Influence of Kinesiophobia and Catastrophizing on Pain and Disability in Anterior Knee Pain Patients.

Influence of kinesiophobia and catastrophizing on pain and disability in anterior knee pain patients.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2012 Oct 19;
Domenech J, Sanchis-Alfonso V, López L, Espejo B

PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence and participation of catastrophizing and fear to movement beliefs on present pain and disability in anterior knee pain patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study on 97 patients with chronic anterior knee pain was performed in a secondary healthcare setting. Pain was measured with Visual Analogue Scale and disability with Lysholm Scale. The psychological variables anxiety, depression, pain coping strategies, catastrophizing and fear to movement beliefs were studied by using auto-administered questionnaires. RESULTS: Patients showed a high incidence of psychological distress (anxiety and depression), kinesiophobia and catastrophizing. A moderate correlation between pain and disability was found. Among all the coping strategies, only catastrophizing correlated with pain and disability. Anxiety depression and kinesiophobia also correlated with present pain and disability. In the regression model, catastrophizing and depression explained 56 % of the variance of disability and catastrophizing alone explained 37 % of present pain. CONCLUSION: The moderate correlation between pain and disability suggests that pain per se is not able to explain all the variability of disability. Catastrophizing and kinesiophobia are shown to be predictors of present pain and disability in anterior knee pain patients. These findings support the fear avoidance model in the genesis and persistence of pain and disability in anterior knee pain patients and open the door to a biopsychosocial perspective in the management of these patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.
HubMed – depression

 

The impact of Cytochrome P450 CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 genes on suicide attempt and suicide risk-a European multicentre study on treatment-resistant major depressive disorder.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2012 Oct 19;
Höfer P, Schosser A, Calati R, Serretti A, Massat I, Kocabas NA, Konstantinidis A, Linotte S, Mendlewicz J, Souery D, Zohar J, Juven-Wetzler A, Montgomery S, Kasper S

Recently published data have reported associations between cytochrome P450 metabolizer status and suicidality. The aim of our study was to investigate the role of genetic polymorphisms of the cytochrome P450 genes on suicide risk and/or a personal history of suicide attempts. Two hundred forty-three major depressive disorder patients were collected in the context of a European multicentre resistant depression study and treated with antidepressants at adequate doses for at least 4 weeks. Suicidality was assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D). Treatment response was defined as HAM-D ? 17 and remission as HAM-D ? 7 after 4 weeks of treatment with antidepressants at adequate dose. Genotyping was performed for all relevant variations of the CYP1A2 gene (*1A, *1F, *1C, *1 J, *1 K), the CYP2C9 gene (*2, *3), the CYP2C19 gene (*2, *17) and the CYP2D6 gene (*3, *4, *5, *6, *9, *19, *XN). No association between both suicide risk and personal history of suicide attempts, and the above mentioned metabolic profiles were found after multiple testing corrections. In conclusion, the investigated cytochrome gene polymorphisms do not seem to be associated with suicide risk and/or a personal history of suicide attempts, though methodological and sample size limitations do not allow definitive conclusions.
HubMed – depression

 

Coping strategies of Spanish pregnant women and their impact on anxiety and depression.

Filed under: Depression Treatment

Res Nurs Health. 2012 Oct 18;
Peñacoba-Puente C, Carmona-Monge FJ, Marín-Morales D, Naber K

The aims of this study were to analyze the coping strategies used by women in the first trimester of low-risk pregnancies, their relationships to sociodemographic and pregnancy variables, and their ability to predict anxiety and depression in the third trimester. Participants in the first trimester were 285 Spanish pregnant women, of whom 122 were followed into the third trimester. The use of problem-focused coping was stable, whereas variations occurred in emotion-focused coping. Age, educational level, employment, planned pregnancy, previous childbirth, and previous miscarriage were associated with adaptive coping. Coping strategies predicting anxiety and depressive symptoms were overt emotional expression and social support seeking. Coping through religion predicted anxiety. Coping is a complex process influenced by sociodemographic and obstetric factors that can contribute to the onset of psychological symptoms. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health.
HubMed – depression

 

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