). On Days 1 to 3, subjects in the PAI group experienced better capacity to perform the straight leg raise, active knee extension, and had longer walking distances. CONCLUSIONS: PAI provided pain control equivalent to that of a femoral nerve block while avoiding a motor block and its negative functional impacts. The data suggest it should be considered an alternative to a femoral nerve block. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level I, therapeutic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. HubMed – rehab


Autonomic dysreflexia and nursing interventions for patients with spinal cord injury.

Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2013 Feb; 47(1): 93-100
Andrade LT, Araújo EG, Andrade KD, Souza DR, Garcia TR, Chianca TC

This retrospective study, performed in 2009, aimed to identify nursing diagnoses and interventions for the care of patients with spinal cord injury. Data were collected from the nursing records of 465 patients with SCI undergoing rehabilitation. The nursing diagnosis Risk for autonomic dysreflexia was identified in 271 clinical records (58, 3%). Approximately 80 patients developed autonomic dysreflexia, with a predominance in young men around 35.7 years old, who had experienced a trauma as the main cause of the injury. Their neurological injury level was at the sixth thoracic vertebra or above. Nursing interventions were arranged in two groups, one focused on prevention and the other on treatment. An intervention guide was developed and can be used by nurses in their clinical practice of rehabilitation and can be included into information systems. The removal of the stimulus which causes autonomic dysreflexia was identified as the most effective therapy and the best intervention. HubMed – rehab


Perceived body image and weight: discrepancies and gender differences among University undergraduates.

Afr Health Sci. 2012 Dec; 12(4): 464-72
Maruf F, Akinpelu A, Nwankwo M

Body image (BI) is a multidimensional construct that includes perceptual, attitudinal, behavioural components, and feedback from other people’s perception of oneself. The feedback from others and the degree to which one accepts or rejects it can determine self evaluation and perception. Body weight perception is a strong determinant of nutritional habits and weight management among adolescents. One of the barriers to reducing rise in obesity prevalence could be its cultural acceptability in some developing countries.To explore the gender influences on perception of self- and opposite-sex body images (BI), perceived body weight and the actual body weight categories at which discrepancies occur among the perceived BIs in undergraduates.This was a survey of perceptual dimension of BI, perceived body weight and actual body weight carried out in 121 undergraduates aged 21-29years.Discrepancies occurred between self-perceived BI and each of actual body weight (p= 0.00 at 0.00-0.02 confidence interval (CI)), perceived body weight (p= 0.01 at 0.000-0.02 CI) and self-ideal BI (p= 0.03 at 0.000-0.05 CI) of normal-weight males. Self-perceived BI and perceived body weight also differed in normal-weight females (p= 0.02 at 0.000-0.04 CI). Discrepancies (p= 0.02 at 0.00-0.04 CI) occurred between self-perceived BI and self-ideal BI, and between self-perceived BI and desired BI (p= 0.02 at 0.00-0.04 CI) in overweight females. Gender differences occurred for self-ideal BI (p= 0.00 at 0.00-0.02 CI), ideal image for the opposite sex (IBIOS) (p= 0.02 at 0.00-0.04 CI) and desired BI (p= 0.00 at 0.00-0.02 CI).Normal-weight males perceived their BI differently from their actual body weight, perceived body weight and self-ideal BI whereas normal-weight females perceived their BI differently from only their perceived body weight. Discrepancies occur between self-ideal BI and self-perceived BI, and between self-perceived BI and desired BI in overweight females. There are differential perceptions of self-ideal BI, IBIOS and desired BI between males and females. HubMed – rehab


Differences in Dysphagia Between Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 3 and Type 6.

Dysphagia. 2013 Mar 21;
Isono C, Hirano M, Sakamoto H, Ueno S, Kusunoki S, Nakamura Y

Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a group of neurodegenerative disorders frequently associated with autosomal dominant inheritance. SCA type 3 (SCA3) and SCA type 6 (SCA6) are the most common forms in Japan as well as the rest of the world. SCA3 affects multiple nervous systems while SCA6 affects mainly the cerebellar system. Dysphagia is clinically important since aspiration pneumonia is the most common cause of death in patients with SCA. We retrospectively studied dysphagia in 7 patients with SCA3 and 13 with SCA6 by videofluoroscopic examination of swallowing (VF). This is a larger series of patients with SCA6 than in previous studies, which had inconsistent results. Dysphagia was evaluated according to the scale established by the Japanese Society of Dysphagia Rehabilitation and the dysphagia outcome severity scale, an internationally used scale. The former separately evaluates oral and pharyngeal phases, while the latter concurrently grades both phases. Dysphagia according to the Japanese scale was mild but statistically significant in SCA6 and severe in SCA3. DOSS indicated abnormalities in SCA3 but not in SCA6. The swallowing abnormalities in SCA3 or SCA6 did not parallel the duration of disease or physical disability, suggesting that even patients with early disease or with well-preserved physical functions were at risk for aspiration. Our patients with dysphagia received percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy-tube feeding at an appropriate time and underwent rehabilitation of swallowing. No patient had aspiration pneumonia. In conclusion, evaluation of swallowing ability by VF is essential for preventing aspiration in patients with SCA. HubMed – rehab



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