[Natural Methods of Getting Back to Life Without Addictions].

[Natural methods of getting back to life without addictions].

Filed under: Addiction Rehab

Przegl Lek. 2012; 69(10): 1118-21
Kozak I

The objective of this article is to examine natural methods, which in conjunction with conventional means, may help in healing addictions. In particular, uses of such ancient practices as Yoga, meditation, pranayam and Ayurveda in the process of dealing with addiction will be considered. The article also presents the results of selected scientific research conducted in the West in the area of effectiveness of meditation in healing addiction in the context of physiological functioning of the brain and the workings of the mind and consciousness.
HubMed – addiction


[Drugs used to treat nicotine addiction].

Filed under: Addiction Rehab

Przegl Lek. 2012; 69(10): 1098-102
Ziele? I, Sliwi?ska-Mosso? M, Milnerowicz H

Tobacco smoking in Poland is fairly widespread on a large scale. Research suggests that the early twenty-first century, the percentage of female daily smokers aged 20 and above was 26%, and men the same age 43%. In addition, epidemiological studies have shown that smoking was the cause of approximately sixty-nine thousand deaths in Poland (including fifty-seven thousand men and twelve thousand women). It is common ground that cigarette smoking has a negative effect on our body. It represents one of the main and most commonly defined risk factors for many diseases that can be eliminated. Smoking often leads to addiction, and nicotine is an addictive drug. Nicotine addiction is characterized by symptoms such as: “hunger” smoking, difficulty in controlling behavior on smoking or the number of cigarettes smoked, nicotine withdrawal, the occurrence of tolerance, neglect of interests, as well as devoting more time on activities related to smoking, follow-up smoking despite knowledge of its dangers. The most commonly used in Poland, a questionnaire to identify nicotine dependence is a test Fagerstöma. Currently assigned some importance, “the doctor a conversation the patient” and motivating him to stop smoking and maintain abstinence as long as possible. But beyond the “conversation” is also used as an aid to medical treatment for the patient to stop smoking, especially to alleviate withdrawal symptoms. The first attempts of pharmacological help in the effort to weaning from smoking began in the thirties. Were conducted fairly successful, although uncontrolled trials with lobeline, an alkaloid of action similar to nicotine. In Poland, the drugs of first choice in the treatment of nicotine dependence are nicotine replacement therapies (nicotine gum and patches that contain nicotine) and bupropion SR. Quite a popular drugs to help in the fight against addiction are also cytisine and varenicline. The choice of the drug is usually the result of medical experience in the use of a particular product, as well as the presence of contraindications, and preferences as well as individual patient characteristics. Development of knowledge about the neurobiology of addiction in a broader sense, including dependence on nicotine, contributed to a better understanding of the mechanism of smoking and allowed to search for more effective pharmacological treatments. Current research and clinical trials carried out in two main directions – a) the administration of non-nicotine alone, and b) in combination with nicotine replacement therapy. Publication focuses on the characteristics of the preparations for the treatment of nicotine dependence, including for example mechanism of action, method and duration of use, effectiveness in the treatment and side effects that may occur during the use of these substances.
HubMed – addiction


[Attitudes of pharmacy and dentistry students of Poznan Medical University towards smoking].

Filed under: Addiction Rehab

Przegl Lek. 2012; 69(10): 1053-4
Korzeniowska K, Cie?lewicz A, Sza?ek E, Jab?ecka A

The aim of this study was to compare the attitude of students of the Faculty of Pharmacy and Division of Dentistry (Poznan University of Medical Sciences) towards smoking. Information was collected using a self-completion questionnaire for students. 114 students of the 5th year of Faculty of Pharmacy and 60 students of 4th year of Division of Dentistry took part in the survey. Most of the students were non-smokers (77% in the Faculty of Pharmacy and 72% in the Division of Dentistry). The main reason for abandoning smoking in both groups was knowledge on the dangers of addiction obtained in medical studies.
HubMed – addiction


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