Lifestyle Intervention Discloses an Association of the Eating Inventory-51 Factors With Cardiometabolic Health Risks.

Lifestyle intervention discloses an association of the Eating Inventory-51 factors with cardiometabolic health risks.

Eat Weight Disord. 2013 Mar; 18(1): 83-6
Aldhoon Hainerová I, Zamrazilová H, Hlavatá K, Gojová M, Kunešová M, Hill M, Nedvídková J, Bellisle F, Hainer V

Factors of the Eating Inventory-51 (EI) were revealed as significant predictors of health risks. Associations of EI factors (restraint, disinhibition, hunger) with cardiometabolic risk parameters and selected hormones were analysed before and after an in-patient weight reduction programme. Sixty-seven women (age: 48.7 ± 12.2 years; body mass index: 32.4 ± 4.4 kg/m(2)), who exhibited stable weight on a 7 MJ/day diet during the first week, obtained a 4.5 MJ/day diet over the subsequent 3-week period. No significant relations were observed before the weight reduction. After weight loss, restraint score negatively correlated with total cholesterol, fasting blood glucose, C peptide, insulin and neuropeptide Y. Hunger score was positively related to insulin and neuropeptide Y. Disinhibition score correlated positively with lipid profile and neuropeptide Y, while negatively with adiponectin. An implementation of a standard dietary and lifestyle pattern for 3 weeks revealed significant associations between EI factors and metabolic risks in women. HubMed – eating


What knowledge do patients have about the physical consequences of their eating disorder?

Eat Weight Disord. 2013 Mar; 18(1): 79-82
Vandereycken W, Aerts L, Dierckx E

A poor knowledge of the physical consequences or health risks of an eating disorder may be a sign of denial or minimization of the problem linked to a poor willingness to change.Testing the knowledge of eating disorder patients about the physical consequences of their disorder and whether this can be improved by means of a psychoeducational program.Shortly after admission to a specialized inpatient eating disorder unit, a total of 66 female patients filled out a questionnaire with 20 items testing their knowledge about physical aspects of eating disorders. After about one month, 40 patients repeated the assessment. In between, they had received some psychoeducation in the form of an interactive group session and a special brochure.The average knowledge was rather good (14 correct answers on a total of 20 questions), although a considerable number answered “I don’t know” on 11 questions. The majority of these switched to correct answers after 1 month leading to a significant improvement of the general knowledge (on average 17/20), independently of the subtype of eating disorder. One question turned out to elicit the greatest number of incorrect answers: ‘As long as a woman does not menstruate, she cannot get pregnant in a natural way’.Assessing the (insufficient) knowledge about the physical consequences of an eating disorder may serve as the starting point for a specific psychoeducation, which can have an impact on the motivational process in these patients. HubMed – eating


A note on eating disorders and appetite and satiety in the orthodox Jewish meal.

Eat Weight Disord. 2013 Mar; 18(1): 75-8
Shafran Y, Wolowelsky JB

The relationship between religion and eating concerns is receiving increasing empirical attention; and because religion seems to be important to many women with eating concerns, there is an interest in investigating the role religion plays and ways that religion might be employed therapeutically. Research has indicated that women who feel loved and accepted by God are buffered from eating disorder risk factors. An aspect of religiosity that is unique to Judaism is Halakhah, the system of Jewish Law and Ethics which informs the life of a religiously observant orthodox Jew. In this note, we briefly describe how Halakhah approaches the issues of appetite and satiety in eating meals. These might well contribute to the protective influence regarding tendencies for eating disorders in a person whose culture demands an awareness of and commitment to halakhic norms. Some of the most significant characteristics of disordered eating-lack of appetite, disturbed satiated response, withdrawal from community and decreased spirituality-correlate inversely with the halakhic requirements of eating a meal. We suggest that future studies of orthodox Jewish women measuring eating-order symptomatology and its correlation with religiosity might focus not only on well-known indicators of halakhic adherence such as kashrut and Sabbath observance, but also on the specifics of how their kosher meals are eaten, including ritually washing one’s hands before eating, saying the appropriate blessing before and after eating, eating the required two meals on the Sabbath, and fully participating in the Passover Seder meal. HubMed – eating


Impulsivity and negative mood in adolescents with loss of control eating and ADHD symptoms: an experimental study.

Eat Weight Disord. 2013 Mar; 18(1): 53-60
Hartmann AS, Rief W, Hilbert A

The aim of the study was to experimentally examine the reactivity of mood and impulsivity to negative mood induction in adolescents with loss of control (LOC) eating and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. The study included eighty-eight adolescents with LOC eating, ADHD symptoms, and control. Participants self-reported on mood and participated in a stop signal task before and after negative mood induction with Cyberball. Groups did not differ in impulsivity at baseline (p > .05). The LOC group presented with greater increase of negative mood than the ADHD group, and with greater increase of impulsivity than both other groups from pre- to post-Cyberball (p < .05). Stronger reactivity of negative mood and impulsivity in LOC eating corroborates findings in adults that the concepts' association might be specific to binge eating disorder. Additionally, findings add to previous results showing emotion regulation deficits in LOC eating. Future research should examine the concepts' impact on actual eating behavior including binge eating. HubMed – eating