[Laryngeal Mask Anesthesia in Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery for Pulmonary Bulla: Comparison With Intubation Anesthesia].

[Laryngeal mask anesthesia in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for pulmonary bulla: comparison with intubation anesthesia].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao. 2013 May; 33(5): 756-60
Cai KC, Wang XD, Ye J, Diao DW, He JX, Liu J, Huang ZY, Wu H

OBJEVTIVE: ToTo assess the feasibility and safety of thoracoscopic bulla resection under laryngeal mask anesthesia with low tidal volume high-frequency lung ventilation.Sixty patients with pulmonary bulla were randomized into two groups (n=30) to undergo video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for bulla resection with laryngeal mask anesthesia and high-frequency low tidal volume lung ventilation general anesthesia and or with intubation anesthesia and one-lung ventilation through double-lumen endotracheal intubation.No significant differences were found in anesthesia time, surgery time, intraoperative lowest SpO2, intraoperative highest PetCO2, operative field, anesthetic effects, or blood loss between the two groups. The post-operative WBC and NEU% showed significantly smaller increments in the mask anesthesia group than in the intubation group, and the postoperative awake time, initial eating time, ambulation time, in-hospital stay, and drainage time were significantly shortened in the former group with also lower incidences of gastrointestinal reactions, throat discomfort and hoarseness.Thoracoscopic bulla resection under laryngeal mask anesthesia with low tidal volume high-frequency lung ventilation is safe and feasible and results in better patient satisfaction and shorter in-hospital stay than procedures performed under intubation anesthesia with one-lung ventilation. HubMed – eating


Study protocol for “Moving Bright, Eating Smart”– A phase 2 clinical trial on the acceptability and feasibility of a diet and physical activity intervention to prevent recurrence in colorectal cancer survivors.

BMC Public Health. 2013 May 20; 13(1): 487
Ho JW, Lee AM, Macfarlane DJ, Fong DY, Leung S, Cerin E, Chan WY, Leung IP, Lam SH, Taylor AJ, Cheng KK

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer and cancer-killer in Hong Kong with an alarming increasing incidence in recent years. The latest World Cancer Research Fund report concluded that foods low in fibre, and high in red and processed meat cause colorectal cancer whereas physical activity protects against colon cancer. Yet, the influence of these lifestyle factors on cancer outcome is largely unknown even though cancer survivors are eager for lifestyle modifications. Observational studies suggested that low intake of a Western-pattern diet and high physical activity level reduced colorectal cancer mortality. The Theory of Planned Behaviour and the Health Action Process Approach have guided the design of intervention models targeting a wide range of health-related behaviours.Methods/design: We aim to demonstrate the feasibility of two behavioural interventions intended to improve colorectal cancer outcome and which are designed to increase physical activity level and reduce consumption of a Western-pattern diet. This three year study will be a multicentre, randomised controlled trial in a 2×2 factorial design comparing the “Moving Bright, Eating Smart” (physical activity and diet) programme against usual care. Subjects will be recruited over a 12-month period, undertake intervention for 12 months and followed up for a further 12 months. Baseline, interim and three post-intervention assessments will be conducted.Two hundred and twenty-two colorectal cancer patients who completed curative treatment without evidence of recurrence will be recruited into the study. Primary outcome measure will be whether physical activity and dietary targets are met at the end of the 12-month intervention. Secondary outcome measures include the magnitude and mechanism of behavioural change, the degree and determinants of compliance, and the additional health benefits and side effects of the intervention. DISCUSSION: The results of this study will establish the feasibility of targeting the two behaviours (diet and physical activity) and demonstrate the magnitude of behaviour change. The information will facilitate the design of a further larger phase III randomised controlled trial with colorectal cancer outcome as the study endpoint to determine whether this intervention model would reduce colorectal cancer recurrence and mortality.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov No: NCT01708824. HubMed – eating


Measuring parent food practices: a systematic review of existing measures and examination of instruments.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2013 May 20; 10(1): 61
Vaughn AE, Tabak RG, Bryant MJ, Ward DS

During the last decade, there has been a rapid increase in development of instruments to measure parent food practices. Because these instruments often measure different constructs, or define common constructs differently, an evaluation of these instruments is needed. A systematic review of the literature was conducted to identify existing measures of parent food practices and to assess the quality of their development. The initial search used terms capturing home environment, parenting behaviors, feeding practices and eating behaviors, and was performed in October of 2009 using PubMed/Medline, PsychInfo, Web of knowledge (ISI), and ERIC, and updated in July of 2012. A review of titles and abstracts was used to narrow results, after which full articles were retrieved and reviewed. Only articles describing development of measures of parenting food practices designed for families with children 2-12 years old were retained for the current review. For each article, two reviewers extracted data and appraised the quality of processes used for instrument development and evaluation. The initial search yielded 28,378 unique titles; review of titles and abstracts narrowed the pool to 1,352 articles; from which 57 unique instruments were identified. The review update yielded 1,772 new titles from which14 additional instruments were identified. The extraction and appraisal process found that 49% of instruments clearly identified and defined concepts to be measured, and 46% used theory to guide instrument development. Most instruments (80%) had some reliability testing, with internal consistency being the most common (79%). Test-retest or inter-rater reliability was reported for less than half the instruments. Some form of validity evidence was report for 84% of instruments. Construct validity was most commonly presented (86%), usually with analysis of associations with child diet or weight/BMI. While many measures of food parenting practices have emerged, particularly in recent years, few have demonstrated solid development methods. Substantial variation in items across different scales/constructs makes comparison between instruments extremely difficult. Future efforts should be directed toward consensus development of food parenting practices constructs and measures. HubMed – eating


A prospective study of weight gain associated with chronotype among college freshmen.

Chronobiol Int. 2013 May 20;
Culnan E, Kloss JD, Grandner M

A prospective study of chronotype as a predictor of increased weight gain and body mass index (BMI) among college freshman was undertaken. At baseline, 137 college freshmen were characterized as morning, neutral, or evening types using the reduced version of the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire. Additionally, information was collected regarding weight, BMI, and health habits (e.g., junk food and alcohol consumption). These additional measures consisted of a descriptive questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, the Gray-Donald Eating Patterns Questionnaire, and the Positive and Negative Affect Scale. Participants included 79 females and 80 males with a mean age of 18.25 (SD?=?0.56) yrs. Eight weeks later, participants returned (N?=?54) to complete follow-up measures, which were identical to baseline assessments with the exception of the descriptive questionnaire, in which demographic questions were removed. Evening types had a significantly greater BMI gain (p?HubMed – eating