Pathways to Service Receipt: Modeling Parent Help-Seeking for Childhood Mental Health Problems.

Pathways to Service Receipt: Modeling Parent Help-Seeking for Childhood Mental Health Problems.

Adm Policy Ment Health. 2013 Mar 17;
Godoy L, Mian ND, Eisenhower AS, Carter AS

Understanding parent appraisals of child behavior problems and parental help-seeking can reduce unmet mental health needs. Research has examined individual contributors to help-seeking and service receipt, but use of structural equation modeling (SEM) is rare. SEM was used to examine parents’ appraisal of child behavior, thoughts about seeking help, and receipt of professional services in a diverse, urban sample (N = 189) recruited from women infant and children offices. Parents of children 11-60 months completed questionnaires about child behavior and development, parent well-being, help-seeking experiences, and service receipt. Child internalizing, externalizing, and dysregulation problems, language delay, and parent worry about child behavior loaded onto parent appraisal of child behavior. Parent stress and depression were positively associated with parent appraisal (and help-seeking). Parent appraisal and help-seeking were similar across child sex and age. In a final model, parent appraisals were significantly associated with parent thoughts about seeking help, which was significantly associated with service receipt. HubMed – depression


Influence of Personality on the Relationship Between Gray Matter Volume and Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Multiple Sclerosis.

Psychosom Med. 2013 Mar 15;
Benedict RH, Schwartz CE, Duberstein P, Healy B, Hoogs M, Bergsland N, Dwyer MG, Weinstock-Guttman B, Zivadinov R

ObjectiveResearch has revealed an association between personality traits and health outcomes, and in multiple sclerosis (MS), there are preliminary data showing a correlation between personality traits and brain volume. We examined the general hypothesis that personality influences the relationship between gray matter volume (GMV) and cognitive/neuropsychiatric MS features.MethodsParticipants were 98 patients with MS who underwent magnetic resonance imaging and were tested with the Symbol Digit Modalities Test and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, the latter providing measures of depression and euphoria that can be characteristic of MS, that is, cheerful indifference and disinhibition. Personality traits were assessed with the NEO Five Factor Inventory. We examined the correlation between personality traits and both GMV and symptoms, and then modeled mediation and moderation influences on the relationships between GMV and cognitive/neuropsychiatric features.ResultsLinear regression modeling revealed that GMV (r = 0.54, p < .001) and NEO Five Factor Inventory low conscientiousness (r = 0.36, p = .001) were associated with cognitive function, but no mediator or moderator effects were observed. However, conscientiousness mediated the relationship between GMV and symptoms of euphoria (p = .002). The moderator analysis revealed a significant influence of high neuroticism on the GMV-euphoria relationship (p = .029).ConclusionsLow conscientiousness and high neuroticism are associated with neuropsychiatric complications in MS, and each influences the relationship between GMV and euphoria. The findings suggest that patients with low conscientiousness are at higher risk for MS-associated cognitive dysfunction and neuropsychiatric symptoms, a conclusion that has implications for the emerging role of personality in clinical neuroscience. HubMed – depression


Six month post-treatment deterioration in acceptance (CPAQ-8) and cognitions following multidisciplinary pain treatment.

J Behav Med. 2013 Mar 16;
Baranoff J, Hanrahan SJ, Kapur D, Connor JP

Pain acceptance contributes significantly to the effectiveness of pain treatment outcomes. Nevertheless, little research has been conducted to examine whether a decrease in acceptance contributes to a deterioration in post treatment functioning. The aim of this study was to assess the role of pain acceptance in relation to process and outcome variables in the six-months following the conclusion of a pain program. Adults with chronic pain (N = 120) completed assessments at the completion of a 3-week multidisciplinary treatment program and 6-months post-treatment. Process measures included the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire-8 (CPAQ-8); the catastrophizing scale of the Pain Response Self-Statement Scale; the coping cognitions scale of the Pain Response Self-Statement Scale; and the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia. Outcome measures included the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire; the depression scale of the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale; and two measures of physical functioning. Deterioration in acceptance of pain was significantly associated with deterioration in depression and disability, even when catastrophizing cognitions and kinesiophobia were accounted for. Decrease in acceptance was the strongest predictor of reliable deterioration in depression and disability. Results indicated the CPAQ-8 has utility as a measure for monitoring patient functioning post-treatment. HubMed – depression


Impact of behavioral subsyndromes on cognitive decline in Alzheimer’s disease: data from the ICTUS study.

J Neurol. 2013 Mar 17;
Canevelli M, Adali N, Cantet C, Andrieu S, Bruno G, Cesari M, Vellas B,

Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) represent common manifestations among patients affected by Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Some reports have recently classified BPSD into specific clusters/subsyndromes exploring the internal structure of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI). We evaluated whether specific behavioral subsyndromes are associated with worsening cognitive function. Mild to moderate AD patients were recruited from the cohort of the Impact of Cholinergic Treatment USe (ICTUS) study. Neuropsychiatric symptoms were classified in three subsyndromes, identified at baseline, grouping different combinations of NPI items: (1) “psychotic” (“delusions” and/or “hallucinations”); (2) “affective” (“agitation” and/or “depression” and/or “anxiety” and/or “irritability”); and (3) “behavioral” (“euphoria” and/or “apathy” and/or “disinhibition” and/or “aberrant motor behavior”). Mixed model analyses were performed to measure six-monthly changes in the ADAS-Cog score over a follow-up of 2 years, according to these subsyndromes. All analyses were stratified according to AD severity as defined by the Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR). A total of 1,375 AD subjects were recruited. No NPI cluster was found to significantly (p < 0.05) affect the rate of cognitive decline across the 3 CDR classes. Our results suggest that the cognitive course of AD is not substantially influenced by the presence of specific neuropsychiatric phenotypes. Further studies are needed to extend the present findings and identify possible biological and clinical bases for behavioral subsyndromes. HubMed – depression



drp v 6 060712 – The Juvenile Bipolar Research Foundation is recruiting children to participate in a placebo controlled clinical trial in which they will receive four adminis…