Nutrition Screening of Older People in a Community General Practice, Using the MNA-SF.

Nutrition Screening of Older People in a Community General Practice, Using the MNA-SF.

J Nutr Health Aging. 2013; 17(4): 322-5
Winter J, Flanagan D, McNaughton SA, Nowson C

Background: Objective: The study aimed to determine the prevalence of malnutrition risk in a population of older people (aged 75 years and over) attending a community general practice and identify characteristics of those classified as malnourished or at risk of malnutrition. Design: Cross-sectional study of nutritional risk screen conducted over a six month period. Participants and setting: Patients attending a general practice clinic in Victoria, Australia, who attended for the “75 plus” health assessment check. Measurements: The Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA®-SF) was included as part of the health assessment. Information was collected on living situation, co-morbidities, independence with meal preparation and eating, number of medications. Height and weight was measured and MNA®-SF score recorded. Results: Two hundred and twenty five patients attending a general practice for a health assessment with a mean age of 81.3(4.3)(SD) years, 52% female and 34% living alone. Only one patient was categorised by the MNA®-SF as malnourished, with an additional 16% classified as at risk of malnutrition. The mean Body Mass Index (BMI) of the at-risk group was significantly lower than the well-nourished group (23.6 ± 0.8 (SEM) vs 27.4 ± 0.3; p=0.0001). However, 34% of the at-risk group had a BMI of 25 or more with only 13% in the underweight category. Conclusion: In this population of older adults attending their general practitioner for an annual health assessment, one in six were identified as being at nutritional risk which is an additional risk factor for a severe health issue. Importantly, one third of the at-risk group had a BMI in the overweight or obese category, highlighting that older people can be at nutritional risk although they may be overweight or obese. HubMed – eating


Malnutrition in Community-Dwelling Adults with Dementia (NutriAlz Trial).

J Nutr Health Aging. 2013; 17(4): 295-9
Roqué M, Salvà A, Vellas B

Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the nutritional status, measured by the MNA, in community-dwelling elderly individuals with dementia and to identify clinical risk factors for nutritional risk or malnutrition. Design: Cross-sectional analysis of a cluster randomized clinical trial (Nutrialz). Setting: Community-dwelling individuals attending dementia clinics. Participants: 940 individuals. Measurements: The clinical scales assessed were Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Eating Behaviour Scale (EBS), Charlson comorbidity index, Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Basic Activities of Daily Living (BADL) score, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) score, Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire (NPI-Q), Cornell depression scale and Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview. Results: 5.2% of participants were classified as being malnourished, 42.6% as being at risk of malnutrition and 52.2% as well nourished. Malnutrition by type of dementia was more frequent in Lewy bodies dementia (18.2%) than in the other types. Worse nutritional status is significantly related to more advanced age and worse cognitive, functional and behavioural profile, as well as increased burden for caregivers. Presence of behavioural symptoms is significantly related to worse nutritional level for all NPI-Q symptoms but depression, exaltation, lack of inhibition and irritability. The items more strongly related to malnutrition are appetite/feeding and hallucinations. Dependence in any basic or instrumental ADL is significantly related to higher risk of malnutrition. Dependence on feeding is a strongly related risk factor, while food preparation is only a moderate one. A logistic regression model to predict at risk/malnutrition kept as significant risk factors EBS (Odds Ratio (OR) 0.84, 95%CI 0.78 to 0.91), Cornell (OR 1.12, 95%CI 1.09 to 1.16), the number of dependent BADL (OR 1.29, 95%CI 1.17 to 1.42), age (OR 1.04, 95%CI 1.02-1.06), MMSE (OR 0.95, 95%CI 0.92 to 0.98) and Charlson (OR 1.18, 95%CI 1.05 to 1.34). A similar model built for prediction of malnutrition retained as significant covariables only EBS, Cornell and the number of dependent BADL. Conclusion: These results will allow a better understanding of the clinical stage previous to malnutrition. An adequate diagnosis and treatment of identified modifiable factors like functional impairment, eating behaviours and depression could delay or avoid malnutrition. HubMed – eating


Intersection of Identities: Food, Role, and the African-American Pastor.

Appetite. 2013 Mar 25;
Harmon BE, Blake CE, Armstead CA, Hébert JR

African-American pastors can foster health-related innovations as gatekeepers and advocates within their churches. Personal experiences with food and health likely influence their support of such programs. Identities or meanings attached to societal roles have been shown to motivate individuals’ attitudes and behaviors. Understanding role and eating identities of African-American pastors may have important implications for participation in faith-based health promotion programs. This study aimed to describe the eating and pastoral identities of African-American pastors, explore intersections between these identities, and highlight implications for nutrition programs. In-depth interviews with 30 African-American pastors were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed using theory-guided and grounded-theory approaches. Pastors described affinity across one or more dimensions including healthy, picky, meat, and over-eater identities. In describing themselves as pastors, the dimensions pastor’s heart, teacher, motivator, and role model emerged. Pastors who described themselves as healthy eaters were more likely to see themselves as role models. Pastors with healthier eating identities and more complex pastoral identities described greater support for health programming while unhealthy, picky, and over-eaters did not. These findings provide guidance for understanding eating and role identities among pastors and should be considered when designing and implementing faith-based programs. HubMed – eating


The Spanish validation of an Eating Disorders Symptom Impact Scale (EDSIS) among caregivers.

Psychiatry Res. 2013 Mar 25;
Carral-Fernández L, Sepulveda AR, Gómez Del Barrio A, Graell M, Treasure J

The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Eating Disorders Symptom Impact Scale (EDSIS-S), which is designed to evaluate an eating disorders-specific caregiving experience. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 187 Spanish caregivers of relatives with an eating disorder. Measures included the Experience of Caregiving Inventory (ECI) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Socio-demographic variables of the carers and clinical variables of the patients were collected. Results supported the factorial structure, reliability and convergent validity of the instrument and the instrument was acceptable for assessing the eating disorders-specific experience of caregiving in Spain. Almost all of the factor loadings were >0.40. Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were mostly superior to 0.70. The EDSIS-S instrument has good psychometric properties and is similar to the original in terms of validity and reliability. Further examination of the factor structure of this instrument among adult samples is indicated. From a clinical perspective, the EDSIS allows for tailoring caregiver interventions to address the specific impact of symptoms on individual carers. HubMed – eating



Living On Air (BBC Documentary on Anorexia & Bulimia) Part 1/4 – Documentary on Eating Disorders (Anorexia and Bulimia) originally aired on the BBC. Deals a lot with the possible Neurobiological causes of Eating Disorders,…