Parent-Child Concordance in Reporting of Child Eating Disorder Pathology as Assessed by the Eating Disorder Examination.

Parent-child concordance in reporting of child eating disorder pathology as assessed by the eating disorder examination.

Int J Eat Disord. 2013 Jul 11;
Mariano P, Watson HJ, Leach DJ, McCormack J, Forbes DA

The aim of this study was to examine parent-youth concordance in reporting of eating disorder pathology, as assessed by the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) in a clinical pediatric sample.The sample comprised 619 parent-youth dyads of youth (8-18 years) presenting for treatment at a specialist eating disorder clinic. A cross-sectional correlational design was used to examine the association between parent and youth symptom reports.On the whole, parent-youth inter-rater agreement was poor to moderate. Agreement was acceptable for the presence of behavioral symptoms, with the exception of excessive exercise (PAK?=?0.48-0.98). There was poor inter-rater agreement on frequency of behavioral symptoms, with parents providing lower estimates than youth (ICC?=?0.07-0.52). Although we predicted that inter-rater agreement on cognitive symptoms would by higher with adolescents than children, both groups were discordant with parent reports. Younger children identified less severe eating disorder cognitions than parents and the opposite occurred for adolescents. An anorexia nervosa presentation and lower malnutrition were not associated with lower inter-rater agreement, as might have been expected through ego syntonicity. Youth with bulimia nervosa presentations reported significantly higher severity of cognitive symptoms and more frequent disordered eating behaviors compared with their parents.Results support the utility of parent-youth assessment via the EDE to obtain a wider clinical picture of eating disorder psychopathology in children and adolescents, particularly for younger children. Clinical implications pertinent to administration of the EDE and parent literacy regarding eating disorder symptoms are discussed. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2013). HubMed – eating

Psychological Factors Predict Eating Disorder Onset and Maintenance at 10-year Follow-up.

Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2013 Jul 11;
Holland LA, Bodell LP, Keel PK

The present study sought to identify psychological factors that predict onset and maintenance of eating disorders. Secondary analyses were conducted using data from an epidemiological study of health and eating behaviours in men and women (N?=?1320; 72% female) to examine the prospective and independent influence of the Eating Disorder Inventory Perfectionism, Interpersonal Distrust, and Maturity Fears subscales in predicting the onset and maintenance of eating disorders at 10-year follow-up. Multivariate models indicated higher Perfectionism (p?=?.025), lower Interpersonal Distrust (p?HubMed – eating

The menopausal transition-A possible window of vulnerability for eating pathology.

Int J Eat Disord. 2013 Jul 11;
Mangweth-Matzek B, Hoek HW, Rupp CI, Kemmler G, Pope HG, Kinzl J

No published studies, to our knowledge, have examined the association of menopausal status with eating disorders and body image in women. We assessed these associations in a large sample of middle-aged women.We administered an anonymous questionnaire to a randomly selected nonclinical sample of women aged 40-60 in Innsbruck, Austria. The questionnaire covered demographic items, menopausal status, weight history, measures of body image, and current eating disorders as diagnosed by DSM-IV criteria. Using modified WHO criteria, we classified the respondents’ current stage of menopausal transition as premenopausal (N?=?192), perimenopausal (N?=?110), or naturally postmenopausal (N?=?134). In a separate analysis, we also examined the small group of women with surgically induced menopause (N?=?12).The three groups were similar in all demographic features except age, and did not differ significantly on current body mass index (BMI), weight-control behaviors, or dieting history after age adjustment. However, perimenopausal women reported a significantly greater prevalence of eating disorders as compared to premenopausal women. Perimenopausal women also reported significantly higher self-ratings of “feeling fat” and higher Body Shape Questionnaire scores than premenopausal women. Women with surgically induced menopause also showed an elevated prevalence of eating and body image pathology.Our data suggest that the menopausal transition is associated with an increased prevalence of eating disorders and negative body image. Menopause, like puberty, may perhaps represent a window of vulnerability to these conditions, likely because of changes in hormonal function, body composition, and conceptions of womanhood. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2013). HubMed – eating

Motivation to change in the eating disorders: A systematic review.

Int J Eat Disord. 2013 Jul 11;
Clausen L, Lübeck M, Jones A

The aim of the study was to review the eating disorder literature in order to examine the effect of pretreatment autonomous/level of motivation to change on treatment outcome as measured by change in eating disorder pathology.Relevant databases were systematically searched for studies in which motivation to change prior to treatment was examined in relation to treatment outcome.Pretreatment autonomous/level of motivation were associated with change in restrictive eating behaviors, bingeing behaviors, and cognitive/affective measures of eating disorder pathology. There was mixed support for the effect of motivation to change on global measures of eating disorder symptoms and virtually no support for the effect of motivation to change on purging behavior.The level of pretreatment motivation the person exhibits prior to commencement of treatment appears to be helpful in predicting treatment outcome. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2013). HubMed – eating