Infrequent Breakfast Consumption Is Associated With Higher Body Adiposity and Abdominal Obesity in Malaysian School-Aged Adolescents.

Infrequent breakfast consumption is associated with higher body adiposity and abdominal obesity in malaysian school-aged adolescents.

PLoS One. 2013; 8(3): e59297
Nurul-Fadhilah A, Teo PS, Huybrechts I, Foo LH

Unhealthy dietary pattern increases the risk of obesity and metabolic disorders in growing children and adolescents. However, the way the habitual pattern of breakfast consumption influences body composition and risk of obesity in adolescents is not well defined. Thus, the aim of the present study was to assess any associations between breakfast consumption practices and body composition profiles in 236 apparently healthy adolescents aged 12 to 19 years. A self-administered questionnaire on dietary behaviour and lifestyle practices and a dietary food frequency questionnaire were used. Body composition and adiposity indices were determined using standard anthropometric measurement protocols and dual energy ?-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Mean age of the participants was 15.3±1.9 years. The majority of participants (71.2%) fell in the normal body mass index (BMI) ranges. Breakfast consumption patterns showed that only half of the participants (50%) were consuming breakfast daily. Gender-specific multivariate analyses (ANCOVA) showed that in both boys and girls, those eating breakfast at least 5 times a week had significantly lower body weight, body mass index (BMI), BMI z-scores, waist circumference, body fat mass and percent body fat (%BF) compared to infrequent breakfast eaters, after adjustment for age, household income, pubertal status, eating-out and snacking practices, daily energy intakes, and daily physical activity levels. The present findings indicate that infrequent breakfast consumption is associated with higher body adiposity and abdominal obesity. Therefore, daily breakfast consumption with healthy food choices should be encouraged in growing children and adolescents to prevent adiposity during these critical years of growth. HubMed – eating


Psychosocial predictors of body mass index at late childhood: A longitudinal investigation.

J Health Psychol. 2013 Mar 21;
Holm-Denoma J, Smith A, Lewinsohn P, Pettit J

Little is known about the psychosocial circumstances under which children develop excessive body mass. A community sample was followed up from age 2-10 years to determine which early problems were predictive of increased body mass index. Hypothesized mediators (i.e. eating habits, physical activity, and “screen time”) were also examined. After controlling for parental psychopathology, family income, child’s gender, and child’s body mass index, externalizing behaviors, aggressive behaviors, and anger predicted a relatively high body mass index. Exploratory analyses did not support hypothesized mediators, although low power was an issue. HubMed – eating


Predictors of maternal child-feeding practices in an ethnically diverse sample and the relationship to child obesity.

Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Mar 21;
Cachelin FM

Objective: To investigate relationship between maternal child-feeding practices and child adiposity in an ethnically diverse sample by examining three categories of relationships: 1) mothers’ weight status; 2) mothers’ investment in eating-related issues; 3) mothers’ concerns about child’s weight. We predicted these variables would be related to mothers’ use of restriction, monitoring, and pressure in child feeding, influencing child adiposity. Design and Methods: 563 mothers (306 Hispanic, 76 Asian, 36 Black, 145 White) with children ages 2 to 11 completed the Child Feeding Questionnaire and Eating Attitudes Test. Analyses used structural equation modeling. Results: Ethnic differences in the resulting models emerged. Mothers’ weight status negatively predicted maternal control over child’s eating; heavier mothers reported less control over child’s eating. Greater concern about child’s weight was associated with more maternal control of child’s eating for all groups. Only for Whites was maternal control over child’s eating predictive of child BMI. Conclusions: While maternal investment in eating-related issues did predict maternal control over child’s eating for White mothers, this relationship did not exist for Hispanics. Different maternal factors influence mothers’ control over their child’s eating in Hispanic and White groups. In ethnic minorities, maternal control over child’s eating may not influence child adiposity. HubMed – eating


Preventing Symptom Progression in Women at Risk for AN: Results of a Pilot Study.

Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2013 Mar 21;
Ohlmer R, Jacobi C, Taylor CB

OBJECTIVE: Despite the need, no targeted (indicated) prevention programs for women at risk for anorexia nervosa (AN) or with restrictive eating and normal body weight are available. Therefore, our aim was to develop a prevention program specific for these risk groups and to assess its feasibility and effectiveness in a pilot study. METHODS: Thirty-six women selected by high weight and shape concerns, low BMI and/or high restrained eating participated in a 10-week Internet-based cognitive-behavioural prevention program for AN. RESULTS: Feasibility, adherence and acceptance were assessed at post-intervention; symptoms of disordered eating and associated psychopathology were assessed at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and at 6-month follow-up. The 32 women who finished the study completed 88% of the sessions. Satisfaction with the program was also high. AN-specific eating and associated psychopathology improved significantly and differentially in the three weight-related subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the results of this pilot study are promising. The efficacy of this indicated preventive intervention should be tested in a larger randomized controlled trial. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association. HubMed – eating



Eating Disorders Meal Support: Chapter 1 – Introduction