Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Breast Cancer-a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Mindfulness-based stress reduction for breast cancer-a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Curr Oncol. 2012 Oct; 19(5): e343-52
Cramer H, Lauche R, Paul A, Dobos G

The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (mbsr) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (mbct) in patients with breast cancer.The medline, Cochrane Library, embase, cambase, and PsycInfo databases were screened through November 2011. The search strategy combined keywords for mbsr and mbct with keywords for breast cancer. Randomized controlled trials (rcts) comparing mbsr or mbct with control conditions in patients with breast cancer were included. Two authors independently used the Cochrane risk of bias tool to assess risk of bias in the selected studies. Study characteristics and outcomes were extracted by two authors independently. Primary outcome measures were health-related quality of life and psychological health. If at least two studies assessing an outcome were available, standardized mean differences (smds) and 95% confidence intervals (cis) were calculated for that outcome. As a measure of heterogeneity, I(2) was calculated.Three rcts with a total of 327 subjects were included. One rct compared mbsr with usual care, one rct compared mbsr with free-choice stress management, and a three-arm rct compared mbsr with usual care and with nutrition education. Compared with usual care, mbsr was superior in decreasing depression (smd: -0.37; 95% ci: -0.65 to -0.08; p = 0.01; I(2) = 0%) and anxiety (smd: -0.51; 95% ci: -0.80 to -0.21; p = 0.0009; I(2) = 0%), but not in increasing spirituality (smd: 0.27; 95% ci: -0.37 to 0.91; p = 0.41; I(2) = 79%).There is some evidence for the effectiveness of mbsr in improving psychological health in breast cancer patients, but more rcts are needed to underpin those results.
HubMed – depression


Associations of Social Support and 8-Year Follow-Up Depressive Symptoms: Differences in African American and White Caregivers.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Clin Gerontol. 2012 Jun 1; 35(4): 289-302
Brummett BH, Siegler IC, Williams RB, Dilworth-Anderson P

The present study used data from the Alzheimer’s Study of Emotions in Caregivers (ASEC) to evaluate perceptions of social support assessed at baseline, as well as changes in social support assessed at a follow-up eight-years later, as predictors of symptoms of change in depression, with a focus on race as a potential moderator of these relationships. Specifically, multiple regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, income, education, race, living arrangement of care recipient at baseline, death of care recipient, the cultural justification for caregiving scale (CJCS), and baseline depressive symptoms were conducted to assess baseline social support ratings, as well as the change in social support over time as a predictor of depression at follow-up-with a focus on moderation by race. Baseline social support (F(1,77) = 7.60, p=.008) was associated with fewer depressive symptoms at follow-up for all participants. The change in social support over time was also related to depressive symptoms, with effects moderated by race (F(1,77) = 7.97, p = .007), such that when support decreased over time depressive symptoms at follow-up were higher for Whites, as compared with African Americans, whereas, when social support increased over time depressive symptoms tended to be similar for both groups. These findings indicate that research designed to plan interventions in caregivers must not ignore potential racial differences with regard to the effects of caregiving on mental health.
HubMed – depression


How Disorder-Specific are Depressive Attributions? A Comparison of Individuals with Depression, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Healthy Controls.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Cognit Ther Res. 2012 Dec; 36(6): 731-739
Gonzalo D, Kleim B, Donaldson C, Moorey S, Ehlers A

Depressed individuals tend to assign internal, stable, and global causes to negative events. The present study investigated the specificity of this effect to depression and compared depressive attributional styles of individuals with major depression (MD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and healthy controls. We indexed attributional style using the depressive attributions questionnaire in 164 participants. Additionally, we assessed appraisals characteristic of PTSD using the post-traumatic cognitions inventory (PTCI), depressive rumination, trauma history, and depression and PTSD symptom severity. Individuals with MD endorsed a depressive attributional style to a greater extent than both individuals with PTSD, who were not depressed, and healthy controls. Depressive attributional style was associated with the severity of depressive and PTSD symptoms, number and distress of traumatic experiences, frequency of rumination, and post-traumatic cognitions. Depressive attributions and PTCI appraisals independently predicted MD and PTSD symptom severity. They may thus be useful in predicting MD and PTSD, and should be targeted in psychological treatments of these conditions.
HubMed – depression



TMS Depression treatment – Dr Ozz – depression treatment latest


Treatment of Depression and Related Moods: A Manual for Psychotherapists

End Date: Sunday Oct-30-2016 18:43:48 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $4.51
Buy It Now | Add to watch list


Evidence-Based Treatment Planning for Depression Facilitator's Guide
End Date: Tuesday Nov-15-2016 10:16:19 PST
Buy It Now for only: $19.83
Buy It Now | Add to watch list


NEW Treatment of Depression in Older Adults: Key Issues: Based Practices (Ebp) K
End Date: Thursday Oct-20-2016 22:27:02 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $19.90
Buy It Now | Add to watch list


More Depression Treatment Information…