Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Child Obesity In Low-Income Urban Families.

Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Child Obesity in Low-Income Urban Families.

Acad Pediatr. 2013 Jul-Aug; 13(4): 356-63
Gross RS, Velazco NK, Briggs RD, Racine AD

To characterize the relationship between maternal depressive symptoms and child weight status, obesity-promoting feeding practices, and activity-related behaviors in low-income urban families.We conducted a cross-sectional survey of mothers with 5-year-old children receiving pediatric care at a federally qualified community health center. We used regression analyses to examine the relationship between maternal depressive symptoms (trichotomized: none, mild, moderate to severe) and 1) child weight status; 2) obesity-promoting feeding practices, including mealtime practices and feeding styles; and 3) activity-related behaviors, including sleep time, screen time, and outdoor playtime.The sample included 401 mother-child pairs (78.3% response rate), with 23.4% of mothers reporting depressive symptoms (15.7% mild, 7.7% moderate to severe). Mothers with moderate to severe depressive symptoms were more likely to have overweight and obese children than mothers without depressive symptoms (adjusted odds ratio 2.62; 95% confidence interval 1.02-6.70). Children of mildly depressed mothers were more likely to consume sweetened drinks and to eat out at restaurants and were less likely to eat breakfast than children of nondepressed mothers. Mothers with depressive symptoms were less likely to set limits, to use food as a reward, to restrict their child’s intake, and to model healthy eating than nondepressed mothers. Children with depressed mothers had less sleep and outdoor playtime per day than children of nondepressed mothers.Maternal depressive symptoms are associated with child overweight and obese status and with several obesity-promoting practices. These results support the need for maternal depression screening in pediatric obesity prevention programs. Further research should explore how to incorporate needed mental health support. HubMed – eating


What happens to depressed adolescents? A follow-up study into early adulthood.

J Affect Disord. 2013 Jul 4;
Melvin GA, Dudley AL, Gordon MS, Ford S, Taffe J, Tonge BJ

This study describes the mental illness and psychosocial outcomes of adolescents who experienced a depressive disorder and identifies predictors of full remission and recurrence.140 adolescents with major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, or depressive disorder NOS were offered psychosocial and/or antidepressant treatment across two clinical trials. Three to nine years later (mean 5.7 years), 111 adolescents and young adults completed self-, parent- and clinician-reported measures of psychopathology and psychosocial functioning in a naturalistic follow-up study. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis 1 Disorders was used to determine the presence or absence of depressive disorder as well as other Axis 1 Disorders.By the follow-up assessment, most adolescents made a full remission from their index depressive disorder (92.6%). Recurrence of depressive disorder (52.4%) during the follow-up period was common, as was the experience of other disorders including anxiety, substance abuse and eating disorders. Time to full remission and recurrence did not vary between baseline types of depressive disorder. Self-reported depressive symptoms and anxiety disorder were associated with failure to achieve full remission while socio-economic status, self-reported self-efficacy and depressive symptoms were associated with recurrence of depressive disorder.Due to different treatment starting times, the length of the follow up period varied by up to 5.2 years.Adolescents who experience depressive disorder are at high risk of ongoing mental illness and psychosocial impairment. Predictors of the course of depressive disorder may be of use in determining which adolescents may require more intensive intervention. HubMed – eating


DALI: Vitamin D and lifestyle intervention for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevention: an European multicentre, randomised trial — study protocol.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2013 Jul 5; 13(1): 142
Jelsma JG, van Poppel MN, Galjaard S, Desoye G, Corcoy R, Devlieger R, van Assche A, Timmerman D, Jans G, Harreiter J, Kautzky-Willer A, Damm P, Mathiesen ER, Jensen DM, Andersen L, Dunne F, Lapolla A, Di Cianni G, Bertolotto A, Wender-Oegowska E, Zawiejska A, Blumska K, Hill D, Rebollo P, Snoek FJ, Simmons D

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an increasing problem world-wide. Lifestyle interventions and/or vitamin D supplementation might help prevent GDM in some women.Methods/design: Pregnant women at risk of GDM (BMI>=29 (kg/m2)) from 9 European countries will be invited to participate and consent obtained before 19+6 weeks of gestation. After giving informed consent, GDM will be excluded (based on IADPSG criteria: fasting glucose<5.1mmol; 1 hour glucose <10.0 mmol; 2 hour glucose <8.5mmol) and women will be randomized to one of the 8 intervention arms using a 2x(2x2) factorial design: ( 1) healthy eating (HE), 2) physical activity (PA), 3) HE+PA, 4) control, 5) HE+PA+vitamin D, 6) HE+PA+placebo, 7) vitamin D alone, 8) placebo alone), pre-stratified for each site. In total, 880 women will be included with 110 women allocated to each arm. Between entry and 35 weeks of gestation, women allocated to a lifestyle intervention will receive 5 face-to-face, and 4 telephone coaching sessions, based on the principles of motivational interviewing. The lifestyle intervention includes a discussion about the risks of GDM, a weight gain target <5kg and either 7 healthy eating 'messages' and/or 5 physical activity 'messages' depending on randomization. Fidelity is monitored by the use of a personal digital assistance (PDA) system. Participants randomized to the vitamin D intervention receive either 1600 IU vitamin D or placebo for daily intake until delivery. Data is collected at baseline measurement, at 24--28 weeks, 35--37 weeks of gestation and after delivery. Primary outcome measures are gestational weight gain, fasting glucose and insulin sensitivity, with a range of obstetric secondary outcome measures including birth weight.DALI is a unique Europe-wide randomised controlled trial, which will gain insight into preventive measures against the development of GDM in overweight and obese women.Trial registration: ISRCTN70595832. HubMed – eating